Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Other names: Cavalier King Charles, Epagneul Cavalier King Charles, English Toy Spaniel

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The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a well-proportioned little dog, elegant as much by his appearance as by his clear walk. It is very graceful and gives an impression of great gentleness.



Photo: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Long
Origin Britain
Template Small
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 5 kg to 8 kg From 32 cm to 36 cm
Male From 5 kg to 8 kg From 32 cm to 36 cm
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History of the breed

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is known since the 16th century in England. He was one of the favorite dogs of the English royal court and was, moreover, named in reference to King Charles II who was particularly fond of this breed. By the early 19th century, King Charles Spaniel received contributions from King Charles Spaniel, the Pekingese and Carlin to lead to the current characteristics of the breed. The 1st standard of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was established in 1928.

The breed club was founded at the same time in Great Britain and the breed was recognized by the Kennel Club in 1945. For its part, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) gave it definitive recognition 10 years later. , January 20, 1955. Its official FCI standard in force was published on November 4, 2008. In France, the first representatives of the breed arrived in 1975.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Pictures

Photo of Trickster, Cavalier King Charles SpanielPhoto of Dayou, Cavalier King Charles SpanielPhoto of Dévis, Cavalier King Charles SpanielPhoto of Coocky, Cavalier King Charles SpanielPhoto of Chanelle, Cavalier King Charles SpanielPhoto of Caline, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

View all Cavalier King Charles Spaniel photos of Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: long silky, characterized by abundant fringes and can be slightly wavy.
Its color: can be two-tone black and tan (bright tan spots above the eyes, on the cheeks, in the ears, on the chest, on the limbs and under the tail, without white markings), ruby (unicolour, of a intense red and without white markings), Blenheim (bright chestnut markings split evenly on the head, on a pearl white background), tricolor (black and white with tan markings above the eyes, at the level of the cheeks, in the ears, at inside the limbs and under the tail).
His head: the skull is almost flat, the stop little accentuated, the nostrils black and well developed, the jaws strong with a perfect scissor bite.
His ears: set high, long and furnished with abundant fringes.
His eyes: large, round, dark in color, wide apart and never protruding.
His body: well proportioned. The neck is moderately long and slightly arched, the back straight, the kidney short and the ribs well sprung.
Its tail: of length in proportion to that of the body, well set on, carried cheerfully, but without going beyond the line of the back.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a dog full of joie de vivre and liveliness , but at the same time calm and devoid of aggression . Playful, friendly and sociable , he is no less courageous. His pleasant and particularly balanced personality makes him an excellent companion dog for the whole family .

He gets along just as well with children as he does with the elderly. It is also a popular exhibition subject because of its remarkable appearance and graceful demeanor. Usually discreet, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can become a barker in the presence of other dogs, but he is not very inclined to arguments with his congeners .

It can adapt to all types of masters ranging from the elderly to a young and athletic person. Small ball of energy, he can in the blink of an eye become very calm and be discreet.

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The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is relatively easy to train . Obedient , but often distracted, he is attached to his master , he will always seek to please him. Be careful not to spoil him, however, because he knows how to use his charm very well. His education must be both gentle and firm.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is essentially an indoor dog that appreciates family life and prefers to be close to its owners. However, he appreciates being able to have an enclosed outdoor space to move and be entertained as he pleases. He suffers from loneliness without ever witnessing it .


Ease of gaining weight

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a dog with solid health , but which presents predispositions to some heart diseases and others such as: incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (present in most spaniels), demodectic mange, pyoderma, otitis, allergic dermatitis, cataracts, corneal dystrophy, epilepsy, patella dislocation, diabetes …

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 6 puppies

Major concerns
Corneal dystrophy
Mitral valve disease
Incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle
Brachycephalic Syndrome
Minor concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Patella dislocation
Occasional concerns
Ear infections
Suggested tests

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 9 years old

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is, on average, between 9 years and 14 years.

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel remains subject to 2 moults per year, occurring during the spring and fall seasons. It requires regular maintenance, but does not need to be groomed.

It is recommended to brush the dog once a week with a wire brush. Special attention should be paid to the ears (inside and behind), tail and limbs. After brushing, comb through. The eyes should be cleaned using compresses soaked in physiological serum. It can be washed several times a year , provided you use a specific shampoo and dry it well. Her teeth can be brushed regularly to remove tartar buildup and bacteria growth.

Price and budget

Purchase price

900 €
1400 €

The purchase price of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is between 900 € and 1400 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 850
900 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is between 850 € and 900 €.

Name ideas for a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


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The King Charles in principle ingests an industrial diet based on high quality kibble . It will then suffice to regulate his ration according to his daily activity.

Some Cavaliers King Charles Spaniel tend to be overweight , which could exacerbate heart problems to which they may be predisposed. The treats are to be given in moderation.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel needs minimal exercise . He is content with simple daily walks , but enjoys activities such as agility.

Famous Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs

Rex : this Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (1984-1998) was the faithful companion of US President Ronald Reagan ,   who gave it to his wife Nancy in December 1985. The dog was named after the White House bailiff, Rex Scouten , who retired the same year. The animal lived in the White House with the couple   until the end of the president’s term, then followed him to his home in Los Angeles. Upon his death in 1998, the canine was buried in the animal cemetery at Rancho del Cielo, the ranch of Ronald and Nancy Reagan .


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1955


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