Croatian Shepherd Dog

Other names: Hrvatski Ovcar, Croatian Shepherd Dog

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The Croatian Shepherd Dog is a medium-sized dog, with a rustic Spitz-type appearance, recognizable by the foxish expression on its head. The Croatian Shepherd Dog gives an impression of pride, agility, strength and compactness, but without heaviness.



Photo: Croatian Shepherd Dog breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Croatia
Template Average
Head shape Triangular
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 15 kg to 20 kg From 40 cm to 50 cm
Male From 15 kg to 20 kg From 40 cm to 50 cm
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History of the breed

The breed of the Croatian Sheepdog has been developed for several centuries in eastern Slavonia , a Croatian agricultural plain. Immigrants would have introduced in this region if we believe the writings of the 14th and 18th century. The systematic breeding of the Croatian Shepherd Dog began in 1935 under the leadership of Professor Stjepan Romic. It was first exhibited on October 29, 1949 in Zagreb. Its first standard was drawn up in 1951 by Dr. Otto Rohr.

Physical features

His coat: very thick, dense, soft to the touch, but neither woolly nor harsh. The outer coat is wavy or curly, supple, with a length of 6 to 14 cm. The undercoat is dense, compact and soft. The set gives the dog excellent protection. The hair is longer on the neck, back, rump, back of limbs and tail.
Its color: unicolour black on the entire body. A few scattered white hairs may be allowed.
His head: almost wedge-shaped. The lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. The skull is harmoniously drawn and oval in shape. The frontal furrow is not very pronounced. The occipital protuberance is a little more so. The stop is moderately developed. The nose is black and the nostrils well open, but not too pronounced. The muzzle becomes thinner towards the truffle. The lips are medium in thickness and tight against the jaw, which is strong and scissor bite (the toe joint is also tolerated). The cheeks are not very pronounced, but they are rounded and muscular.
Its ears: triangular in shape, with slightly rounded ends, well proportioned in size to the head, carried erect or semi-erect.
His eyes: medium in size, oval in shape, black to dark hazel in color, displaying an expression that is at the same time intelligent, lively and curious.
His body: strongly and harmoniously developed, while being elegant. Writable in a rectangle. The withers are slightly prominent with a gradual transition to the neck. The back is straight, horizontal and well muscled. The kidney is short, well muscled and well attached to the back and the rump, which is also well muscled, strong, broad, slightly rounded and oblique. The chest is deep, broad, the ribs well sprung. The bottom line is slightly raised between the sternum and the belly.
Its tail: in the continuity of the line of the croup. Thick at its root, it gradually tapers towards its tip. Moderately high set on, carried below the topline, saber or hook when the dog is at rest. When on alert, it is carried above the topline and can be rolled up.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

the   Croatian Shepherd Dog   has a balanced and lively temperament. Very attached to his master , he should be neither aggressive nor nervous. He is very curious , observant and particularly good at working with pets. The Croatian Shepherd Dog is courageous , enduring , patient and enthusiastic at work . He is as much an excellent sheepdog as he is a good companion and guardian.

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Intelligent and docile, the Croatian Shepherd Dog does not present any particular difficulty in his education .

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   Croatian Shepherd Dog   suitable for all types of family, but needs a master willing to offer daily activities and walks. He is happier in the country than in the city , but he can adapt to the latter if he is out enough. He is not made to live in an apartment, preferring a house with a large fenced garden .


Ease of gaining weight

the   Croatian Shepherd Dog   is a robust dog with generally sound health . It is well protected against the cold and bad weather thanks to its double and supplied hair. There is no predisposition to a particular disease in this breed.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 4 and 6 puppies

Major concerns
Patella dislocation
Gastric torsion

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Croatian Shepherd Dog dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Croatian Shepherd Dog is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Calculate the human age of your Croatian Shepherd Dog!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

the   Croatian Shepherd Dog   is an easy dog to maintain , with rather moderate hair loss during molts.

It is recommended to brush the dog twice a week in order to maintain its cleanliness and appearance. During the moult, brushing becomes more frequent (3 times a week). Its hair, ears, eyes and pads should be examined after each outing in the wild to detect and remove any debris or external parasites.

His teeth need to be brushed frequently to remove tartar build-up and the proliferation of bacteria. Finally, if they do not wear out naturally, its claws need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian or groomer.

Price and budget

Purchase price

800 €
1000 €

The purchase price of a Croatian Sheepdog is between 800 € and 1000 €.

Annual maintenance cost

400 €
600 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Croatian Shepherd Dog is between € 400 and € 600.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Croatian Shepherd Dog!


The Croatian Sheepdog needs a quality diet , adapted to its level of physical activity, size and age. Its food is to be divided into 2 meals per day . To limit the risk of bloating to which it may be subject, it is important to ensure that the dog eats in peace and does not engage in any strenuous physical activity one hour before and after each meal.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The business need for   Croatian Shepherd Dog is quite large. It calls for long daily walks , ideally complemented by games .


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Recognized by FCI

Since 1967


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