Exocrine pancreatic failure in dogs


pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (IPE) is a digestive disease caused by the inability of the pancreas to secrete enzymes required for digestion.

the healthy function of the pancreas ensures the production of enzymes that help digest nutrients. In the case of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (IPE), the production of digestive enzymes is damaged or even stopped, resulting in weight loss and eating disorders. It is mainly due to the decline of pancreatic function quality caused by environmental factors; Physical or emotional stress; Race (some races are biased, mainly German shepherds, but also Collie, Knight King Charles Spanier, dwarf schnazer…); Tumors with reduced functional masses of the pancreas; diabetes; innutrition; High acidity; Pancreatitis (pancreatitis) causes parasites… The clinical symptom

IPE mainly occurs in puppies under the age of 5. The first symptom occurs when 90% of pancreatic functional cells are destroyed. The main symptom of


disease is weight loss, despite increased appetite, And diarrhea. Stool is bulky and discolored because it is full of fat (fatty acids). Dyspepsia can lead to very common abdominal pain and flatulence, and sometimes lead to animals consuming their own feces (co phagocytosis). Diagnosis of

disease and diagnosis of

exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (IPE) It is usually confirmed by the veterinarian after blood collection to determine vitamins B9 and B12. The latter is a marker of intestinal bacterial proliferation. An enzyme called TLI was also measured. Dogs must fast for at least 12 hours before blood tests. The treatment of


IPE has several pillars. First of all, it is important to note that IPE can not be cured, but can be controlled. Therefore, the purpose of treatment is to improve the digestion of dogs, so as to ensure better life comfort. The treatment is to take pancreatic extract, usually pork, at every meal throughout the dog’s life. Antacids are usually recommended. At the beginning of treatment, antibiotics can be considered to regulate the intestinal flora. Regular injections of vitamin B12 can correct vitamin B12 deficiency. The diet of dogs can be kept unchanged or re examined to achieve high digestibility.

in most cases, the prognosis is good, but in some cases, Dogs with no improvement in digestive capacity may show the presence of another disease, such as chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

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