Other names: Pekingese Spaniel, Peking Spaniel, Pekingese

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The Pekingese, or Pekingese Spaniel, is a small dog, short on legs, with a moderately stocky silhouette and leonine appearance (reminiscent of the lion). He exudes an expression of intelligence and liveliness. Dignity and nobility also characterize its appearance. The Pekingese is not a dog for all families. He is not necessarily very comfortable in the company of children. Its little need for energy expenditure is ideal for the elderly. He is gentle and calm with his master, more alert and wary with strangers. Its maintenance is not very complicated even if it is necessary to take care of several aspects for a healthy life.



Photo: Pekingese dog on Woopets
Hair type Long
Origin China
Template Small
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 3 kg to 5 kg From 14 cm to 24 cm
Male From 3 kg to 5 kg From 15 cm to 25 cm
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History of the breed

The Pekingese breed is very old. As its name suggests, it is of Chinese origin and very quickly had a sacred character with the imperial court in China . Stealing, mistreating or killing one of these dogs was then punishable by the death penalty, which is to say the value that the animal had in the eyes of the Chinese at that time.

However, Pekingese were stolen after the looting of the Summer Palace in October 1860 by British military troops during the Second Opium War. Some of these dogs were taken to England. It landed on English soil and was offered to Queen Victoria, the Duchess of Wellington and the Duchess of Richmond. Today he is still very popular and considered a very good companion dog. The official current standard of the breed was published on March 26, 2009.

Pekingese Pictures

Photo of Chanel, PekingesePhoto of Patchi, PekingesePhoto of Murphy, PekingesePhoto of Amy, PekingesePhoto of Lilo, PekingesePhoto of Lady, Pekingese

View all Pekingese photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His coat: moderately long and straight, without being excessively profuse. Full on the ears, limbs, tail and feet, with a mane that should not go beyond the shoulders. The outer coat is harsher than the undercoat, which is both thick and soft.
Its color: all dresses are admitted, with the exception of liver brown and albino.
His head: quite strong, rather broad than high. The skull is moderately broad, not domed, flat between the ears and broad between the eyes. The stop is marked.
His ears: shaped like a heart, they have long and abundant fringes, attached at the level of the skull and worn against the head.
His eyes: round, shiny and dark.
His body: short, the top is horizontal, the chest is wide and the ribs arched.
Its tail: with long fringes, set high, slightly curved on the back.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Pekingese is an intelligent and loyal little companion dog. Very attached to his master , he is much more distant with strangers . Do not be fooled by his small size: the Pekingese are extremely valiant and courageous. He remains a very good alarm dog who will bark energetically at the slightest intrusion. Obedience is not his strong point, but this aspect can be compensated by a good education. The Pekingese is not to be put in the hands of all families. Indeed, he does not really support children, for whom he has no particular affection. Thus, it will surely be more suitable for a couple without children as well as for single people and the elderly.

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The Pekingese having a very strong character , his education must be firm , but without balance of power. It is essential to impose a healthy hierarchy on him and to develop his self-confidence through positive reinforcement. One can easily be tempted to spoil him, because he knows very well how to use his charm to ask for more treats. You must absolutely avoid giving in to its charm or you risk promoting negative behavior.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Pekingese is clearly an indoor dog . Despite his dress provided, he does not support bad weather conditions and outdoor life in general. It adapts perfectly to the urban environment and requires a master who is at the same time attentive, firm and available for its maintenance. Ideal for the elderly for example. Pekingese are not necessarily made to live in the countryside . Having an outside is not at all compulsory for this canine who likes it as long as it has a basket and a warm corner to rest . He does not need to be outdoors regularly to thrive, as long as his master is not far away.


Ease of gaining weight

It is especially the eyes of the Pekingese that are to be watched . They are, in fact, quite fragile and particularly sensitive to dirt. It is recommended to inspect and clean them daily to prevent eye damage. In females, the main concern is parturition : this is often accompanied by problems and a cesarean section is necessary in many cases. The Pekingese is also experiencing problems with his teeth. It is advisable to brush his teeth regularly to prevent them from going away prematurely.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 4 puppies

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends insurance for Pekingese dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 13 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Pekingese is, on average, between 13 years and 15 years.

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Pekingese have a moderately long coat and can therefore lose a lot of hair during the moult , especially in spring. This dog shines a regular and thorough maintenance , because its supplied hair can contain dirt collected during the walks.

Brushing and maintenance of the dog should be daily , as its hair can easily get dirty. His teeth need to be cleaned on a regular basis. Otherwise, they may deteriorate quite quickly and fall off prematurely. It is necessary to cut its claws short and to clean its ears regularly. Do not hesitate to clean his ears to avoid parasites and the development of infections.

Price and budget

Purchase price

900 €
1400 €

The purchase price of a Pekingese is between 900 € and 1400 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 850
900 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Pekingese is between 850 € and 900 €.

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Pekingese tend to gain weight easily. To fight against obesity which would have serious consequences on his health, it is recommended to give him a diet adapted to his morphology. It will be based on high quality croquettes that will meet all its needs. Approaching a veterinarian to define the dose of his ration may be desirable.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Pekingese does not need long walks . His outings often boil down to a few minutes of walking around his place of life. On the other hand, he will always be delighted to be able to play : it is therefore necessary to offer him enough play activities inside.


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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Pekingese grooming

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1966


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