Other names: Havana Silk Dog, Havanese, Havanese

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The Bichon Havanais is a vigorous little pleasure and companion dog, low on legs and with a lively and flexible pace which is characterized by its great sociability. Her dress is made of long and abundant hair. Particularly strong and enduring breed, it adapts perfectly to any environment.



Photo: Bichon Havanais dog on Woopets

Hypoallergenic breed Hypoallergenic breed

Hair type Long
Origin Cuba
Template Small
Head shape Square
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 4 kg to 5 kg From 23 cm to 27 cm
Male From 4 kg to 6 kg From 23 cm to 27 cm
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History of the breed

The Bichon Havanais is one of the 4 breeds of bichon, along with the Maltese, the Bolognese and the curly-haired one. If it bears the name of the capital of Cuba, it is mainly because it has been implemented by Italian and Spanish sailors in the early 18th century. The Havanese is a breed originating in the Mediterranean, more precisely on the side of the Spanish and Italian coasts, the breed was definitively recognized by the FCI in September 1963.

Bichon Havanais Pictures

Photo of Ory, Bichon HavanaisPhoto of Snow, HavanesePhoto of Youri, Bichon HavanaisPhoto of Fiji, Bichon HavanaisPhoto of Rémi, Bichon HavanaisPhoto of Lou, Bichon Havanais

See all Bichon Havanais photos from Woopets members

Physical features

His coat: the covering coat is long, abundant, of soft texture and, preferably, wavy. The undercoat is poorly developed, if not absent, and woolly.
Its color: rarely pure white over the entire coat, more often fawn, black, brown, reddish brown. Stains associated with these colors are allowed.
Its head: of medium length. The skull is broad and flat or very slightly domed. The stop is moderately marked.
His ears: set high, falling along the cheeks, with moderately marked pointed ends and covered with long fringes.
His eyes: almond-shaped, large, dark brown in color with dark outlines (dark brown to black).
Its body: slightly greater in length than the height at the withers. The top line is straight, the croup well sloping, the ribs well sprung and the bottom line well raised.
Its tail: raised in the shape of a butt or ideally rolled up on the back. Covered with long silky fringes.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Havanese knows how to use his charm, his affection and his natural cheerfulness to be appreciated as an excellent companion dog . He is also very alert and particularly attentive, which makes him a very good alert dog . The Havanese is also a first choice play partner for children, which he will often tend to want to amuse thanks to his clown side. There is no point in leaving him at home alone, he cannot stand loneliness.

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Thanks to his alert character , his intelligence and his cheerful temperament , the Havanese is educated quite easily , in particular through the game to which he will always lend himself willingly. As long as he receives a fair education, in a cheerful way and without excessive punishments or treats, the Havanese will be a very pleasant company throughout his life.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Havanese is primarily an indoor dog . He seeks proximity to his master and his family . The possibility of enjoying an outdoor space where he can move freely would not displease him either, especially since it would allow him to fully express his talents as a warning dog.


Ease of gaining weight

Robust dog and generally showing a good longevity (about fifteen years on average), the Havanese does not show any particular health problems. It is nevertheless advisable to monitor his kneecaps , to prevent any risk of dislocation , and his teeth , in order to avoid tartar deposits . These are the main points to watch out for, as with most small dogs. Care must be taken to spare it from cold and humidity.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 1 and 9 puppies

To protect yourself from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets advises you to take out insurance for Bichon Havanais dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Havanese is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Calculate the human age of your Havanese!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Havanese is subject to only one moult per year , during which it loses moreover relatively little hair. Its maintenance must be regular because of the length of its top coat , but it is far from unpleasant, because its coat is soft and easy to handle.

Brushing the Havanese is daily in order to maintain the cleanliness of his long dress . The main thing is to ensure the shine of the hair , the good health of the skin and to avoid the formation of knots. A grooming session may be necessary from time to time, but it is not recommended to cut your hair. It is advisable to brush the teeth of the Havanese regularly, because the tartar tends to be deposited.

Price and budget

Purchase price

800 €
1300 €

The purchase price of a Havanese is between 800 € and 1300 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 850
950 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Havanese is between 850 € and 950 €.

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The diet of the Havanese must consist of high quality kibble, given according to the desired ration and recommended by a veterinarian. A healthy and balanced diet allows him to live for about fifteen years.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Havanese needs daily walks . This is the minimum for him, even if he is not particularly a great sportsman . Above all, he needs attention and play.


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1963


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