Other names: Newfoundland dog, Newfoundland, Newfie

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The Newfoundland under its gentle and calm gait hides treasures of courage and an impressive capacity for work. Exceptionally strong, he is active and hardworking, but not restless when he has nothing to do. It has the characteristic of having webbed feet which allow it to be an outstanding swimmer. The Newfoundland is a dog that perfectly meets the expectations of a family. He is overflowing with love, he is gentle, calm, shows unfailing generosity, does not bark much. He is protective, loyal and faithful. He is never aggressive and would give his life for that of his master. He is in very good health, is not very difficult to educate and is not difficult on a daily basis.



Photo: Newfoundland dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Canada
Template Giant
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 50 kg to 60 kg From 66 cm to 69 cm
Male From 60 kg to 70 kg From 68 cm to 71 cm
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History of the breed

Newfoundland owes its name to the island Newfoundland in Canada , but its origin is rather unclear . Born on the American continent, it would be a crossbreed between indigenous dogs and the great black bear dog introduced by the Vikings in the 12th century.

The arrival of European fishermen and in particular the English cod fishermen in the 16th century, which brought him some specimens on their boats, have helped shape the breed. It was first used by fishermen to whom he brought back the heavy nets of fish. He was then used as a draft dog, shepherd, hunting or guard, and was even postman in 1880 on his island of origin. He is now a companion and aquatic rescue dog.

The first breed standard was established in 1923 and the current one, dating from 1996, is under Canadian responsibility.

Newfoundland Pictures

Photo of Capie and Hercules, NewfoundlandPhoto of idol, NewfoundlandPhoto of ulis, NewfoundlandPhoto of Corrigan, NewfoundlandPhoto of Doudou, NewfoundlandPhoto of Spart, Newfoundland

View all Newfoundland photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair : double with a mid-length cover. It is thick, oily, and flat. The undercoat is dense. The whole forms a cold-resistant and waterproof barrier. On the head, the hair is short and fine.
Its color : 3 colors are allowed according to the standards (French, American or Canadian). The black and the brown which can be chocolate or bronze. The third color is the two-tone white and black.
Its head : is broad and massive. It has a fairly rounded top. The muzzle is short and neatly cut, quite square in shape.
His ears : small and triangular. They are set at a right angle, well behind the crown of the head. They descend to the sides of the skull.
His eyes : dark brown in color and small. They are rather apart from each other, but well embedded.
His body : solid with ribs well out, a broad back and strong and muscular loins. The chest is deep and wide.
Its tail : is of medium length, strong and broad at the base. At rest, it hangs down and curls slightly at its end. When the Newfoundland is active she gets up and when excited she sits horizontal with a slight curvature at the tip.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The main qualities of the Newfoundland are courage and great capacity for work . He is a dog with tremendous strength . It is not for nothing that it is often used as a rescue dog. He is still active with impressive stamina . He also has webbed feet , which is advantageous in the water when swimming. It is a canine of great gentleness , very loyal and loyal .

He is dignified and particularly docile . He is unfazed, calm and always shows a good mood . He is naturally happy . He knows how to understand his master, from whom he cannot be separated. He doesn’t like loneliness. He greatly appreciates the company of children, whom he will supervise and with whom he will play. Its imposing stature impresses and can dissuade. However, he is never aggressive , even with strangers whom he will simply be wary of. He is also at ease with fellow creatures.

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Newfoundland, because of its size, requires serious education . He has a strong personality and exceptional sensitivity . We must therefore not confuse training and education at the risk of blocking it. It doesn’t lend itself to good-hearted obedience exercises, so it’s a matter of staying very positive . His fiery youth implies instilling in him rules of decorum very quickly. His intelligence and his desire to please his master are important assets that should be taken advantage of.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The ideal for him is a house with a park and a pond . That said, he adapts to everything, even in an apartment, because he knows how to stay quiet. Of course, in this case, it will have to be taken out very regularly, otherwise it will be very unhappy. The well educated Newfoundland is very kind to children and other animals. He can therefore live with his family to the delight of everyone. He must be able to run when he wants to, because he needs to exercise. Between each outing, he must be present with his master.


Ease of gaining weight

Newfoundland is in particularly strong health . He only knows one disease typical of large dogs: hip and elbow dysplasia . Thus, it is advisable to moderate his efforts and his physical activity in the first years of his life. Because of his double blanket, he is quite sensitive to heatstroke . In summer, it would be wise not to expose it to the sun for too long. In addition, because of his numerous dives in water, it is necessary to monitor his ear canals , frequently affected by ear infections or infection of this kind. Regular cleaning helps prevent them.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 4 and 12 puppies

Major concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Gastric torsion
Minor concerns
Addison’s disease
Subvalvular aortic stenosis
Occasional concerns
Cruciate ligament rupture
Suggested tests

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Newfoundland dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 8 years

Maximum: 10 years

The life expectancy of a Newfoundland is, on average, between 8 years and 10 years.

Calculate the human age of your Newfoundland!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Newfoundland moults twice a year , in the spring and in the fall. During this period, you can use a straight-tipped weeder. If the dog lives outdoors, the spring molt is impressive.

As its fur tends to tangle easily, the Newfoundland requires brushing at least twice a week . It may be necessary to trim the excess hair in the ears for his well-being. After each swim in the sea, it should be rinsed properly. To keep the waterproof qualities of its coat intact, it should not be shampooed. Frequent baths are not necessary .

His eyes and ears should be checked regularly to make sure there is no trace of dirt or any infection. The ears should be cleaned with cotton soaked in an ear cleaner for dogs with a neutral pH. If he does not wear them out naturally, his nails have to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian. Finally, to eliminate the build-up of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria, his teeth should be brushed on a regular basis.

Price and budget

Purchase price

€ 1,100
1600 €

The purchase price of a Newfoundland is between € 1,100 and € 1,600.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1,800
2300 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Newfoundland is between € 1,800 and € 2,300.

Name ideas for a Newfoundland

Teddy bear

None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find the name of your Newfoundland!


Newfoundland must always have water available . Regarding his diet , industrial food is best suited to his size and needs. Thus, it is necessary to opt for high quality croquettes to be given in one to 2 sufficient rations according to the daily energy expenditure of the Newfoundland.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Newfoundland is a bon vivant who loves the great outdoors and needs to exercise daily. Above all, he loves to swim . Swimming will allow him to work his muscles. A master who can offer him walks along rivers , ponds or the sea will make him happy. Happy, he will also enjoy sharing a few outdoor play sessions with his owner.

His physical skills and intelligence make him excel in certain dog sports, such as agility or tracking.

Famous Newfoundland dogs

Bilbo : This is the name of England’s most famous coastguard. The Newfoundland is owned by Steve Jamieson , a British lifeguard. The animal is known for its incredible swimming qualities and its natural propensity to ensure the safety of bathers. Since 2006, he has saved 3 people from drowning. It also deters swimmers from venturing too far or into rough waters.

Seaman : This is Captain Meriwether Lewis’ Newfoundland. The dog took part in the famous Lewis and Clark expedition . Known to be very intelligent and loyal, he also helped team members capture animals.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum


Message from pouguy

Bernese Mountain Dog, Newfoundland … in the tropics

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What condition to have to have a new earth

Message from Jack Potio

Why is my dog rubbing his muzzle on the ground?

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My dog loves potatoes

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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