Other names: Shorthaired Dachshund, Wirehaired Dachshund, Longhaired Dachshund, Dachshund, Langhaartecke

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The Dachshund is a low-legged dog with an elongated body. Despite its short limbs, the Dachshund is remarkably lively and agile. There are 3 different sizes (standard, dwarf and Kaninchen) and 3 varieties of coat: short coat, wire coat and long coat.



Photo: Dachshund dog on Woopets
Hair type Hard, Long, Short
Origin Germany
Template Small
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 3 kg to 9 kg From 11 cm to 25 cm
Male From 3 kg to 9 kg From 11 cm to 25 cm
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History of the breed

A breed of German origin , the Dachshund has been bred since the Middle Ages. His ancestor is the German Basset. The Dachshund quickly emerged as an excellent hunting dog, showing itself gifted for unearthing badgers in particular, but also other animals such as foxes. Hunters wanted a fearless, elongated dog that could dig in their burrows.

The German Dachshund Club was created in 1888. The breed was definitively recognized by the FCI in January 1955. Its official standard currently in force was published in March 2001.

Dachshund Pictures

Photo by Graham siytiap, DachshundPhoto of Tex, DachshundPhoto of Baïa, DachshundPhoto of Stella, DachshundPhoto of Prisca, DachshundPhoto of Oscar, Dachshund

See all photos of Dachshund from Woopets members

Physical features

His coat: short, thick, shiny, with a tight and harsh undercoat for the short-haired variety. The whole undercoat and topcoat is well laid, coarse and harsh (except on the muzzle, eyebrows and ears) for the wire-haired variety. Long, smooth, well lying on the body, with fringes lining the back of the limbs in the long-haired Dachshund.
Its color: one- color (red, yellow, yellow-red), two-tone (brown, black) with tan markings, brindle for the short-haired Dachshund. Wild boar color, dead leaf color, one-color or two-tone in the wire-haired variety. Same colors for the long-haired Dachshund.
Its head: elongated, narrows down to the nose, but does not end in a point. The skull is rather flat and the stop sign is only sketched.
His ears: rounded, set high, long but not excessively.
His eyes: oval in shape, medium in size, in color ranging from dark red-brown to black-brown.
Its body: elongated, with a well protruding withers, long and very muscular kidney, a broad and slightly sloping croup, as well as a well marked sternum. The back is straight or moderately tilted backwards, robust and has good musculature.
Its tail: port extending to the top line, set moderately high.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Dachshund is an intelligent, determined, playful dog, full of liveliness and joie de vivre . He can tend to be dominant and somewhat stubborn . He nevertheless remains attached to his master and has this nosy side due to his past as a hunting dog and digging up. The Wire-haired Dachshund is the bravest, it is the one most used for hunting. For its part, the short-haired Dachshund combines tenderness with intelligence and is intended more for single people. Finally, the long-haired Dachshund rather fulfills the function of a companion dog as he is affectionate and gentle.

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The Dachshund is a strong head that instinctively seeks to gain the upper hand . He must therefore be educated firmly , patience and constancy are essential. But his taste for the game and his intelligence facilitate his learning. Because of his strong character, it is advisable to socialize him very early on, when he is still a puppy.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Dachshund is suitable for any type of master provided that he knows how to be respected and offers him enough opportunities to exercise. If he is essentially a hunting and country dog , he adapts without difficulty to apartment life and quickly integrates into the family. A daily walk is necessary for him to be able to work out.


Ease of gaining weight

The Dachshund is a generally healthy dog. He doesn’t fear much disease, except for his spine . Climbing stairs and other exercises that put a strain on it are to be avoided. Otherwise, the dog runs the risk of suffering from a herniated disc . His weight should also be watched for the same reasons.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 3 and 4 puppies

Major concerns
Disc disease
Herniated disc
Gastric torsion
Minor concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Cushing’s disease
Occasional concerns
Urinary stones
Diabetic sugar
Patella dislocation
Suggested tests

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends insurance for Dachshund dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Dachshund is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Calculate the human age of your Dachshund!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Dachshund remains subject to an almost permanent moult . Maintenance and brushing must therefore be carried out regularly.

For effective brushing, it is recommended to moisten the hair beforehand by spraying fine particles of water, before brushing against the grain. Moisten again and brush in the direction of the grain with a wire brush. A cut twice a year is to be expected for the Wire-haired Dachshund. It is advisable to limit yourself to a maximum of 3 baths per year . After bathing, the Long-haired Dachshund can be blow-dried to enhance the beauty of its coat.

The eyes and ears should be checked regularly to ensure that there is no trace of dirt or any infection. The ears are to be cleaned using a damp cotton ball soaked in an ear cleaner. If they don’t wear out regularly, his fingernails need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian. Finally, his teeth must be brushed frequently in order to eliminate the accumulation of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria.

Price and budget

Purchase price

700 €
1200 €

The purchase price of a Dachshund is between 700 € and 1200 €.

Annual maintenance cost

900 €
1000 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Dachshund is between 900 € and 1000 €.

Name ideas for a Dachshund


None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find your Dachshund’s name!


The Dachshund is predisposed to being overweight and therefore obese . A supervised diet is strongly recommended, adapted to its morphology, weight, size, age and level of activity. It should especially not be too rich in fat . Thus, high quality kibble , especially for Dachshund, is to be given. They are found in specialty stores or pet stores.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Dachshund needs daily walks (about 2, moderate, per day). Due to his past as a hunting dog, he likes outings in the great outdoors on country or forest land, in fun activities that will lead him to exercise. He also enjoys the game when his master offers it to him.

Famous Dachshund Dogs

Lump : this is the name of the Dachshund by artist Pablo Picasso . The latter felt a real love at first sight for the little dog, the first time he met him. Lump became a source of inspiration for the painter. David Douglas Duncan has published a book with photos depicting their relationship, titled Picasso and Lump, A Love Story .

Waldi : this is the official mascot of the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. The Dachshund was designed by Elena Winschermann , under the artistic direction of Otl Aicher .


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Idefixe, dachshund / butterfly

Message from koochi

The madness of the dachshund

Message from Maichou

Which brand of kibble for a dachshund?

Message from Marlene Sarzi

Dachshund foraging

Guest message

Do you have a question about the Dachshund?
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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 4: Dachshunds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1955


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