Continental Dwarf Spaniel

Other names: Papillon Spaniel, Phalène Spaniel, Continental Toy Spaniel

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The Continental Miniature Spaniel is a robust dog despite its small size. This little spaniel is harmoniously structured, slightly longer in length than in height. Giving an impression of liveliness and grace, the Papillon Spaniel exudes great pride by its easy pace and distinguished gait. There are 2 varieties of the Continental Miniature Spaniel: the butterfly (straight ears) and the moth (floppy ears).



Photo: Continental Miniature Spaniel dog on Woopets
Hair type Long
Origin France, Belgium
Template Small
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 1 kg to 5 kg From 27 cm to 28 cm
Male From 1 kg to 4 kg From 27 cm to 28 cm
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History of the breed

The first references to the Continental Miniature Spaniel breed date back to medieval times. It would have been produced by reducing the dimensions of the Hunting Spaniel. Its close cousin, the Phalène variety , is even older. The Papillon Spaniel seems to have been developed towards the end of the 19th century . It was particularly popular with well-to-do families and royal courts. The breed was definitively recognized by the FCI on January 1, 1954.

Spagneul Nain Continental Pictures

Photo of Delka, Spagneul Nain ContinentalPhoto of Nanouchka, Spagneul Nain ContinentalPhoto of Bambou, Spagneul Nain ContinentalPhoto of Lolita, Continental Miniature SpanielPhoto of Chayili-Shanna from La Lune de Cristal, Continental Miniature SpanielPhoto of Aïko, Spagneul Nain Continental

See all Spagneul Nain Continental photos of Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: long, abundant, shiny, wavy without being curly, slightly resistant and planted flat. Short across the face, muzzle, front of legs and underside of hock.
Its color: white background associated with any color. White should remain dominant all over the body except the head.
Its head: round, expressive, lighter and shorter in proportion than in large and medium spaniels. The stop is quite steep.
His ears: set back on the head, set wide apart (enough to show the roundness of the head). Carried straight, trimmed with fringes, the conch well open and turned upside down, which evokes the shape of the open wings of a butterfly.
His eyes: large, wide, almond shaped, low set and dark in color.
His body: top line neither short, nor too arched, without being flat, solid and moderately arched loins, broad and fairly deep chest, lower line slightly raised.
Its tail: long, well trimmed with fringes, set high, carried high when the dog is awake. Never rolled up or lying flat on your back.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Continental Miniature Spaniel is characterized by its great vivacity, its extraordinary joie de vivre and its constant search for expressions of affection. Extremely attached to his master , he is an excellent companion dog who is distinguished by his gentleness and tenderness, but also by his mischievous and rather funny side . He is, moreover, quite discreet: he is not a great barker, nor good at guarding, even if certain subjects can turn out to be quite good warnings. What is sought after in the Continental Miniature Spaniel is above all its kindness and cheerfulness.

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For this kind of dog, it is recommended to give him an education that is both firm and gentle. One can, indeed, want to spoil him, so much he knows how to use his charm and his sweetness . On the contrary, it is advisable to show him the limits early enough for him to be a very good companion, pleasant and docile. He is a dog who adapts very easily to all kinds of situations.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

Clean, discreet, calm and small in size, the Continental Miniature Spaniel is perfectly suited to apartment living. An urban environment therefore suits him just as much as a country living environment. It is suitable for all kinds of masters, especially the elderly that it helps to fight loneliness.


Ease of gaining weight

The small size of the Continental Miniature Spaniel is deceptive: it is a fairly healthy little dog. It also benefits from a good life expectancy. However, he is afraid of hot weather and can be prone to certain ear ailments if his ears are neglected.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 4 puppies

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends insurance for Spagneul Nain Continental dog .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Continental Miniature Spaniel is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Continental Miniature Spaniel!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Continental Miniature Spaniel remains subject to an annual moult , but this dog requires little maintenance despite its abundant coat. It is easy to clean and is not particularly odorous.

It is recommended to brush the dog 2 to 3 times a week outside the moulting periods and every day during these.

Price and budget

Purchase price

800 €
1300 €

The purchase price of a Continental Miniature Spaniel is between € 800 and € 1300.

Annual maintenance cost


The annual maintenance cost of a Continental Miniature Spaniel is between NC and NC.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Continental Miniature Spaniel appreciates daily walks and the opportunity to indulge in some exercise. Rather gifted for the obstacle course, he adores agility events and games in the company of his master.


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Can the butterfly continental dwarf spaniel be left alone during the day?

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Continental bulldog

Message from Pauline Blanchemanche

Continental Bulldog Food Choice

Message from pinpin deois

SAM, Brittany spaniel in danger of death in beziers, urgent !!!!!!!!!!!!!

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My spaniel spends the day with his nose in the snow.

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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