Other name: Pug

3.7 / 5
64 reviews

The Pug is a fairly popular dog in Europe. It is very appreciated by families or even single people, who do not necessarily need to take it out very often for it to be happy. He is gentle and attentive to his master, with whom he spends the vast majority of his days. He is calm and playful. However, his education is not the easiest. It often takes patience.



Photo: Pug breed dog on Woopets
Hair type Short
Origin China
Template Small
Head shape Round
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 6 kg to 8 kg From 30 cm to 36 cm
Male From 6 kg to 8 kg From 30 cm to 36 cm
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History of the breed

If the development of the breed took place mainly in Great Britain , the deeper origins of the Pug are located in China. He then came to Holland in the 17th century with the merchants of the Dutch East India Company. The accession to the throne of William III favored the introduction of the breed in England. The Pug No doubt owes its name to the Italian actor Carlo Antonio Bertinazzi (1710-1783), perhaps because of his black mask which evokes those worn by the artist during his performances.

The original valid breed standard was published on March 26, 2009.

Carlin Pictures

Photo of Roxy, CarlinPhoto by Virgule, CarlinPhoto of Lolita, PugPhoto of Windos, CarlinPhoto of Charly, CarlinPhoto by Kenzo, Carlin

View all photos of Carlin from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: short, fine, smooth, soft and shiny. Never hard or woolly.
Its color: fawn, apricot, black or silver. The colors are very clear and the contrasts clear.
His head: large, round, with a flat top, a frowning face and clearly marked lines on the forehead.
His ears: small, thin and soft. In pink (small, folding back) or in button (flag falling forward, the end covering the opening of the ear).
His eyes: large, protruding and dark in color. They display an expression combining gentleness, affection and concern.
Her body : fits in a square, short, with a straight top line, a wide chest and well-fitted sides.
Its tail: tied high with a pronounced curl, ideally a double curl.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

The Carlin is a real concentrate of sweetness . Extremely attached to his master , he can also be very friendly with strangers , which makes him a very pleasant companion dog, but especially not a good guardian . It is especially his jovial temperament that is sought after, especially by children with whom he gets along perfectly. He even has that clown side that keeps the whole family entertained , just like his snores and purrs. The Pug can also be stubborn at times. He enjoys the company and can’t stand being alone.


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Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

The Pug is an indoor dog . It is not built to withstand difficult weather conditions (extreme heat, extreme cold, bad weather …). Living in an apartment suits him perfectly and so does family life. The breed can be suitable for any type of master, whether experienced or not. What does he aspire to? To a calm, restful life , next to his master. He only needs to go out for his needs and stretch his legs from time to time.


Ease of gaining weight

The Pug tolerates heat poorly . In addition, he may face breathing difficulties because of his flattened muzzle . The Pug is especially prone to eye conditions due to the sensitivity of his eyes: redness and inflammation can easily occur if they are not cleaned regularly. In females, problems during childbirth are quite common.

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 2 and 4 puppies

Major concerns
Tracheal collapse
Pigmentary keratitis
Degenerative myelopathy
Corneal ulcer
Minor concerns
Hip dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia
Patella dislocation
Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease
Occasional concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Suggested tests

To protect you from these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Carlin dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 12 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Pug is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Pug!

To choose… 1 year 2 years 3 years Four years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years old 12 years 13 years 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years 18 years old 19 years old 20 years 21 years old

Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

The Pug is not a particularly difficult dog to care for. It simply asks to be brushed regularly, especially during the moult. His hair, skin and eyes must be clean and cared for to avoid disease.

It is recommended to brush the dog weekly using a simple carder (hand carding comb, formed of a board lined with curved steel tips). Brushing becomes daily during the moulting period. The Pug can take a bath if it has become very dirty, but it should not be bathed too frequently. After a bath, the folds of the face, foci of infections, must be dried properly.

The eyes should be cleaned with physiological serum . The folds under the nose and the eyes are also to be cleaned . You should also not hesitate to check the condition of your ears from time to time. Cutting your fingernails is also recommended. If you are new to this, it is best to seek advice from a veterinarian. Finally, brushing your teeth regularly eliminates the build-up of tartar and the proliferation of bacteria.

Price and budget

Purchase price

€ 1,100
1600 €

The purchase price of a Pug is between € 1,100 and € 1,600.

Annual maintenance cost

900 €
950 €

The annual maintenance cost of a Pug is between 900 € and 950 €.

Name ideas for a pug

Spinning top

None of these proposals suit you? Use our tool to find your Pug’s name!


The Pug needs a diet adapted to its energy expenditure, which is often not very important. Therefore, his diet is composed of high quality kibble , which will bring together all the vitamins and nutrients essential for the good health of this canine. Its food should be divided into 2 meals per day . To avoid any risk of obesity to which the Pug may be subject, it is important to give it the appropriate proportions.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

The Pug requires little exercise . He is a relatively homebody dog. His daily outings and a few games allow him to flourish and stay sharp. A few walks may suit him, as long as he is in good company.

Famous Pug Breed Dogs

Percy : This is the name of Governor John Ratcliffe’s Pug in the Pocahontas cartoon. He is a dog with very refined manners and tastes . Wiggings , the servant, brings him everything he needs daily and pampers him. As the story unfolds , Percy gives up his luxurious life and befriends Meeko , Pocahontas’ raccoon.

Bingo and Rolly : these are the 2 protagonists of the children’s television series Le Monde de Bingo and Rolly . The two brothers have fun exploring their neighborhood and the world. Bingo is the most mature, it is always ready to go on an adventure and help people in need. Rolly , less intelligent than her brother, likes to chew on anything he can find.

Horace : In the Poldark series, directed by Debbie Horsfield , Horace is the Pug of wealthy Caroline Penvenen . The animal has a very calm character . Her owner is extremely attached to her little dog, who accompanies her wherever she goes.

Jack Bauer : aka JB , this Pug belongs to Agent Eggsy in the Kingsman: Secret Service and Kingsman: The Golden Circle movies, directed by Matthew Vaughn .

Fortunate : this is the famous Carlin by Joséphine de Beauharnai s . The canine was very possessive of its owner. Obviously, Fortuné , endowed with a very particular character, and Napoleon Bonaparte hardly appreciated each other. Joséphine’s 4-legged companion didn’t get along with the other animals either. But Fortuné remained very attached to the Empress, whom he followed absolutely everywhere.


Classifications & Standards
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

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My pug bitch is expecting cubs

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Adult pug

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French bulldog cross pug

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Behavior of my pug.

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My Pug girl, 4 months old.

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FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs

Recognized by FCI

Since 1966


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