American Water Dog

Other names: American Water Spaniel, American Water Spaniel

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the   American Water Dog   is a medium-sized, active dog with well-developed bones and muscles. It is harmoniously and solidly built, full of strength and elegant, without the impression of heaviness.



Photo: American Water Dog breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Frieze
Origin United States
Template Average
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 11 kg to 18 kg From 38 cm to 46 cm
Male From 13 kg to 20 kg From 38 cm to 46 cm
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History of the breed

The American Water Dog breed originated in the United States from the second half of the 19th century . It was developed and used by hunters in the American Midwest, mainly in the state of Wisconsin. Its deep origins are not sufficiently documented, so much so that today it is impossible to know with certainty the crosses which led to the American Water Dog . Nevertheless, we know that it is to FJ Pfeiffer that is attributed the 1st real breeding of dogs of this breed, in New London in Wisconsin.

The first standard, dating from 1920, was also drawn up on the basis of his work. It was subsequently adopted by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1940, then in a new version 50 years later. The breed was definitively recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) on November 2, 1979.

Photos of American Water Dog

Photo of Dixie, American Water DogPhoto of Dolly, American Water Dog

View all American Water Dog photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: uniformly wavy or characterized by tight curls. The outer coat is associated with a dense undercoat, the whole giving the dog good protection against water.
Its color: single- colored and uniformly liver, brown or dark chocolate.
His head: in proportion to the rest of the body, moderately long. The skull is broad and strong, the stop moderately drawn without being too pronounced.
His ears: moderately high set, located slightly above the eye line. Lobe-shaped, rather long and of good width.
His eyes: medium size, slightly rounded, light yellowish brown to hazelnut or dark brown, in accordance with the dress. Intelligent expression, alert and full of liveliness.
His body: developed, harmonious, powerful but not compact. The neck is round and moderately long, the top line straight or slightly sloping, the kidney solid, the chest well developed, the ribs well sprung and the flanks not raised.
Its tail: moderately long, curved, carried slightly below or above the line of the back, lively and furnished with moderately fringed hairs.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The American Water Dog is an alert, energetic, intelligent dog who shows great enthusiasm when hunting . A versatile hunter, he was notably developed to bring back game from light boats. The American Water Dog has a very pleasant temperament , since he is affectionate and very attached to his master .

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His pronounced taste for work and his desire to please his master facilitate his education and learning. Taken in early enough, with a minimum of firmness to develop obedience, but also gentleness, the American Water Dog becomes an excellent hunting companion and an equally pleasant member of the family.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   American Water Dog can live in an apartment if he is walked and stimulated enough, but this is not his ideal environment. He prefers to evolve in large spaces , in the middle or near nature.


Ease of gaining weight

the   American Water Dog   is a dog that tolerates difficult climatic conditions quite well , especially bad weather thanks to its double coat. Certain predispositions should nevertheless be monitored in this breed: hip dysplasia, mitral insufficiency and pulmonary stenosis .

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 7 and 9 puppies

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends an American Water Dog dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of an American Water Dog is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your American Water Dog!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

the   American Water Dog   remains subject to 2 moults per year during seasonal changes. During these periods, hair loss is greater than the rest of the year , where it persists, but to a lesser extent.

The American Water Dog can be groomed and his ears shaved , but this is not a requirement.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Max € 500
1000 €

The purchase price of an American Water Dog is between € 500 and € 1000.

Annual maintenance cost


The annual maintenance cost of an American Water Dog is between NC and NC.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

He needs regular activity . He must be able to walk, run, jump in the water and move around in the thicket when he has the chance. He cannot therefore be satisfied with simple and short daily walks.


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Tap water / Spring water?

Message from Lucie puich

American Akita dangerous dog ???

Guest message

Is the American Akita a beginner dog?

Guest message

My dog does not like water: how to overcome his fear?

Message from Charles Monteur

My dog drinks the water from the bucket when I mop is it …

Message from Edouard moir

Do you have a question about the American Water Dog?
Do not hesitate to ask Woopets visitors for advice on the forum!

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 8: Retrieving game dogs – Game-raising dogs – Water dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1979


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