Infectious diseases of dogs

Illustration : "Les maladies infectieuses chez le chien"

dogs are exposed to various pathogens, so they are at risk of infectious diseases. The following are their main mechanisms, treatment (if any) and prevention methods.

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rabies, canine distemper cough, canine parvovirus disease, leptospirosis, spirochetosis, banded hepatitis, canine leishmaniasis

Infectious diseases refer to diseases caused by the transmission of viruses, parasites, bacteria, fungi, protozoa or any other microorganisms. Infectious diseases are more or less infectious. Some of them are transmitted to humans through direct contact or through various media (mosquitoes, feces, etc.). Some dogs can be treated, but prevention and vaccination are still the most effective and reliable measures.

rabies

rabies has almost disappeared in France because all dogs have been systematically vaccinated. Zoonosis is a viral disease. The symptoms of

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occur on average 4 weeks after infection through bite, scratch or licking of infected dogs (if the skin is damaged due to injury). These symptoms are usually: fever, local inflammation, changes in dog behavior, and then pupil dilation, changes in animal voice, aggression, seizures, excessive saliva, respiratory failure… All these symptoms may lead to coma and then death. Therefore, it is important to vaccinate dogs against rabies, just like other conventional vaccinated diseases. The

viral and highly infectious

square disease is more serious in puppies with reduced antibody levels transmitted by their mothers. Square disease is spread through the air. The viruses that cause this disease belong to the same family as measles.

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are characterized by respiratory diseases (cough, runny nose), eye diseases (eye secretions), digestive diseases (diarrhea and vomiting), behavioral diseases (weakness, loss of appetite) and skin diseases (hyperkeratosis: thickening of skin on truffles and mats). Some infected dogs may develop epilepsy.

has no treatment for square disease, but preventive vaccination and environmental disinfection of animals can avoid this.

Dogs cough

dogs cough or canine infectious bronchitis attacks the respiratory system of animals. This highly infectious disease is transmitted through close contact between dogs in kennels and various gatherings.

Older dogs and puppies are susceptible to cough caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica (BB), canine parainfluenza virus (CPI), adenovirus 1 and 2 (Cav-1 and CAV-2) . a sick dog will cough hoarsely and dry. It will be troubled by nasal and eye secretions, sneezing and fever. Fatigue and loss of appetite will also increase. The veterinarian will prescribe antibiotics and antitussive drugs.

canine parvovirus disease

Canine parvovirus is a particularly drug-resistant virus. It causes parvovirus disease, which is one of the common diseases of unvaccinated animals. It is transmitted through dog feces and can be carried by parvovirus cpv-2a and cpv-2b.

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parvovirus disease, which may lead to severe gastroenteritis: weakness, loss of appetite, vomiting and hemorrhagic diarrhea, and severe dehydration may lead to dog death. Since there is no treatment, prevention is the only way to protect dogs from the disease. Kdspe leptospirosis

is a serious zoonosis caused by question mark Leptospira, a spirochete bacterium transmitted through the urine of infected dogs. The symptoms of the disease vary in intensity, from weakness to liver or kidney damage to abdominal pain. The most serious cases may lead to animal death. The main form of

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treatment is specific antibiotics, but the results are inconsistent. In very severe cases, blood transfusion may be required. Dogs can be effectively protected by routine (updated every year) vaccination against four strains of Leptospira in France.

pirosis

pirosis or babesiosis is a parasitic disease. It is transmitted by ticks and is caused by a protozoan (Babesia canis) that attacks red blood cells. Fatigue, fever, loss of appetite and dark red urine are one of the signs of suspected infection, usually accompanied by anemia and weakening of the immune system of infected dogs. Treatment includes treating anemia and eliminating parasites. Pirosis prevention vaccine is related to protecting animals from tick infection. For example, these viruses should be systematically removed using screw conveyors and external pest control products (sprays, pipettes, etc.).

hepatitis zoster

hepatitis zoster is an infectious viral disease, which is particularly dangerous, Because she can kill the dog in a few hours. It attacks the liver, kidneys, eyes and lungs. Like leptospirosis, it is transmitted from one animal to another through the urine of infected dogs.

can cause loss of appetite, fever, mucosal discoloration, conjunctivitis, cough, vomiting and diarrhea. Corneal opacity was also observed. Similarly, there is no treatment. Therefore, preventive vaccination is the only way to fight this virus.

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also read: how to reduce itching in dogs?

canine leishmaniasis

leishmaniasis is transmitted by venous tumors, A midge distributed throughout the Mediterranean basin that carries Leishmania babies and inoculates dogs through bites.

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this disease can seriously weaken the animal’s immune system and appear symptoms for a long time (sometimes several years) after infection -Yes. In this case, the dog may lose weight and hair, especially hair around the eyes, fever, anemia or eye problems.

its treatment is difficult and there is no guarantee of curative effect. Its prevention is mainly to protect dogs from venous tumors through an insect prevention Necklace during dog activities (May to September)

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