Other names: German Bouvier, Rottweil Butcher Dog, Rott

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The Rottweiler is a strong dog, which evokes strength. His very muscular body makes him a well-proportioned dog, both flexible and enduring! It has a well balanced, harmonious, elegant body. They are one of the most popular guard dogs in the world today.



Photo: Rottweiler breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin Germany
Template Giant
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 42 kg to 50 kg From 56 cm to 63 cm
Male From 45 kg to 54 kg From 61 cm to 68 cm
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History of the breed

The Rottweiler is one of the oldest dog breeds . Imported to the Rottweil region of Germany by the Romans , it would have been crossed with a sheepdog, giving the breed we know today. For a long time, it was used for the protection of the butchers’ cattle. His courage, tenacity and protective instinct made him an exceptional watchdog.

At the beginning of 1900, the law prohibiting the transport of cattle by road, the Rottweiler was recruited by the German and Austrian police for its flair and its robustness. He was officially recognized as a police dog in 1910 . But it was not until 1935 that the breed was officially accepted in the United States and 1970 in France. Even today, the Rottweiler is one of the most popular guard dogs and can be found in many brigades around the world.

Rottweiler Pictures

Photo by Sobrane, RottweilerPhoto of Venus, RottweilerPhoto of Taîna, RottweilerPhoto of Banbo, RottweilerPhoto of Ruby, RottweilerPhoto of Roma, Rottweiler

See all photos of Rottweiler from Woopets members

Physical features

His coat : made up of an undercoat completely covered by the outer hairs, his coat is of medium length, smooth, hard and tight. The hairs on the hind limbs are very slightly longer.
Its color : black with well-defined tan markings on the cheeks, muzzle, underside of the neck, chest, limbs, above the eyes and below the root of the tail.
His head : medium in size, quite wide between the ears. The forehead is slightly curved and the jaw is developed and powerful.
His ears : wide apart and set high on the head. Their shape is triangular and they fall forward, visually increasing the size of the head.
His eyes : dark brown in the shape of an almond.
His body : rather stocky with a strong bone structure, a well-developed bust and very muscular thighs. Neither short on legs nor greyhound, he is a well-proportioned mastiff with a robust, flexible and enduring look. Small peculiarity: it can have webbed legs!
Its tail : in its natural state, it is part of the horizontal extension of the back or a little raised. At rest, it can be hanging. It is short and covered with a hard, smooth coat.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

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Highly intelligent and self-confident , the Rottweiler needs to be educated as early as possible. Dominant dog and difficult to impress, he needs a master with a lot of character and authority! He is nevertheless hardworking, docile and tolerant, his education must be based on socialization from an early age, so that his dominant dog temperament does not stand out excessively. in learning, hence its frequent use in the police.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Rottweiler is a family dog , playful and curious who does not support confinement and loneliness . However, although large spaces seem attractive for such a size, it will be more blooming in the middle of its own with a small square of garden than in a large lot on its own. It can therefore adapt perfectly to city life, provided you take it for a walk every day.


Ease of gaining weight

Like many Molossoids, its deterrent look expresses its robustness. This big fellow is rarely sick , but his rapid growth can lead to skeletal deformities that should be monitored. The selection of breeders makes it possible to limit the propagation of the gene responsible for hip dysplasia .

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 8 and 12 puppies

Major concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Aortic stenosis
Minor concerns
Occasional concerns
Bacterial folliculitis
Gastric torsion

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Rottweiler dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 8 years

Maximum: 11 years

The life expectancy of a Rottweiler is, on average, between 8 years and 11 years.

Calculate the human age of your Rottweiler!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Rottweiler is an easy-going dog that requires little maintenance. It takes wind, rain, snow and even frost, but its worst enemy is heat. Its smooth and tight hair is maintained in a brush stroke . However, you have to take care of your diet, which is crucial for your health, from an early age.

His coat is naturally smooth and shiny . A hard brush stroke is enough to make it smoother and silky. Baths are detrimental to the health of your coat , so it is best not to overdo it. If washing is really necessary, it is advisable to use a neutral shampoo adapted to the type of hair, followed by a conditioner.

Teeth should be brushed regularly in order to eliminate the build-up of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria. His eyes and ears should be checked frequently to make sure there is no trace of dirt or any infection.

Price and budget

Purchase price

1000 €
1500 €

The purchase price of a Rottweiler is between 1000 € and 1500 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1,800
€ 1900

The annual maintenance cost of a Rottweiler is between € 1,800 and € 1,900.

Name ideas for a Rottweiler


None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find the name of your Rottweiler!


The diet of the Rottweiler must be strict and particularly rich to promote the development of his musculature and the maintenance of his skeleton in good condition. Thus, specialized stores provide food for Rottweiler, based on croquettes . He must ingest about 800 grams per day distributed in 2 meals . A light in the morning and a more generous in the evening.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

A real ball of energy , the Rottweiler needs to exert himself daily to maintain his musculature. Running and swimming are his favorite activities. Be careful, however, because the Rottweiler must avoid walks in the sun in midsummer.

Famous Rottweiler Breed Dogs

In the Spanish horror film Rottweiler directed by Brian Yuzna , released in 2004, a Rottweiler transformed into a cyborg in a laboratory sets out in pursuit of Dante , an escapee. Injured by the animal which has a steel jaw, Dante begins to suffer from hallucinations. This film was poorly received by critics upon its release.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1955


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