Dog education methods

Illustration : "Les méthodes éducatives du chien" and

dogs and wolves have different values, as the fountain says in its famous fable. Therefore, many behaviorists who observe canines in the wild, as well as wandering or free dogs, are gradually bringing us to a new form of understanding, the way of learning and communication needed to realize the welfare of dogs. Domestication connects dogs and people much more than it seems. Human beings have made great efforts to adapt and live around us, which is a good sign. We can repay him by questioning our educational methods. What is dog education? Communication and learning are valuable to dogs. Does dog education refer to the mandatory method of regulating operation or the positive method? In addition to obedience, dog education is a reflection of philosophy or mental state. What is dog education?

dog education is a traditional obedience method. Does it teach dogs to sit, lie down, don’t move and do the right thing? Dog education is completely different! Facts have proved that this is a more complex problem, because it is based on learning to live in a human environment, because domestic dogs or pet dogs, and even working dogs, need to be educated in order to integrate into an environment specific to non own species. He must learn to accept touch, accept the belt, come back to you in ballads, stay calm in a strange place, accept hugs, control himself in the game, don’t bark unnecessarily, eat at a fixed time, not do anything… Live with a neighbor’s cat or passers-by on the street.

communication and learning are very valuable to the dog

. Dogs use two familiar abilities: communication and learning. In ethology, dog communication is a signal sent by a person, that is, the owner, which affects the behavior of the receiver in a way that is at least conducive to the transmitter and, if possible, to the transmitter and receiver. For example, when you tell a dog that he must stop on the sidewalk with you before crossing the road, the stop signal you show him and the enhanced stop signal when you stop are good for you because you avoid danger, It can keep you from chasing your dog because it may cross the road in front of the car. This form of communication is integrated into dog education. In our world, there is also an advantage that your dog will not be crushed.

and

learning are defined by changing dog behavior. The dog will experience with you every day, constantly learning, thinking and remembering the expectations of him in some cases.

Therefore, dog education is a set of techniques used under the intervention of one person to ensure that learning leads to the predictive response of dogs.

dog education refers to the

operating conditions. According to Skinner, operating conditions in dog education, It is “to change the possibility of behavior according to the consequences of behavior”. Therefore, the behavior a person wants to see his dog take depends on the consequences associated with it, whether or not the dog thinks these consequences are pleasant.

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Therefore, the operational conditioned reflex takes advantage of the dog’s motivational factors: either it is the main reinforcement, which is spontaneously recognized by the dog and is usually related to happiness (food, going out, getting off the bus, meeting dog friends, playing, etc.), or it is secondary and unnatural to the dog (the sound a dog learns is related to something that has a positive impact on the dog; if it becomes good to the dog, touch it). A dog may be happy with some rewards, while others are not. It’s a matter of personality, temperament, lifestyle or feeling.

The operating conditions of

include four learning methods to increase or reduce the occurrence of behavior: positive (P +) or negative (P -) punishment, positive (R +) or negative (R -) reinforcement Dogs can naturally understand effective regulation methods, just like social communication codes, anything that helps them integrate into human daily life.

mandatory or positive methods?

the main educational methods can be two types (haverbeke et al., 2008):

coercion: Based on condemnation and unpleasant feelings (P + and R -) The dog listens or “obeys” out of fear. In order to avoid physical or physical pain, the dog gives up any action that has not found a way to escape. He has no choice. These methods are still used, such as electric necklaces or pointed necklaces, although some laws prohibit them. Cooperation, sometimes called “positive”: Based on reward and pleasure (R + and P -) to the dog Dogs listen and “obey” through jealousy. They adhere to and understand their interests, become participants in learning, and feel happy or no pain / discomfort physically or psychologically. In addition to obedience, dog education is a reflection of dog

philosophy or mentality “Dog education can no longer rely on these cliches that have been unveiled by scientists, because there is no basis for the idea that ‘

also reads: educate dogs with ‘

‘ click.” The hierarchical principle and dominant relationship between people and dogs; who the dog has a positive relationship with and who has a negative relationship with, which is the balance of interaction between different people and dogs. The concept of “dog guilt” believes that it has made a mistake His attitude is not a realistic emotional state, nor can it reflect the actual behavior of the dog. Understanding dogs, using cooperative methods, promoting learning and choice, and considering the quality of the relationship between dogs and people are the keys to make dog education a moral practice that meets the requirements of dog welfare. This paper is inspired and excerpted from the paper published by Charlotte Duranton at the

veterinary Protection Association (VPA) meeting on March 31, 2019

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