Diabetes in dogs

Illustration : "Le diabète chez le chien"

diabetes can lead to abnormally high blood glucose levels in dogs and people. However, no diabetes is similar in origin, classification and clinical course. It is essential to know it in order to better detect it, because it can stabilize even if it is sometimes inevitable, and your dog can benefit from good management, daily medical treatment or dietary management.

summary

when diabetes is suspected? Which dogs are most affected? Diabetes medical management or insulin therapy, nutrition and diabetes necessary analysis, when diabetes is suspected, will both occur?

by regularly monitoring your dog’s diet and water behavior, you can point out that his alcohol consumption has increased, usually significantly, which increases the frequency of urine discharge, sometimes related to hair pollution caused by urine leakage or licking. Some dogs show bulimia and then gain weight rapidly, while others have no change in appetite but are losing weight. This step is important because early diagnosis of diabetes can increase the chances of successful treatment. When diabetes attacks, complications may occur, such as cataracts (cloudy eyes), general weakness, liver complications or neurological diseases. In the coma stage of the so-called “ketoacidosis”, the real emergency is the signs of deterioration of some forms of diabetes, such as depression, vomiting, dehydration, and strong acetone smell in urine or breath, such as sour apples. These identifiable signs will make it easier for your veterinarian to determine the type of diabetes in your dog. It will be classified as “mild” diabetes, in which the regulation of hormones on water changes, or as “diabetes” which is more or less sensitive or resistant to insulin, a hormone that regulates the release and utilization of blood glucose, Provide energy for your dog’s body. The classification of human type 1 and type 2 diabetes is very similar to that of dogs or cats.

surprisingly, diabetes can affect dogs of any age, even puppies (juvenile diabetes), because its origins are diverse: genetics, immunity, drugs… However, this is more common with age. Some breeds of puppies are more susceptible to infection, and the sex hormones of obese or non sterilized adult bitches are well-known susceptibility factors. This is why some diabetic patients stabilize or relapse after sterilization or oophorectomy.

analysis required for diabetes confirmation

any clinical suspicion requires a comprehensive blood and urine examination to assess hyperglycemia, Accompanied by urinary glucose overload. Therefore, your dog should be taken to the veterinarian for a comprehensive analysis in order to conduct an extended examination to understand the mechanism, origin and possible complications of diabetes. If your dog is in shock, ketoacidosis coma, it will be rushed to the hospital for infusion and care.

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only the so-called “diabetes” will respond to insulin injection. Insulin is characterized bySeveral hours after injection; They are slow, super slow, semi slow or fast. Your veterinarian will prescribe a mixed dog insulin, a veterinary insulin, injected 1 to 2 times a day. Insulin syringes have a good name because they are also used to inject insulin into dogs every day.

the first test will be conducted at your veterinarian, and then in a week or two, The blood glucose curve drawn during hospitalization helps to determine the number of units injected with insulin. It takes some time and training to inject your diabetic dog. Veterinary insulin syringes and pens are available. You can use them to increase comfort or practicability.

each dog is unique, so each diabetes has different control methods; Each scheme will develop with the examination and improvement, but recurrence is still possible.

nutrition and diabetes are inseparable from another

. It is essential to check your dog’s diet. The choice of food and administration methods can reduce the impact and complications of diabetes. Meals should be distributed at a fixed time immediately after injection. Even if your dog is injected once in the morning, the daily amount of food is divided into two parts, with an interval of 8 to 10 hours. Be vigilant to avoid hypoglycemia after injection. Every strenuous exercise of the dog must be carried out after eating. We will also avoid all instant candy (sugar, cake, candy, etc.). The water must be permanent to meet a large amount of water demand. Please pay attention to any change in drinking water volume at any time and inform your veterinarian.

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By promoting an industrial crisp diet, the foods selected will be those with a very detailed list of ingredients and no added sugar in the formula. Energy intake from protein sources is preferred. If your dog is not overweight, it may be fat rather than carbohydrates (starch). Dietary fiber in the diet of these diabetic dogs has a real regulatory effect. Maintaining an appropriate balance between soluble and insoluble fiber can not only limit the increase of blood glucose level, but also reduce the calorie intake of overweight dogs. It is also possible to control diabetes in dogs through daily diet.

the diet of diabetic dogs can compensate for some symptoms, control weight disorders (obesity, weight loss) and control hypoglycemia. Once prescribed as a supplement to insulin therapy, eating disorders or dietary changes are not recommended. “

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