everyone knows that trace elements are essential to any organism. Our dog’s diet must ensure that they have enough intake to keep healthy. However, what are these trace elements? How important are they to a dog’s body? What trace elements does it need and what functions do they have? This is what we will see together in this article, as well as the consequences of defects and excesses.
iron copper calcium phosphorus zinc chromium iodine magnesium manganese potassium selenium
is simple and clear, Trace elements are mineral salts required for the normal operation of organisms, but they must exist in a small amount. Excessive defects can lead to more or less health problems in dogs. The following are the essential trace elements for our four legged companions, their functions and the food containing them.
the importance of iron to hemoglobin is well known. This trace element is also important for muscle myoglobin and cell activity. It is transported to plasma and stored in organs, mainly the liver.
deficiency: anemia, heart disease, lack of energy. Excessive: hemochromatosis (rare in dogs) with fatigue and joint problems. Source: viscera, meat, Cereals, cooked spinach (avoid if dogs have kidney disease), mung beans. Copper
without copper, iron can not be fully absorbed by the dog’s body. At the same time, it is also involved in combating cell aging, synthesizing neurotransmitters and forming animal connective tissue. Excessive: accelerate cell aging. Source: visceral, meat and fish calcium
calcium is of course necessary for bone and tooth health. It is also involved in protein and fat metabolism and contributes to muscle activity.
deficiency: weak bone and muscle pain. Excessive: calcification. Source: bone, eggshell, water celery. Phosphorus
calcium can not be used by the dog’s body. In addition to vitamin D, there is phosphorus. The latter also promotes the digestion of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Excessive: weak bone. Source: meat, fish, cereals. Zinc
participates in the blood transport of vitamin A and supports the dog’s immune system. Zinc also contributes to the synthesis of collagen and keratin. Therefore, it is essential to maintain healthy skin and high-quality hair.
receives suggestions from woopets through registered newsletter. I register your email address collected by woopets so that you can receive our news and business offers. Learn more about deficiency: skin damage, excessive depilation: increased oxidative stress, source of urinary system diseases: meat, poultry, eggs, chromium
, because it promotes the production of insulin. Chromium is a key trace element in carbohydrate digestion. Because of it, fat is also used more effectively by the body. Therefore, it helps to regulate blood glucose and prevent diabetes and cardiovascular disease in dogs.
deficiency: diabetes, hypoglycemia and hypercholesterolemia. Overdose: so far, no studies have shown the risk of excessive chromium in dogs. Source: meat, viscera, beer yeast, egg yolkegg. Iodine
thyroid needs iodine. This is also the main role of this trace element in dogs.
defect: thyroid disease. Excess: it will also interfere with thyroid function. Source: fish and algae. Magnesium
magnesium is very important for the nervous system, muscle activity and bone structure of dogs. It helps prevent crystallization and even calcium oxalate stones.
deficiency: nervous system diseases, sleep disorders.
excess: rare, but may lead to hypotension, diarrhea and vomiting.
source: meat, fish and bone.
Essential for bone and cartilage, this trace element should never be lost in dogs. It is also important for older dogs.
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defect: bone deformity. Excessive: neurological disorders, skin problems (hair concentration). Source: grains, fruits. Potassium
potassium is involved in muscle and heart activities, as well as the nervous and hormonal system.
deficiency: muscle weakness, hormonal disorder, hypertension. Excessive: arrhythmia, kidney problems. Source: meat, fish, beans. Selenium
contains vitamin E, and selenium has important antioxidant function. It helps prevent inflammatory diseases. Excessive: rare in dogs. Skin problems, hair problems, fatigue. Source: meat, offal, seafood