Puli

Other name: Hungarian Shepherd

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The Puli, or Hungarian Shepherd, is a shepherd dog of medium size, robust build, recognizable by its coat formed of long cords resembling, in a way, dreadlocks. Well muscled, with fine bones and a harmonious constitution, he is agile and fast despite what his appearance suggests. The gait of the Puli is characterized by lively movements and short strides.

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Photo: Puli breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Long
Origin Hungary
Template Average
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 10 kg to 15 kg From 35 cm to 45 cm
Male From 10 kg to 15 kg From 35 cm to 45 cm
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History of the breed

If it was developed and bred in Hungary, the Puli has its origins deep in Asia . It was used by the Magyar nomads (main constituent people of present-day Hungary) as a shepherd dog , leading and protecting their flocks. The breed was relatively unknown, but gained some popularity when Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg introduced his dog named Beast.

The Puli breed was definitively recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) on August 11, 1954. Its official FCI standard in force was published on October 29, 2013.

Physical features

His hair: forming long cords (strands with corded hair) or flakes in adulthood, wavy and tight in the puppy. The outer coat is thick and coarse, associated with a finer undercoat.
Its color: unicolour black (possibly black with a slight rust-red or gray tint), fawn with a black, gray or pearl white mask.
Its head: round when seen from the front, elliptical when viewed from the side. The skull is rather small, the superciliary arches well developed, the stop weakly marked, the nose small and black, the muzzle not pointed, the lips tight and very dark, the jaws articulated in scissors.
Its ears: of medium high attachment, thick at their attachment, drooping, V-shaped and rounded end.
His eyes: medium-sized, obliquely arranged, dark brown in color, mostly hidden by the corded hair and displaying a look full of liveliness and intelligence.
Its body: of length equal to the height at the withers, therefore inscribable in a square. The neck is medium in length, well muscled and covered with generous hair, the topline is straight, the withers very slightly extended, the back of medium length and firm, the loins well muscled and short, the croup slightly sloping, the chest long and well let down and the belly gradually raised towards the back.
Its tail: of moderate length (reaching the hock if stretched out), moderately high attachment and forming a curl folded flat on the croup.

Behavior and character

Affectionate
Calm
Protective
Independent
Hunter
Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

the   Puli is an alert, energetic, intelligent dog who is always ready to engage in any activity requiring intelligence, coordination and agility. He shows himself, in fact, particularly to his advantage in a variety of disciplines relating to dog sport. Determined and courageous , he has long asserted his qualities as a sheepdog, skillfully leading flocks of sheep and ensuring their protection. The Puli is indeed an excellent guardian , coupled with a pleasant , happy companion who enjoys the company of children .

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Education

Clever
Obedient

The education of the Puli must be based on a good balance between firmness and softness . Brutality is to be totally excluded from its learning, in favor of the game, rewards and encouragement. In short, the Puli is not a complicated dog to train, nor to manage, if it is taken in hand early enough and in an adequate manner.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   Puli   is made to get along with the whole family, especially children. His masters must be willing to offer him enough daily activity , but also to take care of his special dress properly.

Health

Solid
Ease of gaining weight

the   Puli is an overall tough and strong dog. It does not fear the cold or the rain thanks to its characteristic dress. Nevertheless, diseases and defects are to be watched in this breed, such as deafness and hip dysplasia.

Hypoallergenic breed

No

Litter size

Between 4 and 6 puppies

Major concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Cataract
Hip dysplasia
Deafness
Minor concerns
Patella dislocation
Suggested tests
Knee
Hip
Eye

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Puli dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Puli is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Puli!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

the   Puli is a dog that requires specific daily maintenance . However, it should not be groomed or neglected to present a natural look while remaining clean and healthy.

It is recommended not to brush the dog , but rather to regularly untangle the cords of his dress by hand . If it must be bathed (occasionally), special care must be taken in drying , because it must be sufficiently successful to avoid the formation of mold in the hair. For reasons of practice and hygiene, some masters choose to cut the hair in different places, the goal being to avoid the accumulation of debris or urine.

His teeth need to be brushed to eliminate the build-up of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria. If they do not wear out naturally, its claws need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian or groomer.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Mini
800 €
Maxi
1000 €

The purchase price of a Puli is between 800 € and 1000 €.

Annual maintenance cost

Mini
€ 350
Maxi
500 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Puli is between 350 € and 500 €.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Puli!

Food

The diet of the Puli must be balanced and of quality , adapted to his level of physical exercise, his size and his age. His food is divided into 2 meals per day .

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Physical activity

Athletic
Energy level
Potential to play

the   Puli is an active dog by nature and therefore needs long and frequent outings on a daily basis . He also needs to express his energy and agility by engaging in dog sports such as agility and obedience.

Competitions

Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club

Others

Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>
Active

FCI Information

FCI No.

55

FCI Group

Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954

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