Other names: Russian Greyhound, Russkaya Psovaya Borzaya, Borzoi

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The Borzoi, or Russian Greyhound, has 2 very distinct characters. It is a calm dog, calm, observant in family. When hunting, his slightly crazy temperament will take over. He becomes untenable, lively, alert and a very good runner. Its peaks can exceed 55 km / h. The Borzoi has an atypical and majestic physique. It looks great. It is not necessarily the ideal companion for children, with whom it will hardly ever play. On the other hand, he is very attentive to his owner, as long as he is treated with respect. Borzoi are not necessarily comfortable with strangers and other animals. It is therefore advisable to socialize him from an early age.



Photo: Borzoi dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Russia
Template Big
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 27 kg to 39 kg From 68 cm to 78 cm
Male From 34 kg to 47 kg From 75 cm to 85 cm
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History of the breed

Borzoi originates from Russia, where it has been present for over 900 years. It is said to be descended from wildlife, such as the Saluki and the Pharaoh Hound . This Russian Greyhound was a bit of a nobility dog, intended to catch game for the aristocrats and Russian culture. Thus, the Borzoi were notably present at the wedding of Anna, the daughter of Grand Duke of Kiev in the 11th century. The latter was escorted by 3 Borzoi when she married King Henry 1: a black, gray, tawny.

Christian von Lessing, in the 17th century, wrote a book in which we find first a physical description of the Borzoi. Then, the popularity of this dog is not insane, while in the 18th century, hunting with hounds in full swing in Russia.

However, Tsar Alexander II decided in 1861 to abolish serfdom. This causes a very significant regression of the breed. Maintenance becomes particularly expensive and Borzoi becomes more discreet, rarer. However, it is exported to England, France and the United States, which has allowed its conservation. All the more so since in 1917, the Russian Revolution ended the breed in its country of origin. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed in 1956.

Many Russian celebrities have owned Borzois, including Tsars Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, Nicholas II, and writers and poets Pushkin and Turgenev. It then gradually spread to Western Europe and America from the end of the 19th century. The race   was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale on January 13, 1956.

Borzoi Pictures

Photo of Iska, BorzoiPhoto of Iska, BorzoiPhoto by Nureyev, BorzoiPhoto of Lucky, BorzoiPhoto of Django, Borzoi

View all Borzoi photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His body : He has a lean body, but elongated. Her silhouette is graceful, harmonious. His thorax is particularly developed. It goes down to the elbows.
His hair : Neither too long nor too short. It is silky, wavy and shiny. The Borzoi’s hair is soft, light. It is abundant in the neck.
Its color : Many colors are accepted by the standards: white, white-fawn, white-brindle, white-black. Blue and brown are not tolerated.
His head : His head is long, narrow. It gives an impression of finesse thanks to an almost absent stop. Its muzzle is much longer than the skull.
His eyes : Almond-shaped, wide apart. They soften the Borzoi’s face.
His ears : The Borzoi has small thin ears, set high.
Its tail : Unlike the ears, the tail is set low, carried like a saber.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Borzoi is a very calm , balanced, sensitive and pleasant dog. When hunting, as soon as he sees the game, he is totally transformed: he becomes excited, impetuous and totally determined. His sight is remarkably efficient. He can sometimes be stubborn and not very interested in children. The Borzoi shows all the qualities of a good companion dog almost exclusively with its owner. Outside of hunting parties, he is calm, serious and will observe his environment more than he will act.

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Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

Cut to work and run, the Borzoi needs a teacher who is available and able to offer him regular physical activities. Even if he is discreet with his family and likes to spend time in the greatest tranquility, he will always prefer to enjoy large open spaces. Living in a house with a fenced garden is therefore more suitable for him than living in the city in an apartment.


Ease of gaining weight

The Borzoi is a robust healthy dog . However, he sometimes suffers from digestive problems . He therefore needs quality food. In addition, hip dysplasia is a common pathology in this great athlete. Relatively early screening is recommended in order to limit the development of osteoarthritis . Finally, like all Greyhounds, Borzoi is prone to eye conditions, including Borzoi retinopathy.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 1 and 11 puppies

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Borzoi dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 12 years

The life expectancy of a Borzoi is, on average, between 10 years and 12 years.

Calculate the human age of your Borzoi!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Borzoi is subject to an annual moult giving rise to fairly significant hair loss . Regular brushing of her dress is essential for maintaining its natural beauty and elegance, as is its cleanliness. His ears should also be inspected frequently to prevent debris deposits and infection.

It is recommended to brush the dog 2-3 times a week . During the moult, brushing becomes daily.

Price and budget

Purchase price

800 €
1300 €

The purchase price of a Borzoi is between 800 € and 1300 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1,800
€ 1900

The annual maintenance cost of a Borzoi is between € 1,800 and € 1,900.

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The Borzoi is not necessarily a big eater. Its balanced diet should consist mainly of human food . Thus, it can be given slightly fatty meat, rice or pasta as well as fresh vegetables. Osteoarthritis developed during his life requires a high intake of calcium and phosphorus .

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

He needs a lot of exercise to burn off . He needs to run at full speed and for good distances. He was born for running and tracking, so he can’t sit idle for too long.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 10: Greyhounds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1956


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