Other names: Berger de Beauce, Bas-Rouge, Beauce Shepherd

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Photo: Beauceron dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin France
Template Big
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 30 kg to 40 kg From 61 cm to 68 cm
Male From 30 kg to 48 kg From 65 cm to 70 cm
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Beauceron to adopt

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History of the breed

The Beauceron began to be considered as a race from the late 19th century. We can date their first official appearance in 1896, during a dog show . It was at this time that this name, as well as those of Chien de Beauce and Bas-Rouge, began to be used. They denoted French sheepdogs of the same type which presented a short face, a hard and short coat and cropped ears. This breed is the result of a selection made by shepherds who fed only the dogs most suited to the work of driving and guarding herds, leaving the others to wither.

Beauceron Pictures

Photo of Belle, BeauceronPhoto of Donatello, BeauceronPhoto by blacky, BeauceronPhoto by Bonny, BeauceronPhoto of Laïka, BeauceronPhoto by Sam, Beauceron

See all Beauceron photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair : short, thick and hard. It is close to the head and 3 or 4 centimeters across the rest of the body. The hair is fringed on the buttocks and below the tail.
Its color : There are two varieties of Beauceron. Bas-Rouge, mostly black, with tan markings distributed on the underside of the muzzle, body and at the base of the legs. The Harlequin Beauceron has the same distribution of tan markings, but its coat is made up of equal parts of gray and black spots.
His head : long and well chiseled. The skull (flat or slightly rounded) is the same length as the muzzle.
His ears : high placed, they are semi erect or drooping, flat and short. They point slightly forward.
His eyes : horizontal, a little oval and dark.
His body : slightly longer than high. Imposing dog, muscular, but not heavy, the withers are well marked, the chest is high, broad and long.
Its tail : left whole, carried low. It goes down at least to the point of the hock.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Beauceron is a wise and bold dog. His shepherd dog heritage has made him a tough, powerful and work-loving animal. These qualities coupled with his intelligence make him very versatile. It can be used for guarding, defense or utility tasks. He keeps the family home like no one else. He is also an excellent companion dog, with great loyalty to a master who has earned his respect and trust. He barks little or little, only when necessary. He is dissuasive , but shows great sensitivity with his adoptive family. Bold and frank , he has a sense of responsibility.

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The education of the Beauceron can be long and the master must know how to be firm. The education given to Beauceron must be strict, but also gentle . From an early age, he must be socialized , in particular to accept the presence of other animals on his territory. The Beauceron will not hesitate to refuse the orders if the person giving them has not succeeded in gaining his respect and his trust. This is why it will be necessary to educate this dog with great firmness, but without brutality.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

As Beauceron needs a lot of space, city life will require long regular walks. The ideal for him is a house in the country, with a large garden where he can walk and exercise at leisure. Finally, it is not adapted to the solitary life, an absence of contact with the man can lead it to become too dominant. With its size, the Beauceron does not adapt well to apartment life. He can thus spend most of his time outdoors, watching out for the slightest intruder and protecting his territory.


Ease of gaining weight

The selection of the strongest animals by shepherds over the centuries has made today’s Beaucerons surprisingly vigorous dogs. They do not decline and remain the same until the end of their days. However, it is necessary to watch out for dewclaws which can be easily injured during long country outings. He is not afraid of climatic differences.

However, he is subject to a few illnesses related to his size. So, he can develop hip dysplasia . He is also prone to progressive retinal atrophy . Finally, he may also suffer from bloating and gastric torsion . As such, it is not recommended to make him practice a sporting activity just after a meal.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 6 and 7 puppies

Major concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Gastric torsion
Minor concerns
Willebrand disease
Occasional concerns
Atopic dermatitis
Suggested tests

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Beauceron dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 12 years

The life expectancy of a Beauceron is, on average, between 10 years and 12 years.

Calculate the human age of your Beauceron!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Beauceron being a rustic dog, it does not require any particular grooming . It experiences a moult in the spring and with the approach of winter .

A weekly or bi-weekly brushing is sufficient for this dog who does not require very extensive maintenance.

It is advisable to brush your Beauceron twice a week or after a walk in the forest to detect any parasites. One bath per year is more than enough, except when bathing in the sea or in a pond to ensure rinsing. His eyes and ears may be checked from time to time, but he does not develop any ENT pathology. His nails are to be cut regularly. If you’ve never cut a dog’s claws before, it’s best to seek advice from a veterinarian.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Max € 500
1000 €

The purchase price of a Beauceron is between 500 € and 1000 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1,500
1600 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Beauceron is between € 1,500 and € 1,600.

Name ideas for a Beauceron


None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find the name of your Beauceron!


The food of Beauceron must be rich, because it has a very important appetite . Nevertheless, it is advisable to observe periods of rest before and after each ration, because of a possible torsion of the stomach. Beauceron must ingest between 500 and 700 grams of high quality kibble per day. Whether in a single meal (in the evening) or 2 (a light in the morning and a hearty in the evening).

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Beauceron is a shepherd dog used to traveling long distances. He needs a lot of physical exercise and regular outings , preferably long distances. It will be more suited to a dynamic and athletic master who can devote several hours to his dog and his walk. Thus, it is advisable to register the dog in one or more dog sports.

Famous Beauceron dogs

Sorbonne : this Beauceron belongs to François Desgrez , lawyer then policeman in the French series Angélique , the first episode of which came out in 1964. This character is played by Jean Rochefort . Sorbonne is very loyal and protective of its owner, whom he accompanies everywhere. The films are adaptations of the literary series of the same name, written by Anne and Serge Golon .

Attention : it is the dog of Auntie Danielle , in the film of the same name released in 1990. The old woman speaks regularly to her Beauceron, in particular to slander those around her.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum


Guest message

Beauceron and apartment?

Guest message

The choice is difficult! (Beauceron – Doberman – Shepherd)

Message from Manu21

Our beauceron is making life difficult for us!

Guest message

Beauceron … or not

Message from philippe mondon

Do you have a question about Beauceron?
Do not hesitate to ask Woopets visitors for advice on the forum!

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Recognized by FCI

Since 1963


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