Other name: Chiwawa

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The Chihuahua is a racy dog of harmonious proportions. Round-headed with a lively expression, the Chihuahua has over time become a very popular dog in Europe and the United States. Considered the smallest purebred dog in the world, he loves to be hugged by his owners and cuddled. He has a very popular temperament. In addition, he is not greedy in maintenance or food, and has good health while his size could lead to believe the opposite.



Photo: Chihuahua dog on Woopets
Hair type Short or Long
Origin Mexico
Template Small
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 1 kg to 3 kg From 16 cm to 21 cm
Male From 1 kg to 3 kg From 16 cm to 21 cm
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History of the breed

The Chihuahua is a very old dog breed . It is considered the smallest in the world . Its name simply comes from the largest state in the Republic of Mexico : the state of Chihuahua . He would have lived there in total freedom before being domesticated by the natives at the time of the Toltecs. At the end of the 19th century, this dog is exported in bulk to the United States and Europe follows.

Chihuahua Pictures

Photo of Shakira, ChihuahuaPhoto of Chanelle, ChihuahuaPhoto of scribble, ChihuahuaPhoto of Mozza, ChihuahuaPhoto of Snoopy, ChihuahuaPhoto of Cassius, Chihuahua

View all Chihuahua photos from Woopets members

Physical features

Its coat : can be of 2 varieties. The first short-haired is lying on the body, shiny and soft. The second long-haired remains fine, silky, smooth or slightly wavy.
Its color : all possible colors and shades.
Its head : rounded in the shape of an apple with a short muzzle.
His ears : erect, large and wide apart. They become thinner towards the end.
His eyes : little protruding with a strong expression. They remain large, very rounded and dark in color.
His body : compact and well structured, withers little marked, short and firm back, large chest and well let down.
Its tail : set high, of moderate length and wide at the base. It thins towards the end.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Chihuahua is bursting with life and energy. His strong temperament and dynamism make him suspicious, even aggressive towards strangers whom he receives with barking supposed to scare them away! This characteristic trait makes the Chihuahua a very good alarm dog . Contrary to popular belief, he is a very active and above all very courageous dog. He will not be impressed by congeners much stronger than him. With his master and his adoptive family, he will be very cuddly , very endearing , gentle and affectionate . He loves to be hugged by his owner. His intelligence is real and allows him in particular to adapt to all environments and situations.

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The Chihuahua does not present any difficulty in its education even if it is preferable like any small dog with a strong character to do it from an early age. It is about being firm and it will quickly be clean, faithful and unobtrusive. Very stubborn , he could then be uncontrollable and do as he pleases. Do not spare this canine which will then respond perfectly to orders. It is suggested to socialize him very quickly so that he can be pleasant with intruders and other animals.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Chihuahua is predisposed to live in a house . Apartment life is also ideal for him. However, he often feels the need to spend time outdoors. He likes to let off steam in green spaces.


Ease of gaining weight

With a fragile appearance, the Chihuahua is however robust and enjoys a good life expectancy . It is not at all fragile and can live up to 20 years. He is prone to eye irritation if his eyes are not maintained regularly. Farrowing is sometimes difficult due to its very small size. There are also some congenital heart diseases (pulmonary stenosis or mitral endocardiosis) and neurological (hydrocephalus).   It can sometimes be chilly and should therefore be kept away from drafts and the outdoors in winter.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 5 puppies

Major concerns
Heart failure
Patella dislocation
Minor concerns
Mitral endocardiosis
Pulmonary stenosis
Occasional concerns
Atopic dermatitis
Suggested tests

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Chihuahua dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 14 years old

Maximum: 18 years old

The life expectancy of a Chihuahua is, on average, between 14 years and 18 years.

Calculate the human age of your Chihuahua!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Chihuahua is a naturally clean little dog that requires little maintenance. It loses small amounts of hair throughout the year, but a little more during shedding in spring and fall.

The long-haired Chihuahua will require more maintenance to avoid knots.

Whether long or short haired, his coat is odorless. It should be brushed regularly – grooming only takes a few minutes each week – since as a companion dog it is part of your privacy. For brushing, you can use a rubber glove or a brush with short, natural bristles. For the long-haired Chihuahua, it is necessary to brush it at least 3 times a week to avoid tangles, with a detangling brush.

It should be washed from time to time with warm water and a mild shampoo. The ears and eyes should be checked regularly for the slightest trace of dirt or infection. The nails are to be cut if they become too long. If you are new to this, it is best to seek advice from a veterinarian. Brushing the dog’s teeth also helps remove tartar buildup and bacteria growth.

Price and budget

Purchase price

€ 1,500
€ 2,500

The purchase price of a Chihuahua is between € 1,500 and € 2,500.

Annual maintenance cost

800 €
850 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Chihuahua is between 800 € and 850 €.

Name ideas for a Chihuahua

My pretty

None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find your Chihuahua’s name!


The Chihuahua’s diet must be based on high quality kibble . It should not be too stuffy so as not to alter its digestive system and cause some health concerns. His diet must be adapted to his age, activity, state of health and weight.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Chihuahua needs daily outings . Very energetic , he needs to stretch his legs regularly. In addition to walks, the Chihuahua can be tempted by play sessions, which will also strengthen its bond with its owner.

It is advisable to pay attention to the extreme climatic conditions (especially the cold), because the Chihuahua   remains very cautious.

Famous Chihuahua Dogs

Poppy : in the movie Mars Atack! directed by Tim Burton and released in 1996, this Chihuahua belongs to journalist Nathalie Lake (played by Sarah Jessica Parker ). Poppy is very close to her owner and only listens to her. He is abducted by the aliens with Nathalie . Following experiments conducted by the Marsians, the dog and the young woman exchange their bodies.

Ren : This is the name of the Chihuahua in the American animated series Ren and Stimpy , created by John Kricfalusi . Ren is an emotional and temperamental dog. He often has a habit of throwing tantrums at his feline sidekick, Stimpy . The two friends go on crazy adventures around the world.

Chloe : This Chihuahua belongs to Vivian Ashe in the Beverly Hills Chihuahua trilogy, directed by Raja Gosnell . In the first part, Vivian leaves her little dog with her niece Rachel , time for a business trip. The latter goes on vacation to Mexico City with some friends. During a party, Chloe gets lost. She will live several adventures accompanied by other dogs, before finding her home in Beverly Hills. In the other 2 films, Chloe has other adventures with her new friends.

Hipop : this is the name of Liliane’s beloved Chihuahua in Household Scenes . The bitch really belongs to the interpreter of this character, Valérie Karsenti .


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Chihuahua – adoption

Message from Tryskelle

Search for 100 Chihuahuas to participate in the screening Le …

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Chihuahua search to give

Message from riris

*** History Of Chihuahua ***

Soubirou’s message

CHIHUAHUA for breeding

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Do you have a question about the Chihuahua?
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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1959


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