Parson Russell Terrier

Other name: Reverend Jack Russell Terrier

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32 reviews

The Parson Russell Terrier is a small working dog that is characterized by its tenacity and hardiness. Lively, agile and well-proportioned, he is built for speed and long-term efforts. The Parson Russell Terrier is rather leggy and has a shallow chest. These precise points are among those which distinguish it from its close cousin, the Jack Russell Terrier, which is a little more known to the general public. He’s just a little taller. For the rest, it has the same characteristics. Namely an adorable dog but who, with his natural restlessness, does not necessarily correspond to the elderly. He is as gentle as he is bursting with energy and will be a perfect hunting companion. Its maintenance and feeding are easy, its health very robust.



Photo: Parson Russell Terrier breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin Britain
Template Small
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 6 kg to 9 kg From 30 cm to 36 cm
Male From 6 kg to 9 kg From 32 cm to 38 cm
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History of the breed

The Parson Russell Terrier comes straight from Great Britain, and England more specifically. It owes part of its name to the Reverend John (Jack) Russell . The latter gave birth to this canine in 1795 near Dartsmouth in Devon. The Parson Russell Terrier comes from exactly the same crosses as his friend the Jack Russell Terrier. With the difference that he is slightly taller than his cousin.

Thus, it comes from a strain of Fox Terriers. John Russell wanted a dog with the ability to find foxes in their den. This is how this dog was very popular with hunters and riders. This is still the case since the end of World War II. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed definitively on June 4, 2001.

Parson Russell Terrier Pictures

Photo of Chipie, Parson Russell TerrierPhoto of Pollux, Parson Russell TerrierPhoto of Elvi $, Parson Russell TerrierPhoto of Virus, Parson Russell TerrierPhoto of Violette, Parson Russell TerrierPhoto of Tyson, Parson Russell Terrier

View all photos of Parson Russell Terrier from Woopets members

Physical features

His coat: rough by nature, flat, dense and tight, associated with a fairly thick undercoat. Its texture can be smooth or hard. All this gives it great resistance to climatic conditions. Groomed, the dress should keep a natural appearance.
Its color: totally white or predominantly white with black, fawn or lemon markings. These marks are ideally found on the head and the base of the tail.
Its head: wedge-shaped, relatively long and powerful. The skull is flat, moderately broad and tapering gradually towards the eyes. The stop is not very marked.
Its ears: V-shaped, falling forward, sized in proportion to the head, with the tip reaching the outer corner of the eye.
His eyes: almond-shaped, dark, displaying an expression of liveliness and intelligence.
Its body: well proportioned, slightly longer than the height from the withers to the ground. The back is solid and straight, the loins strong and slightly curved, the chest shallow and the ribs well sloping back.
Its tail: of medium length, ideally straight, strong at its attachment and thinning at the end, attached high and carried well raised in action (lower at rest). Shortened by the past.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Parson Russell Terrier is an alert, confident and cheerful dog . He is full of energy and boldness . Always inclined to work and persevering , he has all the qualities of a hunting dog and is particularly good at digging up . It is for this task that he was selected. It is less common as a companion dog than its cousin, the Jack Russell Terrier, but the Parson Russell Terrier can also be a pleasant companion around the house . Like the Jack Russell Terrier, he loves to play with children but can be slightly abrupt.

Her natural kindness helps her in this sense. He is not necessarily hyperactive but needs to always have something to do. Even if he is independent , he does not appreciate solitude . Travel doesn’t bother him at all. You have to think about enclosing its exterior to prevent this dog from running away . In addition, it is a dog very loyal to his master and his adoptive family. He will never be aggressive or even dangerous.

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For this kind of active dog, it is recommended to teach him the recall and obedience from an early age . The Parson Russell Terrier also has a dominant character, while being endowed with a remarkable intelligence and a great enthusiasm for work, which requires an education that is both firm and fair , without balance of power.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

Even if he has been able to adapt very easily to life in an urban environment , the Parson Russell Terrier is above all a born hunter who appreciates being able to evolve on natural terrain . He is therefore more of a country dog than a city dog. Work and activity are his real reasons for being: keeping him cloistered between the 4 walls of an apartment all day would make him extremely unhappy .

The Parson Russell Terrier is therefore aimed at active people, often willing to take long hikes in the countryside or in the woods.


Ease of gaining weight

Rustic and resistant dog, the Parson Russell Terrier does not fear climatic conditions thanks to its dense coat. He also has fairly solid health , since there is no particular predisposition associated with the breed. However, it will be necessary to watch his kneecaps , very stressed during his long and intense efforts in hunting action, as well as his eyes .

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 4 and 8 puppies

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Parson Russell Terrier dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 13 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Parson Russell Terrier is, on average, between 13 years and 15 years.

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Parson Russell Terrier is not a very difficult to maintain dog . In the smooth-haired variety, moulting is almost permanent and hair loss as well. It is then a question of removing the dead hair to preserve the natural appearance of the dog’s coat.


It is recommended to brush the dog regularly using a rubber picot glove to remove dead hair. Grooming is not necessary except possibly for the wire-haired variety which can be groomed 2-3 times per year. It is also not recommended to wash it too often so as not to alter the structure of its skin and its protective layer of sebum.

Price and budget

Purchase price

700 €
1200 €

The purchase price of a Parson Russell Terrier is between € 700 and € 1,200.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 950
1000 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Parson Russell Terrier is between $ 950 and $ 1000.

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The diet of the Parson Russell Terrier must be adapted to its morphology and its daily energy expenditure. He will be inclined to receive industrial food exclusively. Whether it’s mash or high quality croquettes.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Parson Russell Terrier needs a lot of exercise to burn off its energy and to channel its energy. Simple daily walks are not enough for him. Due to his nature as a working dog, he needs to stay active . Activities such as agility can give him all the sensations he is looking for. Of course, he is always up for a rodent hunting party with his master .


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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Jack russell or Parson russell?

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My forgiveness Russell Terrier does not always obey me

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welsh terrier / AIREDALE TERRIER

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Strange jack russell

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 3: Terriers

Recognized by FCI

Since 2001


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