Greenland dog

Other names: Greenlander, Greenland Eskimo Dog, Inuit Dog, Greenland Dog

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The Greenland Dog is a large, vigorous Polar Spitz with a strong build and built for endurance. He has the reputation of an excellent sled dog, resistant and enduring the harsh conditions of the Arctic.



Photo: Greenland Dog breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Long
Origin Greenland, Denmark
Template Big
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 30 kg to 35 kg From 50 cm to 60 cm
Male From 32 kg to 38 kg From 56 cm to 65 cm
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History of the breed

The Greenland Dog is one of the oldest dog breeds. Its origin goes back, in fact, to 4 or 5 millennia . T raditionally bred and used by the Inuit , it was also popular with the first Vikings who arrived in Greenland, who in turn employed it. From the start, the Greenland Dog was able to be appreciated for his strength, his determination, his confidence and his remarkable endurance. Today, it is difficult to find Greenland Dogs in France, as their number is very limited.

Greenland Dog Pictures

Photo of Malik, Greenland DogPhoto of Donatello, Greenland Dog

View all Greenland Dog photos of Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: straight, rough, neither curly nor wavy, runs at the level of the head and the legs, longer and denser on the rest of the body. Combined with a soft and dense undercoat, the whole gives it excellent protection against the cold and harshness of the Arctic.
Its color: all solid and combined colors, except albino and merle marks.
His head: the skull is broad, especially between the ears, and slightly domed. The stop is pronounced without being abrupt.
Its ears: small in size, triangular in shape, with rounded endings, well erected and with very lively pavilions.
His eyes: placed at an angle, displaying a determined and confident expression, dark in color and in keeping with that of the dog’s coat.
Its body: robust, compact, slightly longer than the height at the withers. The top line is horizontal, the back is straight, the kidney wide, the croup slightly oblique, the chest well let down and broad, the bottom line slightly raised.
Its tail: covered with a longer hair on the underside giving it a bushy appearance. Tied high, thick, carried in an arch or slightly rolled up on the back.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Greenland Dog is an energetic , mentally strong and bold dog. He is enthusiastic and enduring in his favorite role, that of sled dog . The Greenland Dog is generally friendly towards humans , including strangers, which makes them a poor watchdog. He has, moreover, preserved a rather pronounced hunting instinct towards polar animals, mainly polar bears and seals. In addition to being very independent , he may have a tendency to confront his peers.

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The Greenland Dog is not easy to train , especially because of its independent character. It needs to be socialized very early on . He is primarily a sled dog and therefore asks to be treated as such, without seeking to make him a guard or pleasure dog.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Greenland Dog has difficulty adapting to temperate climates. He needs a teacher who is available and active , who is able to offer him enough exercise in the great outdoors, but also to ensure him a good education. He is not a house dog . He will prefer to evolve in a large garden.


Ease of gaining weight

The Greenland Dog is particularly strong and resistant . It supports extreme cold very well. There is no predisposition to any congenital disease in this hardy and primitive breed.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 4 and 6 puppies

Major concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Gastric torsion

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Greenland Dog dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Greenland Dog is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Calculate the human age of your Greenland Dog!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Greenland Dog remains subject to seasonal moulting resulting in fairly significant hair loss. For the rest, its maintenance is not tedious .

It is recommended to brush the dog once a week . During the moult regular weeding is necessary to rid its generous coat of dead hairs. Its legs should be examined after the effort in order to detect any lesions that could hinder its course.

Her teeth need to be brushed regularly to eliminate tartar build-up and the proliferation of bacteria. Finally, if they do not wear out naturally, its claws need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian or groomer.

Price and budget

Purchase price

900 €
€ 1,100

The purchase price of a Greenland Dog is between 900 € and 1100 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 450
650 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Greenland Dog is between 450 € and 650 €.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Greenland Dog!


The Greenland Dog needs a diet rich in protein , which must be adapted to its level of physical activity, size and age.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Greenland Dog needs a lot of exercise to get active. He gets bored pretty quickly if he doesn’t have the opportunity to run and work.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(UKC) United Kennel Club
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 5: Spitz-type and primitive-type dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1967


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