Anatolian Shepherd

Other names: Kangal, Karabash, Coban Köpegi, Anatolian Shepherd Dog

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The Anatolian Shepherd is a very large dog, which impresses with its powerful build. Vigorous and robust, it is no less fast and elegant. The Kangal, or Anatolian Shepherd dog, is a wonderful life companion, guarantor of the protection of the home of its master. He is gentle, loyal, faithful and full of good will. His remarkable intelligence will make him a wonderful companion dog. He is sometimes stubborn and his education must be taken seriously.



Photo: Anatolian Shepherd dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin Turkey
Template Giant
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 40 kg to 55 kg From 70 cm to 78 cm
Male From 50 kg to 65 kg From 71 cm to 81 cm
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History of the breed

The Anatolian Shepherd is a very old breed of herding guard dog that originated in Turkey, appreciated for its ability to deter any attempt at intrusion or attack from predators, but also for its ability to cover great distances on the plateaus of Anatolia (present-day Turkey). He would be a descendant of the hunting dogs of Mesopotamia , particularly strong and fast.

The quintessential working dog, the Kangal has a characteristic specific to its breed. Since it evolves according to certain circumstances. Indeed, the Kangal will not be the same depending on the climate in which it evolves. It will also be different depending on his lifestyle (sedentary or nomadic). Finally, the work required will make it evolve. The breed was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale on June 6, 1989.

Photos of Anatolian Shepherd

Photo of Taïsa, Anatolian ShepherdPhoto of KaÏko, Anatolian ShepherdPhoto of Pako, Anatolian ShepherdPhoto of Hulk, Anatolian ShepherdPhoto of Laika, Anatolian ShepherdPhoto of Mya, Anatolian Shepherd

View all Anatolian Shepherd photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His coat: short or mid-long, dense and associated with a fairly thick undercoat. Longer and even denser in the neck, shoulders and thighs. The length is more important in winter.
Its color: generally sand, with or without mask, but all colors are allowed.
Its head: strong, fairly broad (in the male even more than in the female), proportionate to the rest of the body. The skull is slightly domed.
His ears: medium in size, triangular in shape, with rounded ends, falling against the cheeks.
His eyes: small in relation to the skull, wide apart, golden to brown in color depending on that of the hair. The conjunctiva is not visible, the edge of the eyelids is black, except in subjects with a liver-colored coat.
His body: powerfully built, with well-developed musculature and never flat ribs. The top line is horizontal, the back rather short, the kidney slightly harped, the chest well let down to the height of the elbows and the belly is well tucked in.
Its tail: of good length, reaching the hock, set high, carried low and slightly curved at rest, higher and curled on the back when the dog is attentive.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a balanced dog, as affectionate and loyal to his master and his family as he is wary of strangers . A herd guard dog, it has a highly developed protective instinct . The Anatolian Shepherd Dog also asserts his intelligence, independence, calm, loyalty and self-confidence both at home and at work.

Excellent companion dog, the Kangal of a watch of total gentleness and unfailing kindness . He is never aggressive, although he does not appreciate the presence of strangers nearby. He will defend his owner body and soul. As a bonus, his master’s home will be well protected.

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The Anatolian Shepherd can tend to be stubborn. Obeying the latter and making him happy will thus be obvious to the dog, who also appreciates expressions of affection.

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog must also be socialized extensively and from an early age. Emphasis should be placed on socializing so that he accepts or tolerates the presence of intruders. He will not hesitate to return the love given. He must also learn not to bark unnecessarily.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is clearly not made to live in an apartment , primarily because of his size , but also because of his personality : independent and powerful, he needs large spaces to be balanced and happy. It is aimed at people who know how to be firm and capable of offering them long daily activities. It is robust and withstand all temperatures. The weather does not scare him. He needs to exercise outdoors, to run, to feel happy. Its well-being goes through a fairly large exterior.


Ease of gaining weight

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a hardy dog, with a robust build and health. Its double, well-supplied hair protects it from cold and hot climates . As in all large breeds, the risk of hip dysplasia should be monitored, but it should be noted that it is relatively less affected by this problem due to its size at the withers which reduces the impact on its body mass. He has no known hereditary disease.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 5 and 10 puppies

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends an Anatolian Shepherd dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 13 years

The life expectancy of an Anatolian Shepherd is, on average, between 10 years and 13 years.

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Anatolian Shepherd remains subject to 2 annual seasonal moults during which he loses a lot of hair. Outside of these periods, his hair loss is minimal. Its rustic dress requires only a simple regular maintenance. The only difficulty in the maintenance of this dog lies in its diet , which must be both sufficient in quantity and quality to meet its needs and not too excessive to avoid the consequences of overweight.

It is recommended to brush the dog every week and to examine it systematically after outings in the wilderness, in order to prevent debris deposits. During the moult, brushing should be daily.

Price and budget

Purchase price

1000 €
1400 €

The purchase price of an Anatolian Shepherd is between 1000 € and 1400 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1900
2000 €

The annual maintenance cost of an Anatolian Shepherd is between 1900 € and 2000 €.

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The Kangal’s diet should be closely watched. Indeed, it must be able to cover all the energy expenditure of this canine, which tends to spend more than average. He must have food and water available. Its diet is based on high quality croquettes. His master will have to find the right balance in undernourishment and overeating which would lead the Kangal to overweight.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog needs a lot of exercise to get active, but you should avoid making him work too intensely so as not to put his joints in danger . He needs 2 long walks daily.


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1989


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