Golden retriever

Other names: Golden Retriever, Flat Coated Retriever

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The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular breeds in the world as it exudes a jovial and friendly attitude. His intelligence and his image of affectionate dog and perfect for the family explain this success. Its golden coat is characteristic. He is also an excellent swimmer and fit for the job. Hunting, guide dogs for the blind, search and rescue are areas where he excels.



Photo: Golden Retriever dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Britain
Template Big
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 24 kg to 28 kg From 51 cm to 56 cm
Male From 28 kg to 34 kg From 56 cm to 61 cm
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History of the breed

The Golden Retriever is a dog of controversial origins . One of the theories relating to it is that he is a descendant of Caucasian Shepherds acquired in 1858 by Lord Tweedmouth. Another story is that we crossed a Water Spaniel with a Wavy Coated, keeping from each litter only the golden-coated puppies. Another legend has it that the Golden Retriever was born from a cross between a Water Spaniel and a Bloodhound.

It was in 1909 that the breed appeared for the first time in a dog show. It was registered in England in 1913 before being recognized there in 1931 as a pure breed . France imported the first individuals in 1925. Breeding did not take off until the end of the World War, however. Since the 1990s, this is a very popular breed.

Golden Retriever presentation video

Golden Retriever Pictures

Photo of Bessie, Golden RetrieverPhoto of Gnocchi, Golden RetrieverPhoto of Lily, Golden RetrieverPhoto of Angel, Golden RetrieverPhoto of Donuts, Golden RetrieverPhoto of Ruby, Golden Retriever

View all Golden Retriever photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair : long and fringed, it can be wavy or flat. The tight, thick undercoat is waterproof.
Its color : shades range from creamy white to dark gold.
Its head : wide, it has a very marked stop and a black nose. The skull is as long as the muzzle.
His ears : hanging and of medium size, they are set at eye level.
His eyes : wide apart, they are dark brown. The edges of the eyelids are also dark.
His body : harmonious and robust.
Its tail : attached at the height of the back, it reaches the hock without ever curling.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Golden Retriever is defined by the FCI standard as a sociable , affectionate , loyal and docile dog. It is an intelligent breed that can prove to be an exceptional hunting animal, but also an extremely gentle companion for the elderly and children of all ages. Sure of himself, he is a worker by nature. However, he prefers the company of his masters to solitude.

It requires a lot of affection and attention . He is a public entertainer, capable of all jokes to attract the attention of his master or his audience.

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In the case of the Golden Retriever puppy, we never talk about training. Indeed, this race of great sensitivity must be educated through more encouragement than reprimands. His stubborn and independent character might resurface if he feels compelled to do something against his will. Tact and patience will therefore be the assets of a good teacher. He continually seeks to please and satisfy his owner . Finally, it is important to ensure early socialization .

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Golden Retriever can cope with an indoor life as long as it can stay close to its owners and go out every day. Despite everything, he will be much happier if he has an outdoor space where he can run and have fun until he loses his breath.


Ease of gaining weight

The Golden Retriever is a sturdy dog who loves water. You still have to make sure you dry your tail well, especially at the base, to prevent the muscles from contracting painfully. The ears are also quite fragile and it can be prone to allergies, dermatitis and other skin diseases. Among the most common risks, he also has some predisposition to cancer , hip dysplasia or even cataracts in his old years.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 6 and 10 puppies

Major concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Minor concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Von Willebrand disease
Osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD)
Subvalvular aortic stenosis
Occasional concerns
Gastric torsion
Suggested tests

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Golden Retriever dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Golden Retriever is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Calculate the human age of your Golden Retriever!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

It has a thick undercoat. The Golden Retriever’s moult is regular , but it becomes more pronounced in the spring. At this season, the amount of hair lost is significant.

It has a self-cleaning bristle that must be brushed daily to prevent knots from forming. A bath every 2 or 3 months is enough for him .

As with all breeds, his nails should be clipped regularly , about once or twice a month if he does not wear them down naturally. It is always important to seek advice from a veterinarian or groomer, as the dog’s nails contain blood vessels. Cutting too far will cause bleeding.

Brushing your teeth is just as important in order to preserve them. This treatment eliminates the accumulation of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria. The Golden Retriever is a breed that can be prone to ear infections. His ears should therefore be checked weekly and wiped with cotton soaked in a neutral pH ear cleaner.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Max € 500
1000 €

The purchase price of a Golden Retriever is between € 500 and € 1000.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1,400
1500 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Golden Retriever is between $ 1,400 and $ 1,500.

Name ideas for a Golden Retriever


None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find the name of your Golden Retriever!


The Golden Retriever needs a balanced diet to avoid overweight. Its daily ration is ideally taken in 2 meals . It is estimated that he eats an average of 400 grams of premium kibble . The quantities will increase or decrease depending on the quality of the kibble.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

It adapts quite easily to apartment living. This does not prevent him from enjoying at least one outing a day, preferably in places near water or swamps. He needs to exercise vigorously for 30 minutes and twice a day in order to channel his boundless energy. He is a dog that is bursting with life and loves to play outside, especially with soft toys.

Famous Golden Retriever Dogs


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Golden retriever

Adep message

Gorgeous Golden Retriever is looking for female to build a family!

Message from Aurelie78125

golden retriever … humor

Message from Joo

What to choose ? labrador or golden retriever?

Guest message

Golden retriever rear pate cyst 4 years and 9 months

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 8: Retrieving game dogs – Game-raising dogs – Water dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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