Other name: Petit Batelier

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The Schipperke is a small, lupoid-type sheepdog of a sturdy build. It features a densely furnished robe with a characteristic ruff and mane. The gaits of the Schipperke are characterized by supple, moderately ample and firm movements, with good thrust from the hindquarters.



Photo: Schipperke dog on Woopets
Hair type Half-long
Origin Belgium
Template Small
Head shape Triangular
Weight and size
Sex Weight Cut
Female From 3 kg to 5 kg From 30 cm to 32 cm
Male From 5 kg to 8 kg From 30 cm to 34 cm
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History of the breed

Schipperke Pictures

Photo by GAMIN, SchipperkePhoto by GARANCE, SchipperkePhoto by Balou, SchipperkePhoto by Tosca, SchipperkePhoto by Nina, SchipperkePhoto by Aztec, Schipperke

See all photos of Schipperke from Woopets members

Physical features

His hair: very thick, dense, straight, of hard and firm texture, forming a ruff around the neck, a mane and abundant on the lower region of the neck and on the chest. The outer coat is associated with a softer and tighter undercoat, the whole giving it good protection against cold and humidity.
Its color: only black zain, with an undercoat of the same color or dark gray.
His head: wedge-shaped, in harmony with the body. The forehead is rather broad, the superciliary and zygomatic arches slightly arched, the stop moderately marked, the nose small and black in color, the muzzle tapering towards the nose, the lips black and tight, the jaws articulated in scissors. or pincers and dry cheeks.
His ears: triangular in shape, small in size, straight, set high and very lively.
His eyes: almond-shaped, small in size, dark brown, displaying a piercing expression, full of mischief and liveliness.
His body: stocky, without the impression of heaviness and writable in a square. The top line is straight and tense, the withers well accentuated, the back short and straight, the kidney wide, the croup short and horizontal, the chest well let down to the elbows and broad, the ribs well arched, the line below going up towards the belly without being greyhound.
Its tail: set high, drooping at rest, raised when the dog is in action. Some dogs are born without a tail or with a very short tail.

Behavior and character

Barks / howls

Behavior with others

Cohabitation with children
Sociable with other animals
Love strangers

the   Schipperke is a particularly lively and energetic dog, as much appreciated as a pleasant companion for the whole family , and especially children to whom he is very gentle, as as a guard dog. He is, in fact, very alert and very curious , while being naturally suspicious of strangers. As a result, it will loudly signal any suspicious approach to its owners’ house. Enduring and agile , the Schipperke shows itself to its advantage in various dog sports. It is also characterized by a natural tendency to want to hunt small rodents.

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For this kind of busy dog, it is essential to instill in them behavioral limits early enough. Learning to recall early is important , as is socialization . For the rest, the principles of positive reinforcement help to make the Schipperke an obedient and pleasant dog .

Living conditions

Suitable for apartment living
Good for new masters
Love it hot
Love the cold

the   Schipperke adapts to all lifestyles as long as he enjoys enough activity. He can live in an apartment, but will obviously prefer to have a large fenced garden to express all his energy and satisfy his curiosity.


Ease of gaining weight

the   Schipperke   is a robust and resistant dog , which is also endowed with a good protection against the cold and the bad weather thanks to its double and abundant coat. On the other hand, there are predispositions to certain diseases in this breed, including the following: aseptic necrosis of the femoral head, dermatitis, entropion, hypothyroidism, pemphigus (autoimmune dermatological disease).

Hypoallergenic breed


Litter size

Between 3 and 6 puppies

Major concerns
Patella dislocation
Mucopolysaccharidosis type III
Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head
Minor concerns
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease
Occasional concerns
Suggested tests

To guard against these risks and insure your companion in the event of health problems, Woopets recommends Schipperke dog insurance .

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Life expectancy

Minimum: 13 years old

Maximum: 15 years

The life expectancy of a Schipperke is, on average, between 13 years and 15 years.

Calculate the human age of your Schipperke!

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Maintenance and hygiene

Ease of maintenance
Cost of maintenance
Hair loss
Drool level
Ease of grooming

the   Schipperke is subject to 2 moults per year, usually occurring in spring and fall. Its maintenance does not pose any particular constraint and remains basic.

It is recommended to brush the dog twice a week by going against the grain on the most dense areas (collar, crop …) and in the direction of the hair on the rest of the body. During moulting, brushing should be daily. Baths, on the other hand, should not be too frequent.

Its hair, ears, eyes and pads should be examined after each outing in the wild to detect and remove any debris or external parasites. His teeth need to be brushed frequently to remove tartar build-up and the proliferation of bacteria. Finally, if they do not wear out naturally, its claws need to be cut. If you are new to this, it is recommended that you seek advice from a veterinarian or groomer.

Price and budget

Purchase price

€ 600
€ 1,100

The purchase price of a Schipperke is between € 600 and € 1,100.

Annual maintenance cost

200 €
€ 400

The annual maintenance cost of a Schipperke is between € 200 and € 400.

No name is currently proposed. Use our tool to find the name of your Schipperke!


The Schipperke needs a quality diet that provides it with all the nutrients and vitamins it needs. It must be adapted to their level of physical activity, their size and their age. Its food is to be divided into 2 meals per day . Predisposed to obesity , care should be taken to ensure that the Schipperke does not eat more than it should.

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Physical activity

Energy level
Potential to play

the   Schipperke is an active dog and therefore needs daily outings and exercises . He enjoys games that use his agility and boundless energy, such as agility.


Classifications & Standards
(FCI) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
(AKC) American Kennel Club
(ANKC) Australian National Council Kennel
(CKC) Canadian Kennel Club
(KC) The Kennel Club
(NZKC) New Zealand Kennel Club
(UKC) United Kennel Club


Master character <span class="btnTooltip qTip2" title="- Calm: the master must be gentle and know how to show patience.
– Active: the owner must be energetic and dynamic to live in harmony with his dog.
– Hyperactive: the owner must be stimulating and very restless to suit the temperament of his dog.”>

FCI Information



FCI Group

Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Recognized by FCI

Since 1954


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