Bouvier des Ardennes

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The Bouvier des Ardennes is a rustic, robust, short, stocky and compact dog. Heavy bone structure, a powerful head, rough, tousled hair, and the presence of a mustache and beard are the hallmarks of the appearance of this breed built for work.



Photo: Bouvier des Ardennes dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Belgium
Template Big
Head shape Triangular
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 22 kg to 28 kg From 52 cm to 56 cm
Male From 28 kg to 35 kg From 56 cm to 62 cm
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History of the breed

The Liège Society for the Improvement of the Cattle Dog of the Province of Liège and the Ardennes was founded in 1913. It was they who developed the first standard of the breed, which was completed 10 years later, then published by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on June 16, 1963. In the meantime, the FCI had definitively recognized the breed on June 13, 1955

Physical features

His hair: coarse, disheveled, dry, mid-length (about 6 cm on the whole body), shorter on the skull. Forming a mustache and a goatee.
Its color: all except white.
His head: powerful, strong, quite short. The skull is broad and flat. The stop is marked, but without excess. The nose is broad and black, the muzzle thick and shorter than the skull, the thin lips, the powerful jaws, the cheeks very flat while being muscular.
His ears: triangular in shape, small in size, set high, ideally rigid and straight.
His eyes: slightly oval in shape, medium in size and as dark as possible.
Its body: strongly built, compact, with rather round ribs and a very short side. The topline is horizontal and wide, the withers slightly protruding, the back muscular and supple, the croup wide and slightly sloping, the chest well let down and the belly slightly raised.
Its tail: naturally short, thick and set on high.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

the   Bouvier des Ardennes is an energetic , enduring and tenacious dog. Raised to drive, herd and herd herds of cattle, he shows off his determination and courage at home , valiantly defending his family. In the middle of it, he shows curiosity, sociability and joie de vivre. The Bouvier des Ardennes is also appreciated for its formidable ability to adapt . He is therefore an excellent working and guard dog.

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This dog requires firm and early education . A grip combining authority and gentleness makes it a pleasant companion both at work and at home. It is not for all that to seek the balance of power, but rather to make him know the limits not to cross and the rules of obedience.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   Bouvier des Ardennes   is not really a house dog. Used to living outdoors , he appreciates spaces and freedom of movement . If he is called to live in the city, his master must be available and willing to give him long walks.


Ease of gaining weight

Rustic and resistant, the Bouvier des Ardennes does not fear much when it comes to health . Its double, coarse and dense coat gives it good protection against the cold and bad weather.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 5 puppies

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Bouvier des Ardennes dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 12 years

The life expectancy of a Bouvier des Ardennes is, on average, between 10 years and 12 years.

Calculate the human age of your Bouvier des Ardennes!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Bouvier des Ardennes is subject to only one moult per year . Its maintenance is not particularly tedious, being a dog with a rustic coat.

It is recommended to brush the dog once a week using a quackgrass type brush.

Price and budget

Purchase price

€ 600
1000 €

The purchase price of a Bouvier des Ardennes is between 600 € and 1000 €.

Annual maintenance cost


The annual maintenance cost of a Bouvier des Ardennes is between NC and NC.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Bouvier des Ardennes needs a lot of exercise for his physical and mental balance. Made for work and activity, he must be able to benefit from long daily outings and play sessions with his master.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Recognized by FCI

Since 1955


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