Other names: Samoyed, Samoiedskaïa Sabaka

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The Samoyed is a medium-sized Spitz-type dog. Elegant, dignified and confident, he is also distinguished by his strength and endurance. The Samoyed also gives the impression of smiling thanks to the particular position of the corners of his lips and his eyes. The Samoyed is basically a sled dog. Over time, he has adapted perfectly to the life of a companion dog, as long as he has enough space to play and run. He is gentle and friendly, especially with children. Always cheerful, he will bring constant happiness to his home. It does not present any defect and is not fragile in terms of its health.



Photo: Samoyed dog on Woopets

Hypoallergenic breed Hypoallergenic breed

Hair type Long
Origin Russia
Template Average
Head shape Long
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 15 kg to 22 kg From 48 cm to 53 cm
Male From 20 kg to 30 kg From 53 cm to 57 cm
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History of the breed

A very old race, originating in the cold regions of northern Russia and Siberia, the Samoyed owes its name to the tribe that lived in this region extremely marked by the harsh winter conditions. Appreciated for his endurance and boundless energy, the Samoyed was quickly used as a sled dog by locals. Representatives of the breed were brought back to England in 1889 by the British zoologist Ernest Kilburn. The first standard of the Samoyed was drafted in England in 1909. The breed was definitively recognized by the FCI on June 26, 1959.

Samoyed Pictures

Photo of Joytika, SamoyedPhoto by Romance, SamoyedPhoto of Hatchi, SamoyedPhoto of Jelly-pie, SamoyedPhoto of Vanille, SamoyedPhoto of Abby, Samoyed

See all photos of Samoyed from Woopets members

Physical features

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Samoyed is an independent dog , who likes to own his territory . He is never against hugs , especially from the children he adores . Indeed, he is of a playful, joyful and jovial nature . His good nature makes him an excellent companion dog . It should not be used as a guard dog because it does not have the qualities or characteristics. He will not know how to be suspicious of a stranger. He prefers to play and have fun. Even if he is independent , he enjoys the company of his master. He is gentle and caring .

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The relationship between the Samoyed and his master must be done on the basis of trust . Once won by the dog, it will be unsinkable. However, the Samoyed is not an easily educable breed. Indeed, he is stubborn and does not hesitate to disobey if this relationship of trust is shaky. It should start at an early age. He must learn the basics of education quickly and properly. You have to be patient to achieve your goals, and not hesitate to go through a professional trainer who will teach the best moves to do. Otherwise, he can sometimes be a little stubborn and tend to bark frequently.

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Samoyed is happy in a house with a large fenced garden . It should nevertheless be avoided the too strong heat of a home in winter. He enjoys family life and the company of children. It is therefore suitable for all family situations , as long as its master does not allow himself to be overtaken and can allow him to exercise regularly. Nordic dog, the Samoyed needs to run and stretch its paws throughout the day. Thus, episodic outings are not enough for him. Above all, indoor life is not for him .


Ease of gaining weight

Robust , resistant and endowed with an abundant double coat, the Samoyed bears very well the harsh climates of winter, but much less the strong heat. The Samoyed very rarely gets sick. Thus, it does not present any hereditary pathological condition . Like all large dogs, it is important to pay attention to hip dysplasia and therefore moderate their physical activity during the first years of their life.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 5 and 9 puppies

Major concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Hip dysplasia
Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy (SHG)
Minor concerns
Patella dislocation
Occasional concerns
Diabetic sugar
Suggested tests

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends insurance for Samoyed dogs .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 10 years

Maximum: 14 years

The life expectancy of a Samoyed is, on average, between 10 years and 14 years.

Calculate the human age of your Samoyed!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The male Samoyed knows one moult per year. The female, on the other hand, moults twice a year. These moults are abundant and annoying for people who do not like hair in their home. The long, white coat of the dog requires permanent maintenance which is not easy for the Samoyed, especially during periods of molting.

It is recommended to brush the dog with a card or a stiff bristle brush . Brushing should be weekly at the usual time, but becomes daily during the moulting period . The bath can be given at the beginning of the moult, which makes it possible to eliminate a maximum of dead hairs. It is preferable to use a special shampoo for white-haired dogs to wash the Samoyed .

Regular brushing of the dog’s teeth helps eliminate tartar build-up and the growth of bacteria. His ears and his eyes should be checked frequently. If they don’t wear out naturally, her fingernails need to be clipped. Too long, they risk causing pain and problems moving. Note that dog nails contain blood vessels; to avoid any accident, it is therefore advisable to seek advice from a veterinarian.

Price and budget

Purchase price

900 €
1300 €

The purchase price of a Samoyed is between 900 € and 1300 €.

Annual maintenance cost

€ 1300
€ 1350

The annual maintenance cost of a Samoyed is between € 1300 and € 1350.

Name ideas for a Samoyed

My pretty

None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find the name of your Samoyed!


Like all Nordic dogs, the Samoyed needs a strong intake of vitamins, fats and trace elements. Items to add to human food that it can easily ingest such as meat, fresh vegetables and starches. Processed food like high quality kibble also goes very well.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Samoyed needs a lot of exercise to get energized. He was selected for his skills as a sled dog , which makes him an avid dog for activity. Simple daily walks are therefore not enough to promote balance and well-being.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 5: Spitz-type and primitive-type dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1959


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