Belgian Shepherd Malinois

Other name: Malinois

3.5 / 5
128 reviews

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois is an extraordinary dog for protection, guard and defense. He is endearing, intelligent, lively and shows a fabulous loyalty to his master. He is playful and has an advantage in the interview compared to his Belgian cousins. In addition, his solid health requires no unnecessary expense. The Belgian Shepherd Malinois is particularly recognizable by its mask extending from the lips to the eyelids.



Photo: Belgian Shepherd Malinois dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin Belgium
Template Average
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 20 kg to 25 kg From 56 cm to 62 cm
Male From 28 kg to 34 kg From 60 cm to 66 cm
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Belgian Shepherd Malinois to adopt

  • Oxane
    Essonne (91)

  • White
    Essonne (91)
    2 years and 6 months

  • L5
    Essonne (91)
    5 years and 9 months

  • Plum
    Essonne (91)
    2 years and 6 months

History of the breed

The Belgian Shepherd Dog Club was founded in September 1891 with the launch of the first selections. The Belgian Shepherd Malinois variety was officially recognized as such in 1909. The current standard for the breed was established in 2001.

Photos of Belgian Shepherd Malinois

Photo of MASKA, Belgian Shepherd MalinoisPhoto of Rosco, Belgian Shepherd MalinoisPhoto of maïki, Belgian Shepherd MalinoisPhoto of Enya, Belgian Shepherd MalinoisPhoto of Daisy, Belgian Shepherd MalinoisPhoto of Vasco du chemin du marais, Belgian Shepherd Malinois

See all pictures of Belgian Shepherd Malinois from Woopets members

Physical features

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Malinois lives for his master. He is very affectionate , close to his adoptive family and his master. He is invested and is very responsive to the slightest order. He has a great capacity for attention . He is dynamic , dedicated , loyal and loyal . He is always ready to defend or even save his master’s life, even if it means giving his own in exchange.

He is courageous and he does not let anyone come and impose themselves on his territory. Thus, he makes an excellent watchdog . He is very intelligent , quick-witted. It is not for nothing that it is prized by police forces and armies around the world. He is also playful with children, whom he will protect against everything.

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Sensitive, intelligent and full of humanity, the Malinois must be educated with gentleness, kindness but also firmness. Education must begin at an early age. He wants to please his master and that is an undeniable advantage. He must be socialized as much as possible so that he does not experience any difficulty in his approach to others when he is an adult.

Never use violence. If he disobeys, do not hesitate to sulk him. He always needs his master and therefore will quickly understand that he did not do what was asked of him. He can also learn through play and should not have to do exercises that are too repetitive, otherwise they will get bored.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois is essentially a working and activity dog. He will prefer life in the country or in a large house with a garden, but will be able to adapt to living in an apartment if he is out frequently. Urban life is not to be avoided, however, but it will be all the more at ease and happy in a house with a garden. He needs to go out to burn his energy and channel his energy.


Ease of gaining weight

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois is a robust and rustic dog. There is no breed specific affection, but the possibility of dealing with hip dysplasia should never be ruled out entirely, although the Belgian Shepherd Malinois is relatively less concerned than other dogs of large or medium size.

Overall, it doesn’t have much to worry about on the health side as long as it is taken care of properly. It does not fear cold or heat and even less bad weather.

However, before considering surgery, it is important to talk to the vet. Indeed, the Belgian Shepherd Malinois is very sensitive to anesthesia . Due to its muscle / fat ratio, the death rate is above average when subjected to anesthesia.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 6 and 10 puppies

Major concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Sensitivity to anesthesia
Minor concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Occasional concerns
Suggested tests

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets advises you to take out insurance for Belgian Shepherd Malinois dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 12 years

The life expectancy of a Belgian Shepherd Malinois is, on average, between 10 years and 12 years.

Calculate the human age of your Belgian Shepherd Malinois!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois remains subject to a spring moult and another in autumn. It is nevertheless easy to maintain, because its coat is short. The latter must be regularly examined and cleaned in order to preserve its protective capacity.

It is recommended to brush the dog once a week . During moulting, it is advisable to use a curry comb before brushing, in order to ensure the cleanliness of the undercoat.

The eyes are cleaned with gauze and physiological saline, and the ears with ear drops. As with all breeds, their nails should be clipped regularly if they do not wear out naturally to avoid the risk of cracking, which can cause pain. In order to preserve your teeth , it is also important to brush them . This treatment eliminates the accumulation of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Max € 500
1000 €

The purchase price of a Belgian Shepherd Malinois is between 500 € and 1000 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1300
€ 1350

The annual maintenance cost of a Belgian Malinois Shepherd is between 1300 € and 1350 €.

Name ideas for a Belgian Shepherd Malinois


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His diet must be adapted to his daily physical expenditure. His diet should above all be rich in proteins and carbohydrates. Without great expense, high quality kibble is sufficient. Croquettes which are also suitable for this dog in case of strong activity. In addition, as for German Shepherds or all breeds subject to stomach twists, the Malinois must ingest his meal in 2 times . A fairly light ration in the morning and a more generous one in the evening.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois needs to stay active. Long daily outings should be offered, as well as games and ideally obstacles to overcome (forest hikes and agility courses, for example).

Unlike adults, puppies have a lower need for physical activity due to their size. Under 4 months, 15 to 20 minutes of play outside, morning and evening, are sufficient. From 4 to 6 months, the puppy, in addition to continuing to enjoy games outside, may be required to take short walks. From 6 months to a year, the duration of outdoor exercises (for example with a ball or a Frisbee) can be extended to 40 minutes. From the age of one, the Belgian Shepherd Malinois can begin to follow his master during his jogging sessions, the duration of which is to be gradually increased. Note that hard surfaces, such as asphalt and concrete, should be avoided.

Famous Belgian Shepherd Malinois dogs

Max : this Belgian Shepherd Malinois is the main character of the film Max , released in 2015 and directed by Boaz Yakin . Max and his owner named Kyle , an American soldier, are sent to Afghanistan, where the man is killed. The Malinois returned to the United States alone and was adopted by the family of his trainer. The presence of the animal will help the family to rebuild itself.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Room N ° 8: The Belgian Malinois Shepherd

Message from loveasian

Affectionate but difficult Belgian Shepherd Malinois

Message from Yuk

Affectionate but difficult Belgian Shepherd Malinois

Message from naziaramesh83 arra

Belgian Shepherd Ma malinois

Guest message

Belgian Malinois Shepherd and Labrador Retriever

Message from Sue71

Do you have a question about the Belgian Shepherd Malinois?
Do not hesitate to ask Woopets visitors for advice on the forum!

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Recognized by FCI

Since 1956


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