Yorkshire Terrier

Other names: Yorkshire Terrier, Yorkshire Dwarf Terrier, Longhaired Dwarf Terrier, Yorkshire Toy Terrier, York, Yorkie

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The Yorkshire Terrier, under its guise, remains a dog with a full personality and quite nervous. Used mainly as a companion dog, it is a very affectionate animal with its master with a certain spirit of adventure. He needs a great love in return. Very kind to children, but not very patient, he remains one of the favorite dogs in the United States and in France as well. It is also the smallest dog of the terrier family.



Photo: Yorkshire Terrier dog on Woopets

Hypoallergenic breed Hypoallergenic breed

Hair type Long
Origin Britain
Template Small
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 2 kg to 3 kg From 15 cm to 25 cm
Male From 2 kg to 3 kg From 15 cm to 25 cm
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History of the breed

The birth of the breed dates back to the second industrial revolution in the early 19th century, when many wool industry workers left Scotland to join Yorkshire (county in England) with their dogs. Through crossing with several local terriers , including the Bichon Maltais, they obtained the Yorkshire Terrier. It was designed for hunting rats in mines or rabbits in burrows. Its small size and long hairs are essential elements for its extraction in burrows. The official breed standard was established in 1898.

Yorkshire Terrier presentation video

Yorkshire Terrier Pictures

Photo of Marshmallow, Yorkshire TerrierPhoto of Astonn, Yorkshire TerrierPhoto of Coleen, Yorkshire TerrierPhoto of JENNA-LEE, Yorkshire TerrierPhoto of Curly, Yorkshire Terrier

View all Yorkshire Terrier photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His coat : reasonably long on the body, he is also exceptionally smooth and shiny. Its fine and silky touch is very pleasant during the caress. However, its coat remains long and falling on the head and closer to the ears and on the muzzle.
Its color : from the base of the skull, the hair is dark steel blue and tan on the head and the lower limbs.
His head : rather small and flat. It sports a slightly rounded skull and a moderately long, bearded muzzle.
Its ears : small V-shaped. Carried straight, they are not set apart and covered with short hair.
His eyes : bright and dark. They are medium in size and cut to look right in the face, giving them a very expressive look.
Its body : compact has a straight back, a supported kidney and slightly curved ribs.
Its tail : cut short enough, the Yorkshire Terrier carries it higher than the level of the back. This one is well furnished with hair.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Yorkshire Terrier is a dog of character , alert and endowed with a good intelligence. Affectionate and exuberant , he will be a wonderful companion dog. Devoted to his masters, he can however lose patience with overly playful children. However, one should not hide a very strong character, surly , sometimes stubborn and not very patient. Adapted for the elderly, he knows how to give voice to play as a real alarm dog in order to warn his owners in the event of intruders. His fragile dog appearance is just a decoy. He is a fierce rat hunter, a job for which he was selected.

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This dog of character and sometimes stubborn requires a certain firmness . You have to set limits for it. Few people dare to stand up to him because he has the physique of a cuddly dog. However, he needs an early and rigorous education to be able to control it. Behind its natural beauty hides a lively and determined dog.

His intelligence is both an asset and a disadvantage since he understands each situation and will try each time to emerge victorious. However, he adapts very easily to the lifestyle of his master whether he is athletic or not. They are dogs known for their ease of barking (alarm dog), so it will be necessary to linger if this phenomenon becomes annoying.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Yorkshire is above all a dog made to live in the city . It’s not a canine that needs to be outdoors all day long, on the contrary. It will be much better indoors , in its cozy nest or even to frolic to the right and to the left in an apartment . However, he should not be deprived of an outing. A daily walk intended above all for his needs must be safeguarded.

On this occasion, do not hesitate to put on a little coat. This is not necessarily for the cold, but above all to protect her dress from all dirt. If he is predisposed to living in an apartment , he will require a lot of outings in the garden. Be sure to protect her dress and the hairs that touch the ground to prevent external elements (dead leaves, branches, etc.) from getting caught in her hair.


Ease of gaining weight

Fairly strong, but like all small dogs, he is subject to some recurring physical troubles. Indeed, it is predisposed to joint problems and bone fragility especially in the cervical vertebrae and kneecaps . Finally, his teeth can also be a problem . From the age of 4, the Yorkshire Terrier can suffer from a dental malposition causing the appearance of a tartar plaque which can go as far as gingivitis or loosening.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 4 and 5 puppies.

Major concerns
Patella dislocation
Minor concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease
Congenital portosystemic shunt
Occasional concerns
Suggested tests

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Yorkshire Terrier dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Yorkshire Terrier is, on average, between 10 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Yorkshire Terrier!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

Its hair grows constantly (from 1 to 1.5 cm per month). Her long dress, if allowed to grow, is often prone to knotting . The absence of undercoat leaves the skin vulnerable to external aggressions such as rain, wind or pollution.

Monthly professional grooming is recommended. Indeed, the coat can measure 35 cm for a height of 20 cm at the withers and therefore the problem of knots is frequent. To prolong the effects of professional grooming and keep it silky and shiny , be sure to brush and comb it every day.

Its characteristic long, soft and silky coat requires weekly or even daily attention. Even if you keep it with short bristles, brush it almost daily . the   Yorkshire Terrier   is one of the few breeds that does not moult.

Brushing your teeth helps eliminate tartar buildup and the growth of bacteria. His nails are to be cut regularly. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian. The eyes and ears should be checked weekly to ensure that there are no dirt or traces of infection.

Price and budget

Purchase price

1000 €
1500 €

The purchase price of a Yorkshire Terrier is between € 1,000 and € 1,500.

Annual maintenance cost

800 €
850 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Yorkshire Terrier is between € 800 and € 850.

Name ideas for a Yorkshire Terrier


None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find your Yorkshire Terrier’s name!


To feed it, we prefer dry food (croquettes) of premium quality. In general, it is recommended to give the Yorkshire Terrier 40 grams of dry food per day and divided into 2 meals .

Be sure to take a type of kibble adapted to its small size and breed (if possible). Always refer to the recommendations indicated on the packet of industrial dry food. Be careful not to offer too many foods rich in fat, in fact Yorkshires can quickly gain weight due to their small size.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

By his lively, reckless character and contrary to appearances, this apartment dog needs to exercise regularly . He loves to play and is full of energy . Outings are therefore a great source of recreation for him. He can have fun with other dogs, but his pleasure remains to travel the world and discover the noises and smells that he encounters in large green spaces, for example.

Famous Yorkshire Terrier Dogs

Smoky : This female Yorkshire Terrier was adopted by Corporal William A. Wynne during WWII. The animal accompanied the soldier on the battlefield. One day, the little dog alerted her owner to the arrival of a danger: the two acolytes took shelter to escape a beating. Smoky thus saved William’s life.

The Yorkshire Terrier received 8 battle stars for his 12 fights in favor of the US Air Force . After the war, Smoky was a guest on television sets and made many visits to veterans in hospitals. Died in 1957 after 14 years of a very eventful life, she is today buried in Cleveland.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Article on shih tzus, chihuahuas, bichon and yorkshire terrier

Message from Toutourazzi

welsh terrier / AIREDALE TERRIER

Guest message

My yorkie

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Room N ° 5: the yorkshire

Message from loveasian

need advice for yorkie

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 3: Terriers

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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