Main first aid measures for dog injury

Illustration : "Les principaux soins d'urgence en cas d'accident d'un chien"

in case of an accident, you must take your dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible, even if it looks good. In some cases, you may be asked to make emergency gestures to your dog before it is taken to the veterinarian.

executive summary

first aid gestures training cardiovascular resuscitation how to find the dog’s pulse? Bleeding and fracture traffic accident poisoning respiratory distress diarrhea eye injury insect bite or snake bite heat stroke burn

as a dog owner, you must know that these first aid measures can save your partner’s life. In an emergency, your gestures must be accurate and automatic. To avoid panic on the day this happens, practice!

first aid gesture training

has special training in order to train or improve your skills. Over the past few years, France has provided first aid training. You will learn the theoretical basis, but most importantly, you will practice what you have learned through real case simulation on a very realistic manikin.

cardiovascular resuscitation

if your dog doesn’t move or answer the phone, please put it on the right. Call your veterinarian immediately or anyone who may cause you to see a doctor urgently. Never drive alone with your sick dog. In fact, on the way to rescue, you will be asked to use cardiovascular resuscitation. This is to ensure that the blood does not stop irrigating your animal’s brain and important organs.

steps to resuscitate your dog:

clean your animal’s respiratory tract: open its mouth, pull its tongue, and remove anything (mucus, objects) that may hinder its breathing. Then make sure the neck and head are straight to form a clean column of air. Before starting any artificial respiration, make sure your animal is not breathing. To do this, close his mouth, put your hand around him, and then put your cheek close to his nose. You can also use mirror technology to place a mirror or a surface with windows (mobile phone, etc.) in front of your animal’s nose. If you observe blisters, it is your animal’s natural ventilation. If you don’t, or if you don’t breathe on your cheeks, you can continue word-of-mouth. Always put your hand on his nose and blow in his nostrils five times. Usually, when you blow, his abdomen will swell. Wait for it to disengage to restart operation. For puppies, artificial respiration is carried out through the mouth and truffle at the same time. Check his heartbeat. Measure your dog’s pulse from the inside of his thigh (this is to feel the pulse of his femur). If you are sure your dog’s heart is no longer beating, you can start a heart massage. To do this, determine where your dog’s elbow (forepaw joint) contacts the chest and use it as a benchmark for massage. For a big dog, put your hands together. For medium dogs, use only the bottom of the palm. For puppies or puppies, use only the thumb. After 30 quick, regular compressions, blow twice into the dog’s nostrils. Check your animal’s breathing every two minutes. Continue to massage and breathe for 20 minutes. How can I find his dog’s pulse?

only needs to find one to find the dog’s pulseArteries. The most easily felt is the femoral artery in the thigh. The pulse can be measured in a standing or supine position (easier to start). Place two fingers on the groin (the junction of thigh and abdomen) and move along the inner thigh without seeking pressure. You will feel a softer area where the femoral artery is exposed. From this moment, calculate the “shock” times of 15 seconds; Multiply by 4 and you will get your dog’s heart rate per minute (the normal heart rate is 70 to 180 beats per minute, depending on the breed).

bleeding and fracture

your dog may break or lose too much blood. In case of fracture, do not fix the relevant area, especially the leg. Let your dog put it where he likes. In other words, at the place where he suffered the least, the bleeding of


must be stopped whether it is serious or not. To do this, first press the wound with a sterile cloth, then bandage the wound, and then seek emergency medical treatment. Choose the one nearest to your home.

do you know? Blood donation also exists in dogs. Please consult your veterinarian for blood donation conditions.

traffic accident

if your dog loses consciousness in the accident, please gently put it on the right side. Keep the spine straight to avoid further fractures. If you notice an open wound, wrap it with a clean cloth. Call the vet as soon as possible. Check if your dog’s respiratory tract is blocked. Otherwise, gently pull his tongue. Before your veterinarian arrives, keep your animal quiet and limit its activities as much as possible.

pain or blood loss will cause your dog to shock, and its reaction and reaction may be affected. Stay alert.


if poisoned, The first reaction was to call the veterinarian. You must not let your dog vomit by itself. In fact, if the ingested product is irritant, it will burn the digestive tract for absorption and reflux. If you know the source of the poisoning, take a sample or package of the poison to the veterinarian. The veterinarian will be responsible for contacting a veterinary poison control center, which will be most capable of providing advice on dog treatment.

