Spanish Mastiff

Other names: Mastín Español, Mâtin d’Estremadura, Mâtin de la Mancha, Spanish Mastiff

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The Spanish Mastiff is a dog of impressive stature and dimensions, of sub-elongated conformation, of powerful construction, with a compact frame and well-developed musculature. Its characteristic bark is hoarse, deep and deep at the same time. The gait of the Spanish Mastiff is characterized by harmonious and powerful movements.



Photo: Spanish Mastiff dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Spain
Template Giant
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 65 kg to 80 kg From 72 cm to 88 cm
Male From 80 kg to 120 kg From 77 cm to 88 cm
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History of the breed

The presence of   Spanish Mastiff   on the Iberian Peninsula has been documented for at least 2 millennia . Originally from the region of Extremadura, in southwestern Spain, this dog was traditionally used to accompany shepherds when moving their flocks of sheep, especially those of the Merino type. The Spanish Mastiff was then a flawless protection against wolves and other predators . It is also a role that he continues to play today, in addition to that of watchdog in which he excels.

Spanish Mastiff Pictures

Photo by IRAM, Spanish MastiffPhoto of killian, Spanish MastiffPhoto of Duchess, Spanish MastiffPhoto of Diva, Spanish MastiffPhoto of Cosmo, Spanish Mastiff

See all Spanish Mastiff photos of Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: semi-long, dense, thick, evenly distributed over the whole body, also filling the interdigital spaces. Longer on the tail, shorter on the limbs.
Its color: ideally one-color yellow, fawn, red, black, wolf or red-deer, but all colors and mixtures are allowed.
His head: massive, robust and square. The skull is broad, solid, as wide as long or slightly longer. The frontal sinuses are accentuated, the occipital ridge marked, the stop little accentuated and gently sloping. The nose is black, large and wet, the muzzle straight and never pointed, the jaws powerful and articulated like scissors.
His ears: triangular, flat, drooping, of medium size, set above the line of the eyes. Partly trained when the dog is attentive or in action.
His eyes: almond-shaped, small in size, dark hazel in color, displaying an expression both gentle and intelligent, becoming harsher in the presence of a stranger.
His body: powerful and strong, but flexible. Writable in a rectangle. The neck is broad, strong and covered with thick skin. The topline is straight, the withers well marked, the back strong and muscular, the loins long and wide, the croup solid, the chest large and powerful, the belly very slightly raised.
Its tail: strong at its base, set on moderately high, flexible, covered with a longer hair, straightened into a saber when the dog is attentive or active.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Spanish Mastiff   is a dog with great strength of character . He shows remarkable determination when it comes to intervening to protect his family , whether it is his master, his family, his property or the herd. It becomes fierce in the presence of an intruder, whether it is a thief or a predator. Apart from that, the Spanish Mastiff is very affectionate , intelligent , calm , full of nobility and self-confidence.

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The education of the Spanish Mastiff does not pose a particular problem if it is undertaken early enough. Positive reinforcement and quality socialization make it possible to make it an exceptionally reliable life and work partner. Bad behavior must be corrected during his youth, otherwise his large size and strength may be a problem.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   Spanish Mastiff   is aimed at experienced teachers , who know how to educate and manage it from an early age. Rather than in an apartment, he will prefer to live in a house with a large garden .


Ease of gaining weight

the   Spanish Mastiff is a rustic and resistant dog . Apart from dysplasias and stomach torsion / dilation problems present in most large dogs, there is no predisposition to any particular disease.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 3 and 6 puppies

Major concerns
Hip dysplasia
Gastric torsion
Minor concerns
Suggested tests

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Spanish Mastiff dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 11 years old

Maximum: 13 years

The life expectancy of a Spanish Mastiff is, on average, between 11 years and 13 years.

Calculate the human age of your Spanish Mastiff!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

the   Spanish Mastiff requires regular maintenance .

It is recommended to brush the dog weekly to maintain the cleanliness and health of his coat and skin. Baths should not be frequent.

Its hair, ears, eyes and pads should be examined after each outing in the wild to detect and remove any debris or external parasites. His teeth need to be brushed frequently to remove tartar build-up and the proliferation of bacteria. Finally, if they do not wear out naturally, its claws need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian or groomer.

Price and budget

Purchase price

1000 €
1500 €

The purchase price of a Spanish Mastiff is between 1000 € and 1500 €.

Annual maintenance cost

900 €
1200 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Spanish Mastiff is between 900 € and 1200 €.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Spanish Mastiff!


The Spanish Mastiff needs a balanced diet , where both excess and deficiency should be avoided at all costs.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

the   Spanish Mastiff   has a moderate need for exercise . In order not to put excessive strain on his joints, we prefer to book daily outings that are not exhausting . The ideal duration of the walk is between half an hour and an hour.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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my dog is afraid of cars he is stressed and barks especially in the morning

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My bitch passed away this morning

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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