Finnish Lapland Dog

Other names: Suomenlapinkoira, Finnish Lapponian Dog, Finnish Lapphund

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The Finnish Lapland Dog is a Spitz-type dog, of medium size, of a robust and powerful constitution, with a very thick coat. Its length is slightly greater than its height at the withers. The gait of the Finnish Lapland Dog gives it an impression of speed and agility, going easily from trot to gallop.



Photo: Finnish Lapland Dog breed on Woopets
Hair type Long
Origin Finland
Template Average
Head shape Triangular
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 18 kg to 20 kg From 41 cm to 47 cm
Male From 19 kg to 21 kg From 46 cm to 52 cm
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History of the breed

The Lapp people used dogs close to the Finnish Lapland dog , as we know it today, for centuries for the care of their reindeer herds . The first breed standard was published by the Finnish Kennel Club in 1945. Standard which has been revised several times thereafter. The Finnish Lapland Dog has become very popular throughout Finland, especially as a companion dog. The breed was definitively recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique) on August 22, 1955.

Finnish Lapland Dog Pictures

Photo of Twosocks, Finnish Lapland DogPhoto of Kayla, Finnish Lapland DogPhoto of Asky, Finnish Lapland DogPhoto of Zorro, Finnish Lapland Dog

View all Lapland Finnish Dog photos of Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: long, dense and very abundant. The mane is even more developed in males. The outer coat is long and harsh. It is associated with a softer and denser undercoat. Shorter on the front of the feet.
Its color: all shades with a dominant color and markings on the head, neck, chest, stomach, feet and tail.
His head: strongly drawn and rather large. The skull is broad and slightly convex, the forehead dome-shaped. The frontal groove and the stop are clearly defined.
His ears: triangular in shape, medium in size, very mobile, erect or semi-erect.
His eyes: oval in shape, dark brown in color in accordance with that of the dress. Display a gentle and friendly expression.
His body: apparently solid, writable in a rectangle. The neck is medium in length, strong and covered with profuse hair. The withers are muscular, broad and slightly pronounced. The back is strong and straight, the loins muscular, the croup moderately long and well developed, the chest deep, long and not very broad. The ribs are slightly arched. The bottom line and the belly are only moderately raised.
Its tail: set high, of medium length, covered with abundant and long hair. Curved to the back or side when the dog is in action, hanging down when it is at rest.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

the   Finnish Lapland Dog   is an intelligent , courageous , calm , docile , friendly, trustworthy and very alert dog. He is affectionate with members of his family, but can be wary of strangers. Originally bred for driving and guarding reindeer herds, today he is an excellent companion dog. He hardly supports loneliness.

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By virtue of his obedient character and intelligence , the   Finnish Lapland dog can be educated quite easily. His education and socialization must be early , of quality and without brutality. Positive reinforcement, that is to say praise, caresses or even sweets to enrich him, is ideal. He shows incredible loyalty to his master, whom he seeks to please.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   Finnish Lapland Dog   is clearly not made to live in an apartment because, in particular, of his need for space and the maintenance of his hair. A house with a large fenced garden would be perfect for this dog.


Ease of gaining weight

Of solid constitution, the Finnish Lapland dog enjoys good health and excellent protection against cold and bad weather thanks to its double, long and dense coat. It is necessary to supervise it in case of high temperatures, which it does not appreciate, at the risk of suffering a heat stroke. Side pathological predispositions, we will mainly monitor his eye health , because the risk of generalized retinal atrophy can occur in some subjects as cataracts.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 9 puppies

Major concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Minor concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Degenerative myelopathy
Occasional concerns
Suggested tests
Degenerative myelopathy

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends a Lapland Finnish dog dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Finnish Lapland Dog is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Finnish Lapland Dog!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

the   Finnish Lapland Dog   is subject to 2 moults per year during which hair loss is important , especially in spring. It requires regular maintenance, but not particularly restrictive.

It is recommended to brush the dog once or twice a week , especially to avoid knots. During shedding, brushing should be done every day to remove dead hair. It can be bathed once or twice a year and does not need to be groomed.

His eyes and ears should be checked regularly to make sure there is no trace of dirt or any infection. His teeth need to be brushed to eliminate the build-up of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria. Finally, if they do not wear out naturally, his nails need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian.

Price and budget

Purchase price

900 €
1500 €

The purchase price of a Finnish Lapland Dog is between 900 € and 1500 €.

Annual maintenance cost

Max € 500
800 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Finnish Lapland Dog is between € 500 and € 800.

Name ideas for a Finnish Lapland dog


None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find the name of your Finnish Lapland Dog!


The Finnish Lapland Dog can be satisfied with industrial dog food . His diet, divided into 2 meals a day , must be adapted to his weight, size, age and level of activity.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

the   Finnish Lapland Dog   needs frequent and long outings to exercise . He particularly enjoys outdoor activities. He is a very lively dog who enjoys daily exercise. It is aimed at very active owners. Daily play sessions can help satisfy his need for exercise. This dog can excel in dog sports, due to his intelligence and remarkable athleticism.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

We talk on the forum

Differences between Finnish, Swedish and Lapland Shepherd dog

Message from Pauline F

bam the dog now bam the dog’s revenge

Message from angeacorne

Amazing – a dog saves another dog

Message from Joo

My dog has doggy breath!

Message from Jérôme Bernier

My dog got into a fight with another dog and he got hurt …

Message from Nicole

Do you have a question about the Finnish Lapland Dog?
Do not hesitate to ask Woopets visitors for advice on the forum!

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 5: Spitz-type and primitive-type dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1955


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