Dogue de Bordeaux

Other names: Dogue d’Aquitaine, French Mastiff, French Mastiff

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The Dogue de Bordeaux is a massive dog, powerful, very muscular and stocky, but of harmonious construction as a whole. Its appearance is typical of the Molossoid, with its skull character that is wider than it is deep and a very marked stop.



Photo: Dogue de Bordeaux dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin France
Template Giant
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 45 kg to 50 kg From 58 cm to 66 cm
Male From 50 kg to 52 kg From 60 cm to 68 cm
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History of the breed

The Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest French dog breeds. He is said to be descended from Alan Vautre (dog from Aquitaine). Until the middle of the 19th century, it was not well known outside its region of origin, Aquitaine.

Bred for combat and big game hunting , it was also used by butchers for the protection of their livestock. The breed almost died out after World War II, but passionate breeders have managed to keep it. The breed was definitively recognized by the FCI on January 1, 1954.

Dogue de Bordeaux Pictures

Photo of Rocky, Dogue de BordeauxPhoto of Dixy, Dogue de BordeauxPhoto of Diablo, Dogue de BordeauxPhoto of Attila, Dogue de BordeauxPhoto by Doc mamour, Dogue de BordeauxPhoto of Biaggi, Dogue de Bordeaux

See all photos of Dogue de Bordeaux from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: short, fine and soft in texture.
Its color: unicolour, in all shades of fawn (from mahogany to Isabelle). Small white markings on the chest and at the end of the legs are tolerated.
Its head: massive, angular, in the shape of a trapezoid seen from the front, crisscrossed with symmetrical and mobile wrinkles on either side of the central furrow. The stop is very pronounced, almost forming a right angle with the chamfer.
His ears: small in size compared to the whole, darker in color than the dress, slightly raised at their attachment, drooping, but without being hanging, attached rather high.
His eyes: oval in shape, hazelnut to dark brown, displaying a frank and determined look.
His body: powerful, with the top line well supported, the withers well marked, the back broad and with developed musculature, the short and solid kidney, the powerful chest, the ribs well sprung and lowered, the belly rather raised and firm .
Its tail: strong at its attachment, reaching the hock (no more), carried low and loosely. Raised at a right angle or at 120 ° when the dog is in action, without rolling up.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Dogue de Bordeaux is an affectionate dog, very attached to his master and his family , calm and extremely reactive . In this, he is an excellent companion dog, especially since he is rather gentle with children. From his past as a fighting dog, he inherited remarkable determination and courage , without being aggressive. By virtue of his strength, his protective instinct and his dissuasive aspect, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a high level guardian.

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The Dogue de Bordeaux can very well take advantage of its imposing dimensions to gain the upper hand , especially in the male who has a dominant character . That is why this dog must be firmly educated from an early age. His will to please his master and his encouragement will do the rest.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

Due to its imposing size, the Dogue de Bordeaux is much happier in a house with a fenced garden than in an apartment. It is suitable for people who know how to demonstrate both firmness and availability. He adapts to all family situations.


Ease of gaining weight

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a robust dog, but it is one of the breeds that are predisposed to certain conditions, including hip dysplasia , eye (entropion, ectropion) and cardiac (aortic stenosis) pathologies. It is mainly concerned by hyperkeratosis of the pads, also called nasoplantar keratoderma: a skin condition characterized by skin thickening located in the pads. It can cause cracking and bleeding with pain. Screening helps reduce the risk of this condition appearing in puppies.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 5 and 8 puppies

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends insurance for Dogue de Bordeaux dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 12 years

The life expectancy of a Dogue de Bordeaux is, on average, between 10 years and 12 years.

Calculate the human age of your Dogue de Bordeaux!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Dogue de Bordeaux remains subject to moderate shedding and hair loss . It requires little maintenance, but it should never be neglected.

It is recommended to use a rubber glove to clean the dog’s coat once a week. Stretching becomes more frequent during the moulting period. One should pay special attention to cleaning the wrinkles from his face in order to prevent infections. His ears and eyes should also be checked quite often.

Price and budget

Purchase price

1000 €
1500 €

The purchase price of a Dogue de Bordeaux is between 1000 € and 1500 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1,850
1950 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Dogue de Bordeaux is between € 1,850 and € 1,950.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Dogue de Bordeaux!


His diet must be exclusively composed of premium quality kibble to avoid any growth problem to which he may be subject in his youth. Do not hesitate to approach a veterinarian to rationalize him and find his best diet .

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

He needs 2 daily outings for his physical, mental and emotional well-being. He doesn’t ask for a lot of exercise outside of his walks, which he should never be deprived of.


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

your dogue de bordeaux


dogue de bordeaux

Message from Valerie Chevalier

Change of dogue de bordeaux croquette

Guest message

Who knows DogCompagnie in Bordeaux?

Message from vdidogcompagnie

Demonstration in Bordeaux … January 14, 2012

Message from Joo

Do you have a question about the Dogue de Bordeaux?
Do not hesitate to ask Woopets visitors for advice on the forum!

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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