Border collie

3.7 / 5
95 reviews

The Border Collie is a naturally elegant dog, exhibiting harmonious proportions. The Border Collie is docile and particularly lively. This is a dog that has a constant need to be on the move. Qualified as hyperactive, he does not know how to stay still. This can pose some problems, especially for city and apartment living. He stands up rather easily because he is intelligent and has a good understanding. His shepherd dog and hunting genes make him a faithful companion. He enjoys playing with the youngest and the presence of other animals does not bother him.



Photo: Border Collie dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Britain
Template Average
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 18 kg to 25 kg From 48 cm to 52 cm
Male From 18 kg to 28 kg From 50 cm to 55 cm
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History of the breed

The Border Collie is known since the 17th century. It was not considered a race, strictly speaking. But most of the shepherds of the “Borders”, the border area between England and Scotland, had what was recognized in 1982 as a breed. If multi centenary, official recognition is paradoxically established at 20th century.

It owes its name to the Borders region, between Scotland and England, where it was once used as a sheepdog. It is the result of a cross between several shepherd breeds such as the Bobtail or the Bearded , but also hunting dogs such as the Pointer and the Setter . He has the soul of a working, hunting and shepherd dog. In the past, it was used to gather flocks of sheep and to guard farms. The breed standard was recognized by the FCI in 1977.

Border Collie Pictures

Photo of Lexy, Border ColliePhoto of MYA, Border ColliePhoto of Flocon, Border ColliePhoto of Largo, Border ColliePhoto of Nina, Border ColliePhoto of Snoopy, Border Collie

View All Border Collie Photos from Woopets Members

Physical features

His coat : short or of moderate length. Its hair is very dense, providing excellent protection in bad weather.
Its color : we find this breed with all possible coat colors, but white should not be dominant.
Its head : the skull is not very wide, proportional with the muzzle quite short, but strong. Occiput little marked. Clear stop.
Its ears : semi-erect or straight, they are of medium size.
His eyes : almond-shaped, they are set wide apart. They are usually brown, except in merle individuals who may sport one or two blue eyes.
His body : is athletic with a deep chest and arched ribs.
Its tail : naturally hanging, well bushy and the tip curved upwards, it must reach the hocks.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Border Collie is an excellent sheepdog . Gathering what is scattered (like a herd) is a real obsession. Instinctively, this breed protects its family as well as its territory. Good training can make them a very good pet or put them at the top of the standings in agility and / or obedience competitions. Only small flaw, he tends to be hyperactive . It is thus not easy to calm his enthusiasm and his fidgeting.

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The training of the Border Collie is rather easy , in particular because it is a very docile dog which responds immediately to the orders given. He needs to let off steam to listen. If his education is delayed, he can become aggressive. It must therefore be trained relatively early. He is strong- willed and intelligent, which works in his favor. Lively and intelligent , he constantly needs to move , it’s genetic. It is therefore important to channel this energy and teach it docility as soon as possible. He tends to be wary of strangers , but socializes very quickly.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Border Collie is not made for apartment living . He needs to spend his energy, which requires several walks during which he can run until he is breathless. In fact, he will only feel comfortable outdoors with space. It’s as good for his physique as his morale. The walks must be numerous and it is strongly recommended to enroll him in a dog sport so that he gets rid of his excess energy.


Ease of gaining weight

The Border Collie is one of the strongest breeds. However, screening is necessary to detect possible defects such as retinal atrophy , hip dysplasia , drug sensitivity or stomach twists .

Some Borders Collies cannot tolerate the ingestion of medication . These can be toxic and cause death. It is important to see the vet about this. Finally, it is also subject to stress and its side effects, as well as to temperature variations .

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 5 and 10 puppies

Major concerns
Collie’s eye anomaly (AOC)
Hip dysplasia
Minor concerns
Osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD)
Occasional concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Gastric torsion
Suggested tests

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Border Collie dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Border Collie is, on average, between 10 years and 14 years.

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Border Collie is not a difficult dog to maintain from a hygiene and health point of view . Regular brushing should suffice. However, to avoid digestive disorders, care must be taken that he does not exert himself physically after eating.

The coat should be brushed frequently . A wire brush with rounded ends will help loosen any knots that form in the coat. In addition, he can also take a bath 3 to 4 times a year .

Teeth should be brushed regularly to remove tartar buildup and the growth of bacteria. Finally, do not forget to check the condition of his eyes but also of his ears to avoid any infection.

Price and budget

Purchase price

800 €
1200 €

The purchase price of a Border Collie is between € 800 and € 1,200.

Annual maintenance cost

1250 €
€ 1350

The annual maintenance cost of a Border Collie is between € 1,250 and € 1,350.

Name ideas for a Border Collie


None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find the name of your Border Collie!


The diet of the Border Collie must be in line with its daily energy expenditure. It is based on high quality croquettes and meets its needs. It is essential that the Border Collie has a healthy and balanced diet to avoid stomach upset, to which it is subject. Its food should be divided into 2 meals per day .

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Border Collie needs to frolic at all times . A short walk around the block or a short outing in the yard is not enough. The ideal is to offer him a large outdoor space to allow him to give his all. Otherwise, several outings a day will make him happy. Nevertheless, he will find his full development in the work of the flock.

Famous Border Collie Dogs

Bandit : this Border Collie was adopted by the Ingalls family in the American series The Little House on the Prairie , directed by Michael London . Laura Ingalls , played by actress Melissa Gilbert , was deeply affected by the disappearance of her previous dog named Jack . In the series, Bandit is a stray dog who follows the little girl, who pushes him away. With a little time, Laura manages to completely overcome the death of her dog and adopts the Border Collie, who becomes one of her most loyal companions.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Border Collie / Labrador puppies

Message from Gita87

border collie

Grizzly Message

Looking for a dog, border collie or goldens rivers

Guest message

Border collie, Australian Shepherd …. or other

Guest message

Border Collie who does not want to go out

Message from Cloudy3005

Do you have a question about the Border Collie?
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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Recognized by FCI

Since 1977


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