Other names: German Pinscher, Toy Pinscher, German Pinscher

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The name Pinscher designates 2 varieties of dogs that are mainly differentiated by their size: the German Pinscher (or average Pinscher) and the Miniature Pinscher, whose smallest subjects are often called Pinscher Toy. The German Pinscher is a medium-sized dog, harmoniously built and endowed with good musculature. Its allure is proud and distinguished. The same is true for the Miniature Pinscher, which shares its main physical traits, but in a reduced version. The Miniature Pinscher is also inscribed in a square.



Photo: Pinscher breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin Germany
Template Average
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 14 kg to 20 kg From 45 cm to 50 cm
Male From 14 kg to 20 kg From 45 cm to 50 cm
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History of the breed

A very old breed, the Pinscher was already the subject of articles at the end of the 19th century in Germany . Having common ancestors with the Schnauzer , he stood out from the latter by his short coat, while the Schnauzer was sometimes called Wire -haired Pinscher. Over the selections, we approached current standards, particularly in terms of the color of the dress, the black one with tan markings having been favored. Whether it is one or the other of the 2 varieties (German or dwarf), the Pinscher breed was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale on July 14, 1955.

Pinscher Pictures

Photo by Hapidou, PinscherPhoto by Bouba, PinscherPhoto by Handie from La Tour de Cruzières, PinscherPhoto by Hedy, PinscherPhoto by HOPE, PinscherPhoto by Darling, Pinscher

See all Pinscher photos of Woopets members

Physical features

His coat: short, shiny, well laid, without undercoat and well supplied.
Its color: one- color (deer red to dark red-brown) or two-tone (jet black and tan). In the two-colored dog, the tan markings are located above the eyes, on the throat, on the feet and pasterns, on the inner surfaces of the hind legs, under the tail attachment and on the chest (2 triangles).
His head: long , strong, with a flat forehead and parallel to the muzzle. The stop is light.
His ears: V-shaped, folded back, hanging down and pointing forward. Their tie is high.
His eyes: oval, dark in color, with eyelids with well pigmented black edges.
His body: top line sloping slightly backwards from the withers, which is the highest point on the top. The back is strong and short, the chest is moderately wide, reaching down to the elbows, the bottom line is slightly arched.
Its tail: ideally saber or sickle. Kept in its natural state.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Pinscher is an intelligent dog , full of liveliness and self-confidence . Endowed with good endurance and balanced , it is an excellent daily companion . Filled with energy, he always barks when needed without exaggeration. With a strong character, he gets along very well with other animals . He remains very gentle with children as long as he socializes him very young.

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The German Pinscher has appreciable natural predispositions as regards education and training, but this should not be done without a certain firmness . Nevertheless, he doesn’t like brutality

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

Both varieties of Pinschers prefer to live indoors due to their vulnerability to harsh climatic conditions . However, living in a house with a fenced garden suits them more than living in an apartment. The Pinscher needs a sports master who is available.


Ease of gaining weight

The German Pinscher and the Miniature Pinscher are fairly healthy dogs, but they do not tolerate extreme cold and bad weather quite well. Females of the Pinscher breed can also experience difficult births . The risks of heart disease cannot be ruled out either. In the Miniature Pinscher, certain predispositions associated with the breed should be monitored: tremors, necrosis of the head and neck of the femur (Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease), dermatological conditions (calluses), corneal dystrophy, degenerative valve disease, dislocations , entropion, inguinal hernia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca .

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 6 and 8 puppies

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Pinscher dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Pinscher is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Pinscher!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The coat of the German Pinscher and the Miniature Pinscher not having an undercoat, these 2 varieties do not experience shedding. Their maintenance is extremely easy , but it must remain regular to ensure the good health of their hair and skin.


It is recommended to brush the dog once a week in order to maintain the shiny appearance of his coat.

Price and budget

Purchase price

Max € 500
1000 €

The purchase price of a Pinscher is between € 500 and € 1000.

Annual maintenance cost


The annual maintenance cost of a Pinscher is between NC and NC.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

For both the German Pinscher and the Miniature Pinscher , who are full of energy, the need for daily walks and exercise is great . These dogs cannot be satisfied with summary and short activities .


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Miniature Pinscher to adopt!

Message from Cookie95

My miniature pinscher is not clean

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I am looking for a female pinscher puppy

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Do you have a question about the Pinscher?
Do not hesitate to ask Woopets visitors for advice on the forum!

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1955


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