Miniature Pinscher

Other names: Zwergpinscher, Miniature Pinscher

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The Miniature Pinscher is a wonderful life companion. He is adorable in every way. Stylish, quite small, it is suitable for the whole family, including children. It is a very sociable dog made to live indoors and has a playful temperament. He is blessed with very good health and is not difficult to maintain. The Miniature Pinscher is a robust and elegant dog, despite his small size. He is a kind of reduced version of the German Pinscher, but without presenting any defect of dwarfism. He is also not greyhound. The figure of the Miniature Pinscher is writable in a square.



Photo: Miniature Pinscher dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin Germany
Template Small
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 4 kg to 6 kg From 25 cm to 30 cm
Male From 4 kg to 6 kg From 25 cm to 30 cm
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History of the breed

The Miniature Pinscher has its origins in the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and the province of Württemberg. Responsible for chasing harmful rodents, he kept company with the coachmen and their teams. It looks exactly like the German Pinscher but smaller, also has some similarities with the Doberman Pinscher. The Miniature Pinscher quickly found great success in its region of origin and in Germany in general, so much so that the numbers of the breed increased towards the beginning of the last century.

In 1925, the Book of Origins counted 1300 representatives of the breed. Little by little, the selections made it possible to keep only the colors black, tan and red. The Miniature Pinscher breed was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on July 14, 1955.

Miniature Pinscher Pictures

Photo of Louky, Miniature PinscherPhoto of Tommy, Miniature PinscherPhoto of Ippy, Miniature PinscherPhoto of Dagobert, Miniature PinscherPhoto of Vanille, Miniature PinscherPhoto by chanel, Miniature Pinscher

View all Miniature Pinscher photos of Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: short, smooth, shiny and well supplied.
Its color: unicolour deer red to dark brown red or two-tone black and tan (jet black with red or brown markings, as dark as possible, above the eyes, on the throat, on the pasterns, on the feet, on the internal faces of the hind legs, below the root of the tail and on the chest).
His head: the skull is strong and elongated, the forehead is flat and parallel to the muzzle, the stop is light, but visible. The nose is very black, the muzzle at the end almost wedge-shaped, the lips black and firm.
His ears: quite large in relation to the body, V-shaped, pointing forward, straight, folded up and set high.
His eyes: oval and dark in color.
His body: the topline slopes slightly backwards from the withers, which is the highest point on the top. The back is strong and short, the croup blends slightly into the tail attachment, the chest is moderately broad and the sides are not excessively raised.
Its tail: natural, saber or sickle.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Miniature Pinscher is made for family life . He is pleasant, at the same time calm and energetic , gentle and alert . He is as playful as he is intelligent . His small size prevents him from being a good working dog . So what ? He has many assets to satisfy his master and his adoptive family.

Loyal, faithful , he adores being surrounded by those close to him. He loves children and does not hesitate to play with them. It tolerates the presence of strangers as well as congeners. Loneliness does not scare him but should not last too long. On his return, his master will have the right to a nice little party.

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To educate him, his master must go through the game . With a fiery temperament, the Miniature Pinscher enjoys learning while having fun. It is therefore not necessary to proceed with a strict or firm education . On the contrary, he could turn around and not carry out the orders received. However, he should not take his education as a game . His training must therefore begin as soon as possible.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

By its small size and its sensitivity to climatic rigors , the Miniature Pinscher is rather an indoor dog. It therefore adapts perfectly to living in an apartment. While his barking can sometimes be annoying for neighbors, he will have to learn to be quiet. Indeed, the Miniature Pinscher is made more for living indoors , in an apartment , rather than in the countryside in the great outdoors. A garden is not compulsory as long as it can benefit from daily outings. More or less long outings.


Ease of gaining weight

The Miniature Pinscher is a robust dog with a good life expectancy . It is nevertheless sensitive to cold and humidity , so it is advisable to cover it when necessary. Certain risks of diseases should be monitored: necrosis of the head and neck of the femur (aseptic necrosis of the femoral head), calluses (skin plaques) or corneal dystrophy …

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 12 puppies.

Major concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Patella dislocation
Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease
Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head
Minor concerns
Elbow dysplasia
Occasional concerns
Suggested tests

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends insurance for Miniature Pinscher dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 16 years

The life expectancy of a Miniature Pinscher is, on average, between 12 years and 16 years.

Calculate the human age of your Miniature Pinscher!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Miniature Pinscher does not moult. Its hair loss is therefore minimal , as is its maintenance. The latter must however remain regular.

Brushing the Miniature Pinscher should be done at least once a week, not more, with a soft bristle brush for example. This helps maintain a silky and shiny dress. It is not recommended to bathe it frequently as it may dry out its skin, except when it is really necessary.

It is possible to clean his eyes and ears from time to time to avoid infection. His teeth need to be brushed regularly to prevent tartar build-up and the proliferation of bacteria. Finally, if they do not wear out naturally, his nails need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Max € 500
1000 €

The purchase price of a Miniature Pinscher is between € 500 and € 1000.

Annual maintenance cost

800 €
900 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Miniature Pinscher is between € 800 and € 900.

Name ideas for a Miniature Pinscher


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The Miniature Pinscher is not a very picky dog when it comes to food. Its diet may consist of human foods such as fish once a week and meat more regularly (100 to 150 grams). To this, you can add starches like rice and pasta as well as fresh vegetables. Minerals and trace elements are recommended, such as raw carrots or parsley. Its food is to be divided into 2 meals per day . Obviously, his ration must be regulated according to his physical activity.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

Outings, games and sports. This is in summary what the Miniature Pinscher expects from his days. He needs to be outside regularly, with 2 good walks a day. He must be able to run and exert himself. This energy expenditure can be done in the form of games.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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Miniature Pinscher to adopt!

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My miniature pinscher is not clean

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I am looking for a female pinscher puppy

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[Urgent] Dwarf rabbit

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Advice on adopting a dwarf spincher

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1955


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