Fila Brasileiro

Other name: Brazilian Mastiff

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The Fila Brasileiro is exclusively attached to his family. He doesn’t like strangers. This character trait will have to be softened during an education that is not within the reach of everyone. Far from the idea of having to deal with an untenable dog. But his past as a guard and protection dog makes him very suspicious of intruders and potentially aggressive. With his owner and his adoptive family, he will show unparalleled kindness. The Fila Brasileiro is agile despite his massive physical build. Its gaits are characterized by elongated, supple, almost feline movements. When walking, the head is carried lower than the back line. The trot is smooth and effortless, the canter powerful and the dog is surprisingly fast.

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Photo: Fila Brasileiro dog breed on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin Brazil
Template Giant
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 40 kg to 50 kg From 60 cm to 70 cm
Male From 50 kg to 60 kg From 65 cm to 75 cm
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History of the breed

The origin of Fila Brasileiro is quite controversial. Nevertheless, it is undeniable that this Brazilian dog is descended from the mastiffs, whether Mastiffs and mastiffs, but also from the Bloodhound, which gives him an impressive flair. He arrived in Brazil in the 16th century thanks to the Portuguese conquistadors, Dutch, Spanish and African.

The Fila Brasileiro is first used as a guard dog. He was in particular responsible for protecting the herds against wild animals. Then he was used as a guardian of slaves in the sugar cane plantations. Also war dog, the Fila Brasileiro was very popular with the Brazilian police, especially as a tracker.

In the 19th century, after the end of slavery, this canid was crossed with the Spanish greyhound, among others, to make her agility and speed. It was in 1946 that its standard was established by veterinarians Paulo Santos Cruz, Erwin Valdemar Rathsan and João Ebner . The Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognizes race 1 January 1960.

Physical features

His body : he has a mastiff type body. He is powerful, compact and very muscular. Despite everything, its proportions are intended to be harmonious.
His coat: he has a short coat, quite thick and well laid. Above all, it wants to be very soft to the touch.
Its color : the Fila Brasileiro standard accepts many colors. However, mouse gray, blue, white, black and tan are prohibited. Note that brindle is accepted by the breed, as are white spots on the tail.
His head : it is massive and proportionate to the rest of the body. The muzzle is shorter than the skull. The nose is black and the stop sign is not very visible when viewed from the front.
His eyes : they are medium in size and almond shaped. The color can be amber or even dark brown. It usually matches the dress of the Fila Brasileiro.
His ears : they are hanging, quite broad at the base and thick.
Its tail : it is wide at the base and gradually tapers. The tail straightens at the slightest excitement of the dog.

Behavior and character

Affectionate
Calm
Protective
Independent

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals

The Fila Brasileiro is not only a deterrent. He doesn’t like strangers . The slightest intruder approaching too close to his master becomes an enemy. He can thus react violently if he considers it useful. It is a guard and protection dog par excellence. He is exclusively attached to his master and his adoptive family. Who will see no problem in leaving this canine with the children , because he adores them and will take care of their supervision without any worry.

He is also very gentle , sensitive , a great lover of cuddles , a little pot of glue even. He is above all faithful to his master, to whom he is totally devoted. He will not hesitate to risk his own life to save that of his owner. Loyalty is its main quality. Small bonus, he appreciates the company of other animals as well as congeners.

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Education

Clever
Obedient

Be careful, the Fira Brasileiro is not a dog made for beginners in terms of education. It requires patience , rigor and firmness . Watchdog, it also requires an education made of gentleness and calm in order to respond to its great sensitivity . From the start of his life, it is important to socialize him to reduce his excessive mistrust of strangers. He will have to learn to be gentle with them. Above all, do not use aggression, under penalty of awakening this instinct in this canine. The recall is one of the first orders to teach him. Do not hesitate to go through a professional for optimal results.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living

Fila Brasileiro is not made to live indoors . Life in an apartment is to be forgotten. He will be much happier and more fulfilled in a house with a garden or with a large space available. He needs to exercise daily and feel free to go wherever he wants. However, despite this degree of independence, he does not like solitude. Alone, he will perish quickly and could sink into depression. He constantly needs the presence of his master or his family for his well-being.

Health

Solid
Ease of gaining weight

Despite a slow growth, which denotes with the other mastiffs, the Fira Brasileiro is a sensitive dog at the level of his hip, where he can develop dysplasia . It will take care of his joints in the first months of his life and calm his physical activity despite his need for energy expenditure. He is also prone to herniated discs. Then, once an adult and well built, there is no restriction on the practice of a sport. In addition, of an iron health , it does not have any hereditary pathology and is not predisposed to the development of a disease .

Hypoallergenic breed

No

Litter size

Between 5 and 10 puppies

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Fila Brasileiro dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 11 years

The life expectancy of a Fila Brasileiro is, on average, between 10 years and 11 years.

Calculate the human age of your Fila Brasileiro!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance

The Fila Brasileiro remains subject to permanent shedding , but its hair loss is moderate. Its maintenance is simple if it is regularly ensured, but it is especially at the level of the food that it can prove to be demanding, as well in quantity as in quality, with balanced contributions.

Brushing should be at least weekly for this dog with short hair. It is also advisable to check and clean his ears and his eyes regularly, otherwise some infections will develop. It can be bathed several times a year with a suitable shampoo, but not repeatedly so as not to alter its protective layer of sebum.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Mini
1000 €
Maxi
1500 €

The purchase price of a Fila Brasileiro is between 1000 € and 1500 €.

Annual maintenance cost

Mini
€ 1,750
Maxi
€ 1,800

The annual maintenance cost of a Fila Brasileiro is between € 1,750 and € 1,800.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Fila Brasileiro!

Food

The food of Fira Brasileiro must be rich in protein to meet its needs. It is preferable to give him high quality or premium kibble which will meet his energy needs and which will allow him to exercise daily physically without risk for his growth and his development.

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Physical activity

Athletic

The Fira Brasileiro has a constant need for physical activity . The latter should be moderated during his youth, to avoid growth problems. Then, thereafter, it is the ideal companion for long bike rides, for jogging . He can be enrolled in certain dog sports to strengthen a relationship which, anyway, will be very strong between him and his master.

Competitions

Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club

Others

Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>
Calm
</div

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