Bichon frize

Other name: Bichon frize

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The Bichon Frize is a small companion dog full of cheerfulness and liveliness, recognizable by its long spiral and supple coat. His head carriage is high and denotes a certain pride in his attitude. He is very expressive.



Photo: dog breed Bichon Frize on Woopets

Hypoallergenic breed Hypoallergenic breed

Hair type Long
Origin Belgium, France
Template Small
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 3 kg to 4 kg From 22 cm to 30 cm
Male From 3 kg to 4 kg From 25 cm to 34 cm
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History of the breed

The race of   Bichon frize   is quite old. Appeared around the 14th century , it would be the result of crossing the Barbet (also at the origin of the Poodle) and the Bichon Maltais. Long called Bichon de Ténériffe, it arrived in France during the 16th century and quickly found considerable success, especially with kings François I and Henri III and their courts.

Its popularity then declined somewhat in France. Thanks to a Belgian breeder, the breed was able to be saved after World War II, which could have made it disappear. It was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on October 28, 1959.

Bichon frize pictures

Photo of Princess, Bichon frizePhoto of Rasta, Bichon frizePhoto of Ixos, Bichon frizePhoto of Gribouille, Bichon frizePhoto of Divine, Bichon frizePhoto of CALI, Bichon frize

See all Bichon à poil frisé photos from Woopets members

Physical features

Its hair: long (7 to 10 cm in length), fine, silky, supple, corkscrew, never flat or strung.
Its color: pure white.
Its head: rather flat, longer than the muzzle. The stop is slightly accentuated, the nose is rounded and very black, the lips thin and dry, the cheeks flat.
His ears: thin, drooping, well covered with long curly hairs, carried forward when the dog is attentive.
His eyes: as dark as possible, rather rounded in shape, with dark eyelids too.
His body: the kidney is wide and well muscled, the croup slightly rounded, the chest well developed and the sides well raised in the belly.
Its tail: set slightly below the line of the back, carried up and curved, but without curling.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Bichon Frize is a lively , cheerful , playful and playful dog, while being very calm. Attached to his master and his family, he always seeks their proximity. He gets along very well with children . Obviously, the Bichon Frize is not made for guarding. He is exclusively a companion dog and fulfills this role perfectly.


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The Bichon Frize is not a particularly difficult dog to train . Naturally gentle and docile, he easily acquires the learning instilled in him by his master, who must however be careful not to let him develop a dominant character. His education must be done with firmness and gentleness.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

He   is made for indoor living, close to his master and his family. He does not tolerate loneliness very well . Living in an apartment suits him perfectly, but being able to have a fenced garden suits him just as well. It adapts to all family situations, with or without children.


Ease of gaining weight

The race of   Bichon frize   has a predisposition to certain diseases, including the following: Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease (aseptic necrosis of the femoral head), cataracts, corneal dystrophy, and dislocation of the patella.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 1 and 6 puppies

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends insurance for Bichon Frize dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Bichon Frize is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Bichon Frize!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Bichon frize barely sheds hair . As such, it is one of the so-called hypoallergenic dog breeds. However, her dress requires a fairly important and frequent maintenance because her hair can easily form knots and must keep its impeccable white color.

It is recommended that the dog be brushed frequently , washed several times a year, and groomed regularly. Particular attention should be paid to the eye area, which gets dirty easily and the ears or hair can grow in the ear canal. It is also necessary to brush his teeth, because he is very sensitive to tartar.

Price and budget

Purchase price

700 €
1000 €

The purchase price of a Bichon frize is between 700 € and 1000 €.

Annual maintenance cost


The annual maintenance cost of a Bichon Frize is between NC and NC.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Bichon Frize does not have a huge need for walks. A good daily outing and indoor activities are enough for him to exercise.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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Guest message

Do you have a question about the Bichon à poil frize?
Do not hesitate to ask Woopets visitors for advice on the forum!

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1959


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