Caucasian Shepherd

Other names: Central Asia Shepherd Dog, Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Kavkazkaïa Ovtcharka

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Photo: Caucasian Shepherd dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Russia
Template Giant
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 45 kg to 100 kg From 64 cm to 70 cm
Male From 50 kg to 100 kg From 68 cm to 75 cm
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History of the breed

Descended from the ancient Caucasian dogs, the Caucasian Shepherd was traditionally employed by Russians and residents of surrounding areas to guide and protect their flocks. He was also responsible for guarding their homes and protecting their families. His physical strength, endurance and ability to withstand difficult climatic conditions quickly enabled him to establish himself in this dual role. The selection of the breed began in the former USSR from the 1920s. The Caucasian Shepherd is quite rare in France, which explains its high price. The breed standard was established in 1985.

Caucasian Shepherd Photos

Photo of Ounja, Caucasian Shepherd

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Physical features

Its coat: there are 3 varieties including the long, mid-long and short. The most common is straight, long, coarse in texture, with a strongly developed undercoat.
Its color: uniform, magpie or spotted. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog can be gray, red, straw, reddish brown, or white.
His head: large, broad and massive. The forehead is almost flat, the superciliary arches are marked, but not deep. The stop is visible, but not clearly marked.
His ears: triangular in shape, thick and medium in size. Set high and wide apart, hanging down, with the inner side lying against the cheek.
His eyes: oval, medium in size, set obliquely and set apart. Brown in color in various shades ranging from nutty to dark.
His body: large (can be written in a rectangle), muscular and well proportioned. The withers are moderately long, the back straight and broad, the loins short and broad, the chest high and well arched.
Its tail: Set high, carried above the line of the back in activity and downwards at rest.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Caucasian Shepherd is a dog with a balanced character , specifically cut for guard and defense . He is endowed with great courage and exceptional responsiveness , in addition to his dissuasive stature. All these qualities associated with his infallible attachment to his master make the Caucasian Shepherd a born protector . It is nonetheless a calm and pleasant pet if it has received a good education. He is loyal, calm and very measured . He is often alert and on the lookout.

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His calm temperament hides impressive defensive and offensive faculties. If he has no other choice, the Caucasian Shepherd can make use of his powerful bite, even if he prefers mostly to kick paws during clashes. Therefore, this type of dog must be educated in a balanced and firm manner from an early age .

Rather, it is intended for an active and experienced master. It is not necessarily recommended for beginners. Indeed, you have to have a little experience behind. Socializing them remains essential to lower their level of mistrust . Thus, it should be exposed to different environments and to different people and animals.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is made to live in a rural or mountain environment , and much less in the city. He is happier in the midst of large open expanses which allow him the possibility of evolving freely and observing his environment. Apartment life is not ideal for this large dog. A house with a large fenced garden would suit him better.


Ease of gaining weight

The Caucasian Shepherd is a dog that does not present specific health problems specific to the breed. In addition, its fur and its origins give it impeccable robustness in terms of temperature variations , which it supports easily. On the other hand, because of its corpulence, it can be subject to risks at the level of the joints of the heart .

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 5 and 11 puppies

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Caucasian Shepherd dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 11 years

The life expectancy of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog is, on average, between 10 years and 11 years.

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

In the Caucasian Shepherd, you should generally expect 2 moults per year , with hair loss that can be significant. Its fairly thick coat requires regular maintenance to stay clean and provide effective protection for the dog. Maintenance depends on the variety of the Caucasian Shepherd. Those with a long coat will need to be brushed several times a week to avoid the formation of knots.

It is recommended to brush the dog at least every week , especially during the molts. The oral hygiene of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is important. Do not hesitate to brush the teeth of this canine regularly to avoid any deposit of tartar . In addition, monitoring is required at the level of the ears and eyes. Cleaning should be done quite often.

Price and budget

Purchase price

€ 1300
1500 €

The purchase price of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog is between € 1300 and € 1500.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1950
2050 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog is between 1950 € and 2050 €.

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The Caucasian Shepherd Dog tends to gain weight easily. In fact, it needs a rapid supply of protein and calcium, without overfeeding it. Like many large dogs, the Ovtcharka is prone to stomach twists. It is therefore advisable not to make him exercise before and after his rations.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

Naturally calm, the Caucasian Shepherd, however, needs to benefit from daily activities and walks . He is not necessarily very energetic. Only long walks are sufficient for him. He must especially exert himself to avoid obesity.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1984


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