Bernese Mountain Dog

Other names: Bouvier de Berne, Dürrbächler, Bernese Mountain Dog, Berner Sennenhund

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The Bernese Mountain Dog is a very large dog that looks like a big teddy bear. Robust and rustic, it will know how to live outside, but above all it enjoys the company of its master and does not appreciate being separated from it. Extremely versatile, he is a very good working dog on farmland. The Bernese Mountain Dog is known to be a relatively calm and friendly dog. He is available, docile, gentle, endearing and full of tenderness. There is never any aggressiveness that emanates from this breed.



Photo: Bernese Mountain Dog breed on Woopets
Hair type Long
Origin Swiss
Template Giant
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 40 kg to 50 kg From 60 cm to 66 cm
Male From 50 kg to 60 kg From 64 cm to 70 cm
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History of the breed

In 1910, during an exhibition in Berthoud, farmers managed to present 107 subjects of this breed. From this event, the Bernese Mountain Dog gets its official name. Previously employed as a herd keeper in the Swiss mountain pastures, he is now used as a research dog in the mountains and as a companion dog.

Bernese Mountain Dog Pictures

Photo of Hathos, Bernese Mountain DogPhoto of Velours, Bernese Mountain DogPhoto of Bouchon, Bernese Mountain DogPhoto of Vodoux, Bernese Mountain DogPhoto of Rohan, Bernese Mountain DogPhoto of Rybelle, Bernese Mountain Dog

See all Bernese Mountain Dog photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: is long, shiny and smooth or slightly wavy.
Its color: tricolor (black, white, red) with a black dress. The plastron is white in the shape of a Swiss cross. The tips of the legs are white and a white line crosses the forehead, passes between the eyes and over the muzzle. Reddish spots called lozenges are placed above the eyes and reddish brown appears on the paws and cheeks.
Its head: is short and massive, powerful, its nose is black and the skull is slightly rounded in profile.
Its ears: are drooping, triangular and rounded at the end.
His eyes: dark brown, almond shaped show a lively gaze.
His body: is powerful, harmonious and well proportioned. The members are powerful. It is more compact than elongated and longer than high.
Its tail: black, bushy, low in the resting position, must rise to the height of the back or just above.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a very kind and affectionate dog, especially towards his owners. He demonstrates unfailing loyalty and loyalty to them. In constant search of affection and presence, he is quite clingy. Thus, it is an ideal companion for children, as well as for the elderly. Not at all aggressive and barely barking , he is also intelligent. Very curious, but a little fearful, he does not have the instinct of predator and therefore is very kind to other pets.

It is also often taken as a guide for the blind or visually impaired as well as used in civil protection. His protective side makes him deeply endearing.

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This intelligent dog has a good memory which facilitates his education. It is essential to use training based on positive reinforcement, firmness and softness. Indeed, very sensitive , he does not like all that is violent and brutal. Very eager to learn , he needs to be praised when he is successful. His teenage years are a bit trickier because he loses confidence and can become suspicious of strangers. He must be reassured.

Early obedience training and good socialization are recommended. You should know that it is a slow breed to mature either mentally or physically.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

For the Bernese Mountain Dog, the important thing is to stay with his owners , wherever they live. He could therefore live in an apartment, but he prefers to live in accommodation with a garden available . He will be able to let off steam and have fun. He is a dog who has a hard time putting up with changes of owner. In a home, he tends to stay calm and relaxed .


Ease of gaining weight

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a fairly robust dog. Like all large breeds, he is affected by the problems of hip dysplasia and the risk of stomach twisting . Thus, it is important not to make him exercise before and after meals.

In addition, he can be affected by hip-femoral dysplasia . He can also be affected by some genetic diseases because of the consanguinity that prevails on his breeding . It is therefore necessary to choose the breeding farm where it is purchased and to do the screening x-ray if the breeder has not done it himself beforehand.

The breed is also affected by malignant histiocytosis or histiocytic sarcoma. It is a very serious disease characterized by an abnormal proliferation of histiocytes, forming solid tumor masses. It causes the death of the animal quite quickly.

Finally, avoid running it when it comes to eating. He is not afraid of bad weather, but with his fur, he is sensitive to heatstroke.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 1 and 14 puppies

Major concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Gastric torsion
Minor concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Willebrand disease
Congenital portosystemic shunt
Occasional concerns
Heat stroke
Ear mites
Ear infections
Suggested tests

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets advises you to take out Bernese Mountain dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 7 years

Maximum: 9 years

The life expectancy of a Bernese Mountain Dog is, on average, between 7 years and 9 years.

Calculate the human age of your Bernese Mountain Dog!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

After a walk, it is not necessary to brush or wash it. The dirt on its hair will fall off on its own after a few minutes if the dog stays dry. The Bernese Mountain Dog moult is constant, but is accentuated in spring and autumn. During these periods, do not hesitate to increase the frequency of brushing

Brushing of the hair should be weekly. A minimum bath per year is sufficient for its maintenance and to preserve its magnificent coat. The passage to the bath can be more periodic (every 3 months or more), but the Bernese Mountain Dog   has the particularity of having a self-cleaning hair . Brush her teeth 2-3 times a week to prevent bad breath and tartar buildup, and trim her fingernails once a month . Since dogs’ nails contain blood vessels, it is best to seek advice from a vet if you have never done so.

Like all other dogs, care should be taken to clean their ears regularly to avoid any risk of infection.

Price and budget

Purchase price

1000 €
2000 €

The purchase price of a Bernese Mountain Dog is between 1000 € and 2000 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1,500
1600 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Bernese Mountain Dog is between € 1,500 and € 1,600.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

Famous Bernese Mountain Dogs

Luiggi and Luizia : these are the two Bernese Mountain Dogs of Dany Boon and his wife Yaël , who particularly appreciates this breed. The French actor adopted the dogs in 2015 from a breeding farm in the Dordogne, Haras de Lavergne.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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Which dog to choose between a Bernese Mountain Dog and an Australian Shepherd?

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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