Hip dysplasia in and
dogs is a serious defect, and buyers can ask for a refund. In other words, if this joint disease is a punishment for quadrupeds,
this disease mainly occurs in medium-sized to very large dogs. Hip dysplasia may be particularly embarrassing and painful for the affected animals. However, it can be treated medically or surgically to reduce the burden on these dogs.
the hip or hip joint consists of the femoral head and is inserted into the acetabular fossa at the level of the pelvic bone. This joint is maintained by different mechanisms: through a ligament connecting the head and the bottom of the acetabular fossa, a fibrous joint capsule and a huge muscle mass.
hip dysplasia: what is this and how does it affect the life of dogs? Hip dysplasia in
dogs is characterized by insufficient or abnormal support of the femoral head in the pelvic cavity.
in this case, ligaments are usually used to maintain the support and unity of the femur and the cavity, It is called the sigmoid sinus or acetabular fossa, and the fibers that make up the joint capsule are relaxed. This can lead to excessive flexibility (excessive relaxation) and hip instability.
hip joint instability can lead to secondary injury during animal walking, because abnormal joint movement can lead to abnormal wear and deformation of bones.
For dogs with this joint disease, the daily effects can be disastrous. Hip dysplasia does cause severe pain. In addition, it can cause osteoarthritis, making it difficult for animals to move. He may even have difficulty standing with his paws.
dogs have hip dysplasia, which affects the quality of life and activity of quadrupeds.
comes from genetics, but not just
. The main cause of dog hip dysplasia is genetic (40% of cases). In general, this hereditary arthropathy is most affected by dogs, whether large, large or medium-sized. For example, the most common cases occur in dog breeds, such as St. Bernard, Newfoundland, Rottweiler, Berne shepherd, German dog, Anatolia shepherd, German shepherd, Labrador hound, golden retriever, Cain COSO, Spanish cork and epanier. Hip dysplasia is difficult to eliminate in the affected lines because it has several genetic sources. Healthy parents can easily give birth to dysplastic puppies… The genetic characteristics of this disease are not the only problem. Other causes of dysplasia are still unknown, involving abnormal joint morphology (excessive capsule relaxation, abnormal joint collagen, excessive synovial fluid…)
However, there are also some aggravating factors, such as excessive exercise, injury caused by falling or shock, overweight and excessive or insufficient diet. Therefore, it is not recommended that puppies take frequent stairs (up to 1 year old), or feed too much energy (making puppies prone to overweight) or too much calcium (disturbing bone metabolism).Gnostic
suspected that the most common symptoms of hip dysplasia in dogs were abnormal gait and running (“rabbit running”, claudication), stiffness, hip muscle dysplasia, prominent hip bones and difficulty in standing.
The veterinarian uses X-rays to diagnose and check the mobility and orthopedic characteristics of the dog. The veterinarian will perform different operations on the joints to restore the femoral head to its original position (Ortolani test, Barden test), If these tests are positive, hip dysplasia will be diagnosed. If they are negative, further examination is needed to confirm or overturn this hypothesis. X-rays are performed on anesthetized animals because X-rays must be performed under pressure: both hind limbs must be extended, which is uncomfortable for animals.
X-rays will also determine the stage of animal dysplasia, There are five stages: from stage a (healthy animals) to stage e (severe dysplasia). The drug management of
in the treatment of
hip dysplasia is mainly to give dogs anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain. Other drugs can be prescribed to prevent the deterioration of osteoarthritis, such as cartilage protective agents.
surgical management can take different forms, depending on the particularity of the dog to be operated on (age, size, severity, other diseases, etc.). If the animal is young and has no secondary injury, preventive measures can be taken:
is a kind of adolescent pubic symphysis tissue: it is a kind of surgery to prevent the growth of part of the pelvis, Ideally, the operation time is 12 to 16 weeks, up to 5 months. Triple pelvic osteotomy repositions the femoral head, and the operation time is 6 to 10 months.
if the animal already has osteoarthritis, the method will be therapeutic:
Head and femoral neck fall off: this operation can remove painful bones, but it can only be performed on small and medium-sized varieties. Total hip arthroplasty is used to replace the head and femoral neck of dogs over 20 kg at the end of growth. The selection of
surgery should always be discussed with the treatment veterinarian and experts in order to select the best solution for the dog.