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breathing. In case of an accident, the animal’s breathing may be damaged, i.e. more than 40 breaths per minute. Let your dog know that you are calm because your pet needs you to deal with this situation. On the other hand, if you breathe less than 15 times per minute, it means your dog has difficulty breathing. In this case, your pet must be taken care of by a professional immediately. Shock may manifest itself in different ways, depending on the dog. Take your pet to the vet.


your dog may be suffocated by anything swallowed, such as toys, food, tissue or other things. In this case, put your finger into the animal’s mouth and scan the bottom of its throat to find something blocking the respiratory tract. Be careful, your dog may bite you, because your hand in his mouth will make him uncomfortable. On the other hand, if the dog coughs, let it come.Don’t intervene immediately. Coughing is the best way to expel foreign bodies from the respiratory tract. However, if the animal stops coughing without spitting out what has been swallowed, and you cannot touch it with your fingers, you need to take first aid measures.


if your dog has diarrhea, please call your veterinarian to arrange a one-day appointment. At the same time (if his overall condition is still satisfactory), keep warm, put him in the diet, don’t feed him, but give him as much water as possible, he shouldn’t be dehydrated. If your pet’s overall condition seems to be deteriorating (fatigue, vomiting, fever, etc.) or if there is blood in the stool, please take it directly to the veterinarian.

light dogs and dogs should be taken care of quickly to avoid rapid degradation.

eye injury

if your dog has eye swelling, bleeding or trauma, it may be caused by several factors:

allergy, insect bite and shock of various objects…

“If your dog hurts his eyes, try flushing with normal saline to remove foreign bodies. Eye injuries are always painful. Most importantly, prevent your dog from scratching the affected eyes. If the wound looks serious, cover it with gauze or wet cloth, and then transfer it to your veterinarian immediately.

insect bite or snake bite

if your dog is bitten by wasps, keep cool and don’t do any exercise. Pay attention to your pet. If the wound is still swollen or breathing is difficult, please take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible. If bitten by a bee, don’t pinch it and take out the dart.

your dog may be allergic to bee or wasp bites. In that case, the reaction is quick. Like humans, dogs also have “quink edema”. His throat was swollen and he had difficulty breathing. All the tissues and mucous membranes reacted. This is an important emergency and may cause anaphylactic shock. The veterinarian nearest to your home will give him appropriate corticosteroids and adrenaline treatment in case of emergency.

if he is bitten by a snake (usually at the truffle), keep still as far as possible and take him to the veterinarian.


in high temperatures and increasingly frequent heat waves, your dog may suffer from heatstroke, especially if it is short of water or exposed to the sun for a long time. Heat stroke can cause brain edema and may show typical warning symptoms: panting, rectal temperature exceeding 40 ° C, and then fainting or even loss of consciousness. If heatstroke is not treated in time, it may lead to the death of your pet.

in order to help your dog in this emergency, you must cool down in about 10 minutes to treat the high temperature. To do this, just water your dog with warm or cold water. Be careful not to cause thermal shock under extreme temperature difference. Put it in a damp linen cloth and take it to your veterinarian. The veterinarian will carefully observe the cooling of your animal and fight shock. Then, he will decide whether to take drugs according to his own situation: corticosteroids, painkillers… Your pet is likely to be hospitalized to monitor his condition and evaluate the medium and long-term impact of heatstroke. The following is a 3-step

burn response

has two types of burns, thermal burns caused by overheating (flame…) and chemical burns caused by chemicals (acid…). The most common is body burns, because there are many heat sources in the dog’s environment. Whether it’s fireplace, barbecue, hot water or sunshine, your dog is not safe.

if you have a first-degree burn, the wound should heal quickly. However, to alleviate this situation, you can water the burned area for about 10 minutes. Then you can go to your veterinarian and he will decide what attitude you should take: painkillers, local care… He may ask you to use honey soothing cream or moisturizer regularly to help repair your skin. For deeper burns (grades 2 and 3), take her to a veterinarian immediately, who can provide her with all the care needed to treat these deeper burns and wounds. In general, your veterinarian may decide to use a special oily dressing (oily Tulle or impregnated dressing) to protect the wound and help heal. In addition, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic treatment can be performed to reduce pain and inflammatory status and avoid possible infection.

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