Mexican hairless dog

Other names: Xoloitzcuintle, Xolo, Perro sin Pelo Mexicano, Mexican Hairless Dog

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The Mexican Hairless Dog is a primitive type dog, small to medium in size, since there are 3: standard, intermediate and miniature. Slender, elegant, and moderate in every aspect, the Mexican Hairless Dog’s body is well-proportioned and its lines are well defined. Its general appearance gives off an impression of speed and force, but without apparent coarseness. There are 2 varieties: the one totally devoid of hair (or having very little) and the one with a light coat. The first is also differentiated from the other by its incomplete dentition.



Photo: Mexican Hairless Dog breed dog on Woopets

Hypoallergenic breed Hypoallergenic breed

Hair type Short
Origin Mexico
Template Small
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 3 kg to 18 kg From 25 cm to 55 cm
Male From 3 kg to 18 kg From 25 cm to 55 cm
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History of the breed

The race of   Mexican hairless dog   is very old, primitive , Man having had very little influence on its evolution. During the pre-Hispanic era, the natives of Mexico ate the flesh , especially during ritual ceremonies, because they believed that this dog was related to Xolotl , a deity whose name is at the origin of his own. For this reason, the breed’s numbers have declined dramatically, until it comes to the brink of extinction. Since 1940, the Federacion Canofila Mexicana (Mexican dog federation has strived to ensure its sustainability.

The breed of the Mexican Hairless Dog was definitively recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) on November 6, 1961. Its official FCI standard in force was published on October 8, 2012.

Pictures of Mexican Hairless Dog

Photo of Punkie, Mexican Hairless DogPhoto of Brenda, Mexican Hairless Dog

See all Mexican Hairless Dog photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: totally or almost absent in the naked variety, with soft and elastic skin. Short, flat and present all over the body in the coat variety, but without undercoat.
Its color: uniform and dark (gray to black, passing through red, liver or bronze) in the variety with robe. The skin is dark in color also in the naked variety, possibly with white markings.
His head: lupoid type. The skull is broad, strong and wedge-shaped. Seen from the front, it is ample and elegant, tapering towards the muzzle and with an ill-defined occipital protuberance. The planes of the skull and the muzzle are almost parallel. The stop is light, but well defined. The truffle is dark, brown or pink in color. The lips are tight, the cheeks moderately developed and the jaws strong.
His ears: long, wide, not very thick and rather mobile.
His eyes: medium in size, almond shaped, displaying an alert and very intelligent expression.
His body: built strongly and harmoniously. The top line is perfectly straight, the back short, strong and firm, the loins strong and muscular, the croup slightly convex with an inclination of about 40 degrees, the chest long and deep, going down to the elbows, the ribs well sprung but not overly. The bottom line and the belly form a graceful line, the abdomen is muscular and slightly raised.
Its tail: long, thin and ending in a point. Hanging with a slight curve when the dog is at rest, carried curved upwards when in motion, but without touching the back.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

the   Mexican Hairless Dog is a calm, cheerful, intelligent and never aggressive dog, which makes them an excellent companion . He is also a good alert dog, as he is naturally attentive and wary of strangers.

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The Mexican Hairless Dog is educated in a gentle way , without any form of brutality and with patience. It needs to be taken in hand early, while benefiting from quality socialization . Positive reinforcement methods are particularly suitable for shaping the behavior of this intelligent dog.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   Mexican hairless dog adapts perfectly to city life and especially in an apartment , because it requires little space and is very discreet. But it is always better to let him enjoy a large fenced garden.


Ease of gaining weight

the   Mexican hairless dog   is a vigorous and healthy dog. The lack of hair makes it more sensitive to difficult climatic conditions.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 3 to 7 puppies

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Mexican Hairless Dog dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 14 years old

Maximum: 16 years

The life expectancy of a Mexican Hairless Dog is, on average, between 14 years and 16 years.

Calculate the human age of your Mexican Hairless Dog!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

the   Mexican hairless dog   requires little maintenance , most of which focuses on the skin, which must receive regular care.

It is recommended to wash the dog regularly , but at a reasonable frequency. We generally recommend a bath every 2 months , or even monthly, with a suitable shampoo. Her skin should also be moisturized regularly with a cream rather than an oily solution.

His teeth need to be brushed frequently to remove tartar build-up and the proliferation of bacteria. If they do not wear out naturally, its claws need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian or groomer.

Price and budget

Purchase price

1000 €
1500 €

The purchase price of a Mexican Hairless Dog is between 1000 € and 1500 €.

Annual maintenance cost

250 €
500 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Mexican Hairless Dog is between € 250 and € 500.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Mexican Hairless Dog!


Classic grade processed food is suitable for the Mexican Hairless Dog. Their diet should be divided into 2 meals a day and must be adapted to their level of physical activity, their size and their age .

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

the   Mexican hairless dog   only needs moderate activity . However, he should not be deprived of his daily outings, which are very important for his physical, mental and emotional balance.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(UKC) United Kennel Club
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 5: Spitz-type and primitive-type dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1961


